Holstein Cattle

Overall satisfaction


Acquired: Breeder

Gender: Both







Growth rate


Tolerance for heat


Tolerance for cold


Calving ease


Holstein Cows!


California, United States

Posted Jul 19, 2012

I have been studying ethics of wildlife management and the environment at Humboldt State University. I have been traveling to different farms and I have been researching and comparing the treatment of cows for breeding and milking. I first want to make a disclaimer that my review will be biased towards the proper treatment of cows. Dairy and red meat are great sources of protein and calcium which are necessary for humans to live healthy lives. But that doesn't mean we should mistreat the animals in order to fulfill our daily nutritional needs. First, it is important to understand how much space cows need for grazing and ensure that you will not exceed that number of cows which will cause overcrowding. Next, one needs to decide whether they are going to do organic or traditional methods. Organic is great but if the cow needs antibiotics, the cow immediately needs to be switched to traditional. (There are pros and cons to both methods, you need to do what you are comfortable with.) Breeding cows is going to be time consuming. The owner needs to be prepared to have a humane source to sell the male calves when they are born. When the female calves are born, the owner SHOULD be present to ensure that the calf drinks milk within an hour to three hours of birth. Then the calf should be segregated. Once the baby lives past 2-3 weeks, it will survive 99.9% of the time. It might also be good to save some milk from the mother (make sure she is healthy!) to bottle feed the calf. When breeding, cows usually can birth 2-3 calves in poorer conditions WHICH IS NOT FAVORABLE! If one cares for their cows, one can have their cow birth 6-7 times while remaining healthy! For instance, at the Loleta Cheese Factory, the grass area is 500 acres and the owners ensure that they don't exceed 500 cattle at any one point. (If you were a cow, you would want to live in the Loleta Cheese Factory!) Next, feeding cows is extremely important! Due to weather, it is impossible to feed cattle grass every day of the year. So it is a must to feed them corn based feed. However, cows are not built to digest corn and end up belching methane because their indigestion track can't digest the corn. So be very careful of feeding! Also, reusing the waste for fertilizer will allow for green, green, green pastures and saves on costs!

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