Acquired: Breeder (non-professional, hobby breeder),
Bred animal myself
Posted Feb 07, 2014
I have grown a quails for the past 3 years. Quails are easy to take care of, but there are a few issues to consider.
Quails are grown today primarily for their eggs. Albeit quail eggs are smaller than chicken's, they are considerably healthier. Quail eggs offer a higher nutritious value (proteins, vitamins etc.) & are lower on cholesterol & other fats. One might find quail eggs to be of a slightly different, less jammed flavor than chicken eggs, which I personally find them delicious. Another use for quail eggs may be found as ornaments in the decorative arts & crafts, where they are much appreciated for their unique spotted appearance with brown, yellow, black, red and even green specks.
During its lifetime, a quail hen can lay as many as 300-500 eggs. On average, a quail might lay 20 eggs per month. Usually, 4 to 5 eggs are needed for making one large omelette. The quality & quantity of the eggs depends greatly upon the feed used. Of special importance is ensuring a calcium highly-enriched diet, as the constant egg laying depletes the quail's calcium supply and may even lead to its death if left unattended. Calcium can commonly be derived from soy beans, bone ash or cuttlebone added directly to their feed. Additionally, domesticated quails normally don't roost over their eggs so they have to be collected and incubated properly instead.
Quails are a social animal, and need to be in a small flock (covey) composed of a number of females and a male. Females left without a male quail may suffer from depression, live less & lay fewer eggs. However, one must ensure the covey does not contain more than one male, as they tend to be exceedingly aggressive & territorial.
Quail are grown mostly outdoors. Quails should be placed in dry place, protected from wind, the elements & predation. Quails should be given enough space as to ensure their well-being and health. During wintertime, there must be sufficient insulation and an added heat source for temperatures less than 40 degrees Fahrenheit. It is also important to keep quails under constant veterinary supervision due to their susceptibility to a number of ailments that might be fatal for both poultry & humans (e.g. avian influenza, salmonella & a multitude of fungal eye and skin infections). The main vector of dissemination to humans is contaminated eggs