Canine gastropexy is a surgery which is used to prevent a life-threatening condition which mostly affects large breed dogs known as gastric dilatation volvulus (GDV).
In gastric dilatation volvulus (GDV) - more commonly known as "bloat" - the stomach flips over or twists, which traps air and gasses and cuts off circulation to the stomach and spleen. If left untreated, bloat can kill a dog in a few hours, and has a mortality rate of between 10% and 26.8%.
A gastropexy surgery, which is often performed with a minimally-invasive laparoscopic incision, the stomach is attached to the abdominal wall so that it cannot twist or flip.
Traditionally, gastropexy was performed only in response to a GDV emergency, but today it is usually done as a preventive (prophylactic) procedure when the dog is very young. A common time to perform the surgery is during neutering or spaying.
When a female dog is being spayed, an abdominal incision is required, and this makes it an easy time to perform the gastropexy. For male dogs who are being neutered, the gastropexy is usually done using a small, laparoscopic incision.
Canine Gastropexy typically costs between $1,000 - $2,000 in North America.
Specific methods of canine gastropexy which secure muscles from the right side of the abdominal wall to the bottom of the stomach include: