Other common names: Large White Pig; English Large White; Yorkshire Swine; American Yorkshire Pig; Canadian Yorkshire Pig; Australian Yorkshire Pig; Australian Large White Pig
The Yorkshire pig originated in Yorkshire, England and today is one of the most numerous of all commercial pig breeds. Known as the Large White Pig in the United Kingdom, the Yorkshire Pig is widely used around the world for commercial meat production and crossbreeding.
According to the British Pig Association, "The Large White was one of the original founder breeds of the National Pig Breeders' Association (now known as the British Pig Association) and the first herdbook was published in 1884. The Large White has proved itself as a rugged and hardy breed that can withstand variations in climate and other environmental factors. Their ability to cross with and improve other breeds has given them a leading role in commercial pig production systems and breeding pyramids around the world."
Appearance / health:
Yorkshire (Large White) pigs, as their name implies, are large white-colored pigs with long bodies, fine hair, pink skin, erect ears, and slightly dished faces. They have sturdy feet and legs that can easily carry the animal’s size and weight. They are good milk producers, have large litters, and are lean and active.
Despite their energy and gregarious nature, pigs are sensitive animals. They are easily stressed by travel, vaccinations, extreme temperatures, and new surroundings. Stress makes them susceptible to ailments like pneumonia and bronchitis (due also to their small lungs relative to their size). They are also susceptible to animal viruses like influenza. Pigs commonly suffer from mad itch (or pseudo rabies), dysentery, and parasites (lice, ticks, and ascarid worms).
Healthy pigs have shiny hair, bright eyes, strong appetites, and high energy. Their normal temperature is 102.5F. Deviations from the normal temperature and other signs of poor health including diarrhea and coughing should promptly be brought to the attention of a veterinarian.
Behavior / temperament:
As omnivores that love to eat, pigs can be fun to watch while they explore their surroundings in search for something to munch on. They use their snouts to smell and unearth a potential meal. They are intelligent and social animals that quickly get used to the presence and affection of humans.
Some pigs are intelligent enough to learn tricks, obey commands, and use a litter box. Because they have no sweat glands, they tend to cool themselves by rolling in water or mud. The mud that dries on their skin serves as a sunscreen and protection from parasites like ticks, lice, and flies.
Large Whites are known for being active and hardy.
Housing / diet:
Pigs are active, curious animals that require room to explore, exercise, and just be their natural energetic selves. Sufficient space, relative to their size and weight, is a primary consideration because pigs that are crowded or confined to small spaces become stressed, and healthy growth and development is hindered.
Although constantly roaming and appreciative of open yards and fresh air, pigs also require a shed or housing that will let them sleep on a dry and clean area at night. Ideal ambient temperatures are 60-70F. Warm shelters with wood chip bedding are a must during cold months; water misters are recommended for the hottest months.
Pig housing should also include a feeder and a drinking water dispenser (usually a water barrel). Access to a water source makes it convenient to clean or hose out the pig shelters (and the pigs) as needed. Chain link fencing, shade trees, and a pond are recommended for backyard habitats.
Pig owners are advised to check with local authorities for legislation regarding the ownership and keeping of pigs in their homes and backyards.
As omnivores that eat plants and animals, pigs will consume almost anything that is edible like fruits, roots, flowers, grass, insects, worms, all types of meat, and even leftover scraps from the dinner table.
Unlike ruminant animals (cattle and goats), pigs have a single stomach. For healthy and fast growth, pigs require a high-energy diet composed of grain (corn, oats, wheat, barley), plus protein and vitamin supplements. Most commercially available feed for pigs combine various farm grains and the necessary supplements to ensure rapid and efficient development.
Pigs are best allowed to self-feed or eat as much as they want during the day to enable them to grow as fast as they normally can. Feeding should always include a good supply of clean, fresh drinking water.
lean meat hog, great commercial pig, intelligent, steady growth rate, gentle pig, 4H
escape artist, electric fence, uterine prolapse, sunburn, heat stroke
freerange animals, litter sizes, electronic collars, 4H pigs, great breeding pig
"We started raising these pigs quite some time ago and have found it quite enjoyable. The breeding pair we got originally when they were still young and they we very easy to train. These two were docile and friendly from a young age and made an easy transition as they grew older. They are highly intelligent and very playful pigs, they even enjoy playing with our dogs and stealing their toys. One of the few problems we have with them was when they antagonize our dogs to play. Our boar was a big baby even when he got huge, we never had to worry about him being aggressive unless it was mating season. Most of the time though he would fall over and enjoyed having his belly rubbed or scratched behind his ears like a dog.<br> <br>So I would suggest this breed for anyone looking for a friendly and more docile pig breed, or even a good meat pig to butcher. Though our pigs were very well behaved and trained easily they were also hands on from day one which is a must for most pig breeds in order to maintain a calm and even tempered pig.."
From absilverthorn Oct 8 2015 7:29AM
"This is the most common breed in New Zealand, where we are famous for our pork and bacon products. New Zealand meat is well known around the world. This is the breed they use for 'Hellers Bacon' and 'Kiwibacon'. <br><br>Here's a link to some information on NZ pig breeds:<br>https://www.nzpork.co.nz/media-and-schools/pig-breeds<br><br>From what I have learnt, and from my experience with three of this type of pig, they are very sturdy, easy to manage, and will give you a good profit. An all round good breed, and quite large.<br><br>As with all pigs, they love to have a mud pit, and it's good for their skin to have this, so if you throw a few buckets of water in a dirt area in their enclosure they will love you for it, and it dries and they rub it off on the ground/grass later anyway, they are actually quite clean creatures. <br><br>We had three females, named after the rice bubbles cereal characters Snap, Crackle and Pop. We did breed one of them, and brought in a male pig from a neighbor to do the job. She had no trouble birthing or with the pregnancy and all was healthy and normal, with 10 piglets, but two did die from the cold, the smallest two. One I have the feeling got rolled over on by the mother by accident, it's a large pig, gotta be a bit careful of that. We kept the piglets in the barn, with fresh hay under them, and a bright light on above them, and they were fine. They were all sold very quickly, and at about 6 weeks old from memory. There are no issues selling this type of pig, as it's very common here and people know it's a good breed, so selling as piglets for farmers, or as adults to the meat works are both easy enough to do. The only thing to be aware of with the piglets, i'm sure with any piglets, is they are very very loud and squeal a lot, so hopefully your barn, or wherever inside place you keep them (piglets do need to be inside the first few weeks at least especially in rain or bad weather) make sure it's not too close to your house or a neighbours house if you don't want complaints. <br><br>The Good:<br>Large size, and grow fairly quickly<br>Sturdy (due to size) and mixed breed, will withstand most weather fine<br>Not fussy with food or requiring any special diet (they will eat anything, except a catfish I found out, may have been that the fish was still alive though lol)<br>Good breed for bacon, they're a bit fat, but you want that in bacon anyway <br>Very calm and friendly, will have no trouble with a farmer touching them etc<br>Health wise, never had any issues, they were happy pigs all round<br><br>The Bad:<br>They can get sunburnt, because they are pink/white, any pink pig will have this issue, what you need to do to counteract it is have a mud pool/area, as the mud will act as a layer and protect their skin.<br>They are not the leanest breed of pig, they get quite fat, so if you're looking for lean meat, this probably isn't your best option.<br>They are quite large, so need to watch they don't squish their piglets by accident.<br><br>Overall, a great breed, if you can breed them in your country you won't regret it.."
From Christina_ruth Sep 18 2015 11:00PM
"I am from the Muslim country, where porkmeat is often considered as haram (the forbidden). My father was trying to overcome this social norm and offer pork within our region. Unfortunately, it did not work out. Instead, we experienced a lot of complains from our neighbours on the putrescent smell and grunting. As a result, the porkmeat that we offered was not in a great request. We actually spent more on the breeding than gain from meat sales . We have decided to stop breeding pigs in our region. So pay attention to your cultural context and consider consumers' preferences first.."
From Aisuluu Sep 11 2014 3:17AM