Other common names: Hereford Hog; Hereford Swine
The Hereford Pig, often called the Hereford Hog, is a breed of domestic pig named for its resemblance to the Hereford breed of cattle. It was developed in Iowa and Nebraska during the 1920s from Duroc, Chester White, and Poland China pig bloodlines. Development first occurred from 1920 to 1925, and by 1934 the official Hereford Pig registry was opened.
According to the American Livestock Breeds Conservancy, "The Hereford began to decline in numbers during the 1960s with the shift away from the commercial use of purebred hogs and toward a three way cross of the Duroc, Hampshire, and Yorkshire breeds. Today, the breed population is estimated at fewer than 2,000 pigs in the United States, most of them found in the upper Midwest and Plains states. The characteristics of the Hereford, however, make it a natural choice for a -variety of small scale production systems. If the breed is given opportunity under such systems, it will be able to earn its place in the future."
Appearance / health:
The true (qualified for registration) Hereford is a medium-sized pig with medium-sized droopy ears and a long neck. The body is reddish (light to dark); the face, ears, and feet are white. They are a medium-large swine breed, and generally weigh 200 to 250 pounds at five or six months of age. Mature sows weigh about 600 pounds, boars 800.
Despite their energy and gregarious nature, pigs are sensitive animals. They are easily stressed by travel, vaccinations, extreme temperatures, and new surroundings. Stress makes them susceptible to ailments like pneumonia and bronchitis (due also to their small lungs relative to their size). They are also susceptible to animal viruses like influenza. Pigs commonly suffer from mad itch (or pseudo rabies), dysentery, and parasites (lice, ticks, and ascarid worms).
Healthy pigs have shiny hair, bright eyes, strong appetites, and high energy. Their normal temperature is 102.5F. Deviations from the normal temperature and other signs of poor health including diarrhea and coughing should promptly be brought to the attention of a veterinarian.
Behavior / temperament:
As omnivores that love to eat, pigs can be fun to watch while they explore their surroundings in search for something to munch on. They use their snouts to smell and unearth a potential meal. They are intelligent and social animals that quickly get used to the presence and affection of humans.
Some pigs are intelligent enough to learn tricks, obey commands, and use a litter box. Because they have no sweat glands, they tend to cool themselves by rolling in water or mud. The mud that dries on their skin serves as a sunscreen and protection from parasites like ticks, lice, and flies.
Housing / diet:
Pigs are active, curious animals that require room to explore, exercise, and just be their natural energetic selves. Sufficient space, relative to their size and weight, is a primary consideration because pigs that are crowded or confined to small spaces become stressed, and healthy growth and development is hindered.
Although constantly roaming and appreciative of open yards and fresh air, pigs also require a shed or housing that will let them sleep on a dry and clean area at night. Ideal ambient temperatures are 60-70F. Warm shelters with wood chip bedding are a must during cold months; water misters are recommended for the hottest months.
Pig housing should also include a feeder and a drinking water dispenser (usually a water barrel). Access to a water source makes it convenient to clean or hose out the pig shelters (and the pigs) as needed. Chain link fencing, shade trees, and a pond are recommended for backyard habitats.
Pig owners are advised to check with local authorities for legislation regarding the ownership and keeping of pigs in their homes and backyards.
As omnivores that eat plants and animals, pigs will consume almost anything that is edible like fruits, roots, flowers, grass, insects, worms, all types of meat, and even leftover scraps from the dinner table.
Unlike ruminant animals (cattle and goats), pigs have a single stomach. For healthy and fast growth, pigs require a high-energy diet composed of grain (corn, oats, wheat, barley), plus protein and vitamin supplements. Most commercially available feed for pigs combine various farm grains and the necessary supplements to ensure rapid and efficient development.
Pigs are best allowed to self-feed or eat as much as they want during the day to enable them to grow as fast as they normally can. Feeding should always include a good supply of clean, fresh drinking water.
big litters, meat quality, decent foraging abilities, hardy breed
pasture restoration, electric fence
The Hereford is a pretty good pig for pastured operations. They are a hardy breed with decent foraging abilities. One thing I like best about the Hereford is that it can go from feeder pig in the spring to butcher in the fall. This spring to fall seasonal setup is perfect for the homesteader who brings in weaned pigs each year and hopes to finish them out around 250-300 pounds.
Herefords like all pasture pigs do great with a simple shelter, nipple waterer, and electric fence.
Pigs will root up your pasture unless you ring their noses. If you don't want to ring their noses then you might have some pasture restoration to do the coming spring..
From Drhunt20 Sep 25 2015 3:18PM