The first registered Danish Landrace herd was established in 1896 in Denmark, with the first progeny and sibling tests in 1907. Since then, production and quality testing have become a regular part of the Danish swine improvement program. Primarily because of this breed, Denmark became the world's chief bacon-exporting country and for many years refused to export purebred Landrace breeding stock to protect this position.
However, since the 1950's, Danish Landrace have been exported to the United States (American Landrace Pig), Canada, Brazil, Chile, Mexico, Japan, Taiwan, People's Republic of China, Philippines, Malaysia, Thailand, the former U.S.S.R., Albania, Hungary, Greece, Germany, and several African countries.
Appearance / health:
The Danish Landrace Pig is a medium to large pig that is all white in color. The hair is fine. The head is narrow and long. The snout is long and the ears are large, heavy, and drooping while slanting forward close to the face. The body is long with an almost flat back. They are meaty with plump but trim hams.
American Landrace pigs are good milk producers with long lactation periods. They also have large litters that have the highest weaned average of any breed, and the highest average post-weaning survival rate.
Despite their energy and gregarious nature, pigs are sensitive animals. They are easily stressed by travel, vaccinations, extreme temperatures, and new surroundings. Stress makes them susceptible to ailments like pneumonia and bronchitis (due also to their small lungs relative to their size). They are also susceptible to animal viruses like influenza. Pigs commonly suffer from mad itch (or pseudo rabies), dysentery, and parasites (lice, ticks, and ascarid worms).
Healthy pigs have shiny hair, bright eyes, strong appetites, and high energy. Their normal temperature is 102.5F. Deviations from the normal temperature and other signs of poor health including diarrhea and coughing should promptly be brought to the attention of a veterinarian.
Behavior / temperament:
As omnivores that love to eat, pigs can be fun to watch while they explore their surroundings in search for something to munch on. They use their snouts to smell and unearth a potential meal. They are intelligent and social animals that quickly get used to the presence and affection of humans.
Some pigs are intelligent enough to learn tricks, obey commands, and use a litter box. Because they have no sweat glands, they tend to cool themselves by rolling in water or mud. The mud that dries on their skin serves as a sunscreen and protection from parasites like ticks, lice, and flies.
Housing / diet:
Pigs are active, curious animals that require room to explore, exercise, and just be their natural energetic selves. Sufficient space, relative to their size and weight, is a primary consideration because pigs that are crowded or confined to small spaces become stressed, and healthy growth and development is hindered.
Although constantly roaming and appreciative of open yards and fresh air, pigs also require a shed or housing that will let them sleep on a dry and clean area at night. Ideal ambient temperatures are 60-70F. Warm shelters with wood chip bedding are a must during cold months; water misters are recommended for the hottest months.
Pig housing should also include a feeder and a drinking water dispenser (usually a water barrel). Access to a water source makes it convenient to clean or hose out the pig shelters (and the pigs) as needed. Chain link fencing, shade trees, and a pond are recommended for backyard habitats.
Pig owners are advised to check with local authorities for legislation regarding the ownership and keeping of pigs in their homes and backyards.
As omnivores that eat plants and animals, pigs will consume almost anything that is edible like fruits, roots, flowers, grass, insects, worms, all types of meat, and even leftover scraps from the dinner table.
Unlike ruminant animals (cattle and goats), pigs have a single stomach. For healthy and fast growth, pigs require a high-energy diet composed of grain (corn, oats, wheat, barley), plus protein and vitamin supplements. Most commercially available feed for pigs combine various farm grains and the necessary supplements to ensure rapid and efficient development.
Pigs are best allowed to self-feed or eat as much as they want during the day to enable them to grow as fast as they normally can. Feeding should always include a good supply of clean, fresh drinking water.
bacon, excellent pork, commercial breeders, large litters, cross breeding
common pigs, excellent mothers, ample milk, large breed
Boris- Truffle pig
Many people around the world, Slovaks including, consider pigs to be domestic livestock meant to be fattened and slaughtered. Well, I think in China and other Asian countries, pigs have become pets, being present in the households and considered to bring happiness and prosperity to the owning family. Following “eastern“philosophy behind pig owning and “western “business ideas I decided to buy small pig that will become our pet, however, will work for us in searching truffles for the gourmet food market. The idea came to our mind during our holiday in Florence, Italy when paying bill for spaghetti with truffles in restaurant of 50 € per meal. High price of truffles surprised us a lot, a kind of little fungus that is disgusting, black and expensive, but considered to be very healthy, scarce aphrodisiac appearing as deep as three feet underground. Only trained dogs and untrained pigs can discover it underground due to more sensitive noses. Truffle searching with pigs is forbidden in Italy, but allowed in Slovakia.
For 1 kg of black truffles we could get 1000 € from the specialized restaurant. If white ones found, price would have reached 4000 €/kg. Encouraged by new business vision we took our little pig, which we called Boris due to many visual similarities with former Russian president, to forest in Southern Slovakia. We studied a lot about places where fungus could theoretically appear and took Boris proudly out. Many people considered us being crazy walking a pig. Frankly, I was a bit ashamed, but business is business.
Surprise, after an hour truffle pig Boris started to root in the earth aggressively. First truffle finished in his mouth so quickly that I couldn't even blink. During next hour we managed to dig up another one, this time I was faster and after Boris pointed the place I was digging myself. Boris was so much angry not having his delicious piece that all way home he was squealing. This repeated every time we went ‘hunting’. After a month I was tired of such fight and told Boris to be a casual pig. But he could not get used to live in shed, he was demanding everyday walk to see the world.
I realized my mistake; I took pig to make business and transformed it to a pet. Thus, I have to take over responsibility for him not being eaten by us. Boris is still alive at my parents’ house, has his own sheltered place in the garden and will die of old age. Now he is 5 years, happy, healthy, and fat and loves cold shower. However, I've learned a lesson that whatever living creature is not a tool, and either for business purposes, present giving or for pleasure, we- human, are responsible for animal’s well-being..
From Tamara Aug 7 2014 1:54PM
Mommy and the four piglets
The Danish Landrace Pig is a large breed raised primarily for the pork production, but, although it might not look, on first sight, they are very good mothers and very protective of their piglets. This breed grows quite fast and the meat is delicious, which is why it is a common breed all around the world.
I first came in contact with this breed when my mother decided to buy a female pig which belonged to a superior breed of pig from a professional breeder. After buying her, we named the little piglet Mary and raised her like a puppy, with my mother playing every day with her, petting her, talking to her and offering her only the best food. Soon, she grew to be a large female sow, but her manner never changes and she remained gentle as a puppy.
The relationship with my mother continued even during the time when she gave birth. Even though she was a large sow by then, she allowed my mother to massage her and help her get through. After she gave birth to 4 little piglets, she became protective of them, but never exhibited any signs of aggression towards my mother, allowing her to take the piglets, check on them, at any hour.
When they are small, the piglets in this breeds are very playful and demanding of food, but I suppose this is common to all piglets. The sow continued to be very caring and gentle towards its babies and still continued the relationship with my mother.
All in all, I consider this breed one of the top choices any farmer should make when choosing a specific breed of pig and, while the productivity is very good, the meat delicious and the pigs growing relatively fast, if you put a little effort in raising one, it might be hard to give it away..
From Lillith Apr 4 2014 3:01AM
escape and terror on the back yard
We had two pigs. They were 2-3 months old when we got them. If I remember one thing about them is that they were energetic, at least wen they were awake. They would try an eat anything, plow the grown with their noses, test the durability of the fence that surrounded them and sometimes compete between them for the food.
Once plowing the ground and taking advantage of the weakened part of the fence the managed to get out. Before i could understand that they went out, they had destroyed halve of the plants of my back yard. However the real adventure started when I tried to put them back in. They like you if you bring them food but if you approach them empty handed they start running and you cannot catch a pig.
Their escape and terror on the back yard was repeated a couple of times until we decided to transfer them at my uncle’s farm. He had a proper pig farm, confined with a solid fence and practical structures.
After seeing the difference between our infrastructures I can say that you need a strong enclosure to keep them in. Also it has to have different (sort of) rooms if you intend to keep many with different ages between them. The bigger ones don’t leave any food to the small ones otherwise. Also if the female is pregnant it needs her own space. It is good for cleanliness purposes too.
If you have the place where they will stay the only concerns are food and the smell. They eat a lot, practically everything that you feed them. On the other hand that is a good think because they can make your organic garbage disappear. As for the smell, just keep them away from where you live ant it should be fine.
Despite their meat being very tasty, pigs require a lot of work and I would say go for it only if you are prepared to do so not just for the adventure..
From m_rista Nov 14 2015 7:32AM