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American Landrace Pig

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The basics:
The American Landrace is a descendant of the Danish Landrace Pig, which was developed in Denmark in the late 1800s by crossing native swine with the Large White breed from England. The breed was introduced to the United States in the 1930s but restricted to research. By the 1950s, with permission from Denmark, the Danish Landrace became the foundation for crossbreeding with Norwegian and Swedish Landrace as well as the Poland China to give rise to the improved, highly prolific, and heavy milking breed of American Landrace. Being a favored breed, the American Landrace became known as “America’s Sowherd” and is the fifth most recorded breed of swine in the U.S..

Appearance / health:
The American Landrace is a medium to large pig that is all white in color. The hair is fine. The head is narrow and long. The snout is long and the ears are large, heavy, and drooping while slanting forward close to the face. The body is long with an almost flat back. They are meaty with plump but trim hams.

American Landrace pigs are good milk producers with long lactation periods. They also have large litters that have the highest weaned average of any breed, and the highest average post-weaning survival rate.

Despite their energy and gregarious nature, Pigs are sensitive animals. They are easily stressed by travel, vaccinations, extreme temperatures, and new surroundings. Stress makes them susceptible to ailments like pneumonia and bronchitis (due also to their small lungs relative to their size). They are also susceptible to animal viruses like influenza. Pigs commonly suffer from mad itch (or pseudo rabies), dysentery, and parasites (lice, ticks, and ascarid worms).

Healthy pigs have shiny hair, bright eyes, strong appetites, and high energy. Their normal temperature is 102.5F. Deviations from the normal temperature and other signs of poor health including diarrhea and coughing should promptly be brought to the attention of a veterinarian.

Behavior / temperament:
As omnivores that love to eat, pigs can be fun to watch while they explore their surroundings in search for something to munch on. They use their snouts to smell and unearth a potential meal. They are intelligent and social animals that quickly get used to the presence and affection of humans.

Some pigs are intelligent enough to learn tricks, obey commands, and use a litter box. Because they have no sweat glands, they tend to cool themselves by rolling in water or mud. The mud that dries on their skin serves as a sunscreen and protection from parasites like ticks, lice, and flies.

Housing / diet:
Pigs are active, curious animals that require room to explore, exercise, and just be their natural energetic selves. Sufficient space, relative to their size and weight, is a primary consideration because pigs that are crowded or confined to small spaces become stressed, and healthy growth and development is hindered.

Although constantly roaming and appreciative of open yards and fresh air, pigs also require a shed or housing that will let them sleep on a dry and clean area at night. Ideal ambient temperatures are 60-70F. Warm shelters with wood chip bedding are a must during cold months; water misters are recommended for the hottest months.

Pig housing should also include a feeder and a drinking water dispenser (usually a water barrel). Access to a water source makes it convenient to clean or hose out the pig shelters (and the pigs) as needed. Chain link fencing, shade trees, and a pond are recommended for backyard habitats.

Pig owners are advised to check with local authorities for legislation regarding the ownership and keeping of pigs in their homes and backyards.

As omnivores that eat plants and animals, pigs will consume almost anything that is edible like fruits, roots, flowers, grass, insects, worms, all types of meat, and even leftover scraps from the dinner table.

Unlike ruminant animals (cattle and goats), pigs have a single stomach. For healthy and fast growth, pigs require a high-energy diet composed of grain (corn, oats, wheat, barley), plus protein and vitamin supplements. Most commercially available feed for pigs combine various farm grains and the necessary supplements to ensure rapid and efficient development.

Pigs are best allowed to self-feed or eat as much as they want during the day to enable them to grow as fast as they normally can. Feeding should always include a good supply of clean, fresh drinking water.

wonderful

smaller family farms, Fast growth rate, meat ratio, exceptional mothers, nice temperament

challenging

sunburn

interesting

floppy ears, little excess fat, 12pigglets, apple trees

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