The American Landrace is a descendant of the Danish Landrace Pig, which was developed in Denmark in the late 1800s by crossing native swine with the Large White breed from England. The breed was introduced to the United States in the 1930s but restricted to research. By the 1950s, with permission from Denmark, the Danish Landrace became the foundation for crossbreeding with Norwegian and Swedish Landrace as well as the Poland China to give rise to the improved, highly prolific, and heavy milking breed of American Landrace. Being a favored breed, the American Landrace became known as “America’s Sowherd” and is the fifth most recorded breed of swine in the U.S..
Appearance / health:
The American Landrace is a medium to large pig that is all white in color. The hair is fine. The head is narrow and long. The snout is long and the ears are large, heavy, and drooping while slanting forward close to the face. The body is long with an almost flat back. They are meaty with plump but trim hams.
American Landrace pigs are good milk producers with long lactation periods. They also have large litters that have the highest weaned average of any breed, and the highest average post-weaning survival rate.
Despite their energy and gregarious nature, Pigs are sensitive animals. They are easily stressed by travel, vaccinations, extreme temperatures, and new surroundings. Stress makes them susceptible to ailments like pneumonia and bronchitis (due also to their small lungs relative to their size). They are also susceptible to animal viruses like influenza. Pigs commonly suffer from mad itch (or pseudo rabies), dysentery, and parasites (lice, ticks, and ascarid worms).
Healthy pigs have shiny hair, bright eyes, strong appetites, and high energy. Their normal temperature is 102.5F. Deviations from the normal temperature and other signs of poor health including diarrhea and coughing should promptly be brought to the attention of a veterinarian.
Behavior / temperament:
As omnivores that love to eat, pigs can be fun to watch while they explore their surroundings in search for something to munch on. They use their snouts to smell and unearth a potential meal. They are intelligent and social animals that quickly get used to the presence and affection of humans.
Some pigs are intelligent enough to learn tricks, obey commands, and use a litter box. Because they have no sweat glands, they tend to cool themselves by rolling in water or mud. The mud that dries on their skin serves as a sunscreen and protection from parasites like ticks, lice, and flies.
Housing / diet:
Pigs are active, curious animals that require room to explore, exercise, and just be their natural energetic selves. Sufficient space, relative to their size and weight, is a primary consideration because pigs that are crowded or confined to small spaces become stressed, and healthy growth and development is hindered.
Although constantly roaming and appreciative of open yards and fresh air, pigs also require a shed or housing that will let them sleep on a dry and clean area at night. Ideal ambient temperatures are 60-70F. Warm shelters with wood chip bedding are a must during cold months; water misters are recommended for the hottest months.
Pig housing should also include a feeder and a drinking water dispenser (usually a water barrel). Access to a water source makes it convenient to clean or hose out the pig shelters (and the pigs) as needed. Chain link fencing, shade trees, and a pond are recommended for backyard habitats.
Pig owners are advised to check with local authorities for legislation regarding the ownership and keeping of pigs in their homes and backyards.
As omnivores that eat plants and animals, pigs will consume almost anything that is edible like fruits, roots, flowers, grass, insects, worms, all types of meat, and even leftover scraps from the dinner table.
Unlike ruminant animals (cattle and goats), pigs have a single stomach. For healthy and fast growth, pigs require a high-energy diet composed of grain (corn, oats, wheat, barley), plus protein and vitamin supplements. Most commercially available feed for pigs combine various farm grains and the necessary supplements to ensure rapid and efficient development.
Pigs are best allowed to self-feed or eat as much as they want during the day to enable them to grow as fast as they normally can. Feeding should always include a good supply of clean, fresh drinking water.
smaller family farms, Fast growth rate, meat ratio, exceptional mothers, nice temperament
floppy ears, little excess fat, 12pigglets, apple trees
Ester, my show pig
I loved my pig. To this day when I watch Charlotte's Web, Babe or any other movie featuring a pig trying to escape slaughter it brings a tear to my eye. As a kid I begged and begged my family to let me raise an animal for the stock show. After several years they finally allowed it. After a year of raising Ester, I was expected to show her, sell her to the highest bidder and allow her to be slaughtered for meat. I couldn't do it. I dropped out of the show at the last minute and ended up selling her to a petting zoo to keep her from being killed.
Pros: Trainable and smart animals! Social and will interact with you, can even be sweet and loving! Raising them can make you money...if you are heartless (just kidding. I'm a softie)
Cons: Stinky! They eat CONSTANTLY and require a balanced diet if you want them to be show quality. Can be a bit rough when you get in their pen, they don't know their own strength and they are really excited, after all you have the FOOD!.
From wallflower88 Jun 19 2014 8:46PM
A Great All-Around Pig
This breed is very long and large, without much excess fat, and has a very good food-to-meat ratio. Fast growth rate and very flavourful. We have apple trees on our property that the pigs love and we can actually taste the apples in the meat!
These pigs seem to all be very friendly; we had one huge sow who would jump up on the railing of her pen whenever we entered so she could stand face to face with us and would "talk" to us.
In general this breed isn't too bad in cold weather (although with its thin hair it doesn't like being outside for long periods in the cold), and can get sunburn if out in the sun too long during the warmer months.
As a meat producing breed, you can't get much better than this..
From JasmineB Apr 9 2015 9:06PM