Scientific name: Rangifer tarandus
Other common names: Caribou; Qalipu; Tuttuk
Reindeer are seen in the northern Holarctic countries including Mongolia, Russia, Eastern Europe, Norway, Iceland, Greenland, Canada, and northern USA. The only deer that can be domesticated, Reindeer have been kept as pets, companions, and beasts of burden in Scandinavia, Russia, and Iceland since the 18th century. They have also been herded and raised by nomadic tribes living in the arctic regions for meat, hides (clothing), antlers (weapons and tools), milk (also butter and cheese), and transportation. Canadian Inuit depend on the reindeer for their survival.
Appearance / health:
Reindeer are medium-sized mammals, standing more than 7 ft long and almost 5 feet tall. Body colors range from white to brown, tan, or gray, with the legs and face usually darker. Both sexes have complex antlers that can range up to 39 inches in width and 53 inches in rear beam length. The tail grows up to about 8 in. long. The thick fur has two layers, and dense wool undercoat and a long guard coat of hollow hairs that help the reindeer float and swim across rivers. The hooves adapt to the weather, having thick foot pads in the summer when the ground is soft and slippery; the foot pads shrink in the winter to expose the edges of the hooves, which are used to dig into the snow when they walk or forage for the lichens hidden underneath.
Behavior / temperament:
Wild reindeer are herd animals that move through the Arctic regions in groups of 20 or more. Domesticated reindeer are technically “semi-domesticated” because they typically roam freely and have not been bred in captivity.
Housing / diet:
Reindeer are ruminant grazers. They eat lichens, grass, shrubs, shoots, and leaves of willows and birch trees. In the winter, they feed on available shrubs, sedges, and twigs, and will dig into the snow to reach the lichens (reindeer moss) on the ground underneath.
zoo, beautiful antlers, sleigh rides, cold weather, .Gorgeous animals
worning treatments etc, regular worning treatments, wild animals, space, care
hardy appetites, antler velvet
Is this Santa's Farm?
We had a pasture of reindeer directly across from the house. They were beautiful to watch and as long at it wasn't mating season they were tame enough to interact with. Both the males and females grow antlers and you can sell them to people or craft with them once they fall off. Normally the anters fall off after the calves are born in the spring.
The calves grow quickly and mature fast. They're small when they're born and can be pushing 100 pounds by 6 months.
Its important to remember that they are very aggressive when they are in heat/ the males are in rut. This usually starts around the end of summer in August and we generally leave them alone for a few months when we start seeing them get more aggressive and the velvet of their antlers going to the more solid. This was magical during the winter months when we would have visitors and the kids would get to see the reindeer..
From SarahHaig May 1 2015 4:37PM
Gorgeous animals with lots of personality
I have worked with several reindeer at our petting zoo. Most of our reindeer are bred on the farm and trained from birth. They are beautiful to watch and are relatively low maintenance. They have hardy appetites and few special needs, except for in the summer I would recommend a kiddie pool for the reindeer to keep cool and a large bristled post to help them scrape off peeling antler velvet, which can be uncomfortable and smelly. We do not let anyone other than the professionals handle the reindeer, while they are smart and easy to work with and train, they can be moody and unpredictable. The antlers are pointed and very dangerous and the reindeer are very strong. That being said, I have never had a serious incident with ours. Just use common sense and animal training, you'll be fine!.
From alexmac136 Feb 24 2015 1:48PM