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Scientific name: Equus caballus x Equus asinus

The basics:
A mule is a cross between a female horse or pony (Equus caballus) and a male domestic donkey (Equus asinus). Because horses and donkeys are different species, with different numbers of chromosomes, all male mules and most female mules are infertile.

Mules have been used as beasts of burden for at least 3,000 years and are still used today in many parts of the world because of their ability to work under harsh conditions which are too severe for other draft and pack animals. Mules are able to carry more dead weight than a comparable-sized horse, and are said to possess the patience, endurance and sure-footedness of the donkey, and the vigor, strength and courage of the horse.

Appearance / health:
Mules come in a huge variety of shapes, sizes and colors, depending largely on the breeding of the mule's dam.
Mules have hybrid vigor, and rarely become ill or lame. They are able to withstand extremes of temperature, can live on frugal rations and have tremendous stamina and resilience.

Behavior / temperament:
Mules are intelligent and quick to learn, though they mature more slowly than horses. They tend to be sensitive and somewhat untrusting at first, which might be the cause of their legendary stubbornness. It is said that you cannot force a mule to do anything, but instead, you must persuade him, or organize his work so he is only asked to do those things he wants to do.


steep terrain, great trail mule, good calm ride, solid working animal, excellent pack animals


good patience, stubbornness


long memory, Long eared equine, humour mules, self preservation

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