Scientific name: Sus scrofa
Other common names: Wild Boar; Wild Hog; Eurasian Wild Pig
Originally found in many areas in Europe and Asia, the Boar was eventually introduced to other regions of the world including the United States and Australia. Hunted for sport and for food, the wild boar became extinct in Great Britain in the 13th century until the 1700s. In the early 1900s, they were extinct in Germany, Russia, Austria, and Italy. When wild boar hunting became popular in the 1970s, along with the increasing demand for wild boar meat, the boar population rose. Escapes from wild boar farms also helped stimulate the population growth.
Appearance / health:
Wild boars vary in size and weight depending on their habitat location, with tropical boars slimmer and smaller than their northern counterparts. Body color also varies, from black to brown, dark gray, and even whitish. Piglets are born with light coloration and longitudinal dark stripes, which fade as they mature. The head is large compared to the compact body, and the legs are relatively short. The fur is described as thick, with stiff bristles, often prominent along the spinal ridge (giving the common name Razorback in the Southern United States). The tail is long and straight, with a tuft. Wild Boars are distinguished by their pointed snouts and continuously growing tusks or canine teeth. The upper tusks are typically longer and curved upwards and constantly rubbed against the lower canines, which become sharp like razors.
Boar health depends on its habitat conditions and nutrition. As with other swine, stress makes boars susceptible to ailments like pneumonia and bronchitis (due also to their small lungs relative to their size). They are also susceptible to animal viruses like influenza. Like domestic pigs, boars suffer from mad itch (or pseudo rabies), dysentery, and parasites (lice, ticks, and ascarid worms). A veterinarian should be consulted for all health-related issues.
Behavior / temperament:
Boars are notoriously aggressive. When startled or threatened, a male wild boar will charge with his head lowered and his tusks pointed straight ahead. A sow, feeling that her piglets are in danger, will also charge, but because she has short tusks, she charges with her head up and mouth open and inflicts a bad bite.
Boars enjoy wallowing in muddy puddles, especially in the summer. They are excellent swimmers. They can produce ten different vocalizations, allowing mothers and offspring to call to each other.
Housing / diet:
Wild boar farms are similar to pig farms. Boars also require room to explore, exercise, and just be their natural energetic selves. Sufficient space, relative to their size and weight, is a primary consideration because boars that are crowded or confined to small spaces become stressed, and healthy growth and development is hindered.
Boar farms should also include a feeder and a drinking water dispenser (usually a water barrel). Access to a water source makes it convenient to clean or hose out the shelters (and the boars) as needed. Chain link fencing, shade trees, and a pond are recommended for backyard habitats.
Boar owners are advised to check with local authorities for legislation regarding the ownership and keeping of pigs in their homes and backyards.
Boars are omnivorous and will consume anything edible. They will eat fruits and nuts, grass and shoots, roots and tubers, insects, small reptiles and mammals, and any kind of leftover human food. They actively forage at dusk and at dawn.
lean meat, Wild Boar Hunting
extremely dangerous, invasive species, feral pigs, lifestock qualities, razor sharp tusk
Gustav the wild-boar
Our dog once showed up with a high-pitch squealing little package. It was January and particularly cold at minus 15°C. The package turned out to be a slightly damaged (from being carried in the mouth of our dog) baby wild boar. He was 3 days old at most and in the beginning he was not happy to be with us. We assume his mother was very young and inexperienced plus she gave birth to her young a bit too early.
We took Gustav to the vet and had his hip fixed/stitched and put him in a box with straw. He was very shy but soon started to eat out of our hands. He liked cat food, raisins and zucchini. During his first few months, he actually got to stay in our house & Kitchen! Even a local TV station found it curious and filmed us with Gustav.
We walked and played with him and eventually we had his manhood removed. Otherwise the male boar develops very large teeth, which can accidentally harm us. After nearly a year in the house, Gustav moved in next to the chicken. An outdoor space with electric fencing, a bathtub and some shrubs and trees. He didn't mind it at first, but as he got larger, he kept jumping the fence and going on walks on his own. We had some fun times together and Gustav kept visiting for another year or so, until he deceased.
We would've never sought out to get a boar or keep it for it's life-stock qualities. It was a pure coincident. However we do eat wild-boar which we hunt... very delicious and lean meat..
From Johannacw May 16 2015 1:39PM
Hunting Wild Boar
Hunting wild boar can be very challenging as well as dangerous but the excitement is always fun. Wild boar when cornered can charge and be very dangerous, they can use their razor sharp tusk to cut you open. Wild hogs need to be hunted or they will take over the land and ruin it for the other animals and possibly farmers. Wild hogs can be hunted in most states anytime of the year, as they are seen as a problem to the state. Wild boar can be very skittish and they have a remarkable nose so it can be a challenge to hunt them. Hogs like to roll around in the mud, to keep them cool as well as keep the bugs from biting them. The best place to hunt them would be in a thick area with water close by. .
From deerhuntintaxi Aug 14 2012 1:35PM
Wild boar are a very big problem in the souther states of the USA. They are beginning to push north and pose problems for more and more states each year. These wild hogs are an invasive species and are destroying farm and natural land throughout America. I have hunted these animals while in South Carolina and Texas and must say that they are not an animal to be taken lightly. Not only do they cause devistation to the land, they also are extremely dangerous and agressive. The biggest thing that make them such a problem is their ability to reproduce at an extremely rapid rate. These animal have became such a huge problem that many states have competitions to encourage folks to help eradicate this invasive species. I believe there are a few different breeds of feral pigs. Including the Eurasian wild boar. This is the most agressive breed and can grow extremely large. If someone were to hunt these animals extreme caution must be used because of their threat to human life. There are many great resources on the internet to learn more about these animals..
From nate25 Jul 14 2012 8:17PM