Nubian Goat

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Other common names: Anglo-Nubian Goat; Anglo-Nubians; Lop-Eared Goat

The Basics:
Have you ever daydreamed about having your own dairy goat? Whether you're interested in milk for the table, or a steady supply for crafting into cheese, yogurt, soap, and other useful goodies, the Nubian may just be everything you could ever want in a goat.

So what makes the Nubian (also known as the Anglo-Nubian) Goat so great? Well, it was developed in England by crossing native British milking goats (Old English Milch and Zariby) with Nubian breeds supposedly from the Middle East, Northeastern Africa, Egypt, Russia, or India. This resulted in a very unique-looking goat renowned for its rich, creamy, and sweet-tasting milk. And, since they originally came from a warmer climate than their popular Swiss cousins, the Nubian also has a longer breeding season which is ideal for milk production.

Plus, unlike other breeds, ask the average Nubian owner and they'll tell you that their goat has never given them that weird, 'goaty' flavored milk that some people complain about. So what are you waiting for? Go find your goat!

Appearance / Health:
Nubians are large-sized goats with long, wide, pendulous ears and a roman nose (cheeks are deep and concave). The body is sleek with short, glossy, and fine hair. They are born horned but are usually disbudded (dehorned) within two weeks of birth. Nubian goats also come in many different colors and patterns. Although typically not as productive as Swiss dairy breeds, the Nubian is the most popular dairy goat in the US for its ability to produce a delicious year-round supply of high-butterfat milk perfect for personal consumption and/or home crafts.

When considering any goat, remember that goats are sensitive animals that can suffer from various infectious and chronic diseases that are sometimes undetected until too late. Vaccinations, as well as de-worming and de-lousing applications must be conducted as needed. Milking goats should be checked regularly using prescribed mastitis tests for udder health. Milking areas should always be clean and the goat’s teats treated with antiseptic teat dip after milking to prevent mastitis.

Goats must be inspected frequently to detect any signs of poor health, infections, or other ailments. Signs include cloudy or teary eyes, dull or fluffed up coat, droopy tail, hunched back, or poor appetite. A veterinarian should always be on call to address health concerns.

Behavior / Temperament:
All goats are inherently curious, active, intelligent, and social. They are known to have the ability to overcome enclosures by unraveling the gate, climbing over the mesh, or pushing and ramming the fence down. Goats have good coordination and balance and can manage to climb low trees, ledges, and overhangs. Their curiosity leads them to constantly investigate items with their mouths; most items get chewed and swallowed. With a little patience, goats can be taught to carry or pull loads, respond to calls, and lead a herd. As social animals, they easily get along with other farm animals.

Nubian goats in particular are favored for their resilience, environmental adapability, affinity to human interaction, and intelligence. They are also known to be easy to train (for a goat), which is a plus if you intend to take your goat through the show ring. If you're looking for a quiet goat, though, you'll have to look elsewhere because Nubian goats are famous for bleating up a storm.

Housing / Diet:
As herd animals, goats are best kept in pairs or groups. As browsers, they require an outdoor habitat that is securely fenced to prevent escape or foraging in restricted areas. The area should be large enough to allow the goat to roam. The recommended habitat per goat is 200 sq. ft. of yard or pasture plus a sheltered or indoor area of about 15 sq. ft. The sheltered area should be adequately built to keep the goats safe from rain and strong winds.

Keeping goats inside the house is not recommended because of the animal’s tendency to gnaw and chew on furniture and furnishings. Goats also aren't famous for being easy to potty train.

The ideal food for domesticated goats is alfalfa hay and grass hay. This should be available daily in quantities of at least 3% of the goat’s body weight. Small quantities of feed grain and concentrates (often protein-enriched) like goat chow or goat grain can also be given to add nutrition. Supplements are often used to address nutritional deficiencies inherent to local habitats.

Clean water is essential to a goat’s daily diet. It should always be available and provided where it cannot be soiled. Dirty and moldy water is hazardous to the goat’s health. Also, don't forget that milking goats should be kept away from aromatic or strong-tasting foliage like garlic, onions, mint, and cabbage, which could taint the flavor of the milk. Also, male goats! If you keep a stud for breeding, remember to separate him from the ladies because his musky goat odor can ruin the milk.


intelligent, dual purpose goat, Amazing milkers, gentle goats, high butterfat content, sweet temperament


great escape artists, mastitis, regular worming, urinary calculi bladder, CL Caseous Lymphadenitis


4H project goat, long pendulous ears, long breeding season, goat milk soaps, super jumping abilities

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