In the older literature, the Kano Brown Goat of Nigeria is often grouped together with the Sokoto Red Goat and the Maradi goat from Niger. However, since 2005 the Kano Brown is now considered as a separate ecotype of the Sahelian Goat (what we would call a breed), and is treated as a genetic resource separate from the other breeds.
The Kano Brown is most typically raised by the Hausa (Ah-oo-sa) peoples of the Kano State of Nigeria and by far the commonest meat breed in the country. Kano State is a semi-arid areas with a single annual rainfall season of 4-6 months duration (the rainy season).
The breed is of extreme economic importance as it provides the majority of the goat meat in Nigeria and it's transported country-wide. Indeed, you cannot go to any livestock market in Lagos or any other city or large town without seeing hundreds of Kano Brown Goats being trucked in. The goats are often used as currency and local governments have even used them as payment to families to persuade them to keep girls in education.
Appearance / health:
The Kano Brown Goat is classed as a medium-sized animal and is about the same size as the Sokoto Red (from which they are descended) but are bulkier and less skinny in appearance, as befits a goat bred for its meat. They are of relatively short size (and may have been crossed with the Nigerian Dwarf Goat). A typical female stands 54–65cm tall at the weathers, the male is slightly taller, measuring some 60–65cm tall.
These goats are characterized by their fine heads and prominent foreheads. The mucous membranes of the mouth are black. They have short bodies and proportionally long and flexible necks (which help them browse). The ears are short, of medium width and are usually carried horizontally. The males have long beards of profuse hair and the whole head can be hairy. The males also have a mane of hair that extends to the shoulders. Both males and females have short horns. The coats are short and glossy and range in colour from ruddy brown to chestnut. Tail hairs are typically black. The males are typically darker than the females and may have a black stripe along the back. The udder is full and rounded with well spaced teats. It is much less divided than the udder of other Nigerian goat breeds.
This is an extremely hardy breed, with good levels of resilience (though they need shade during the hottest part of the day). It is also known to be a very healthy breed and its diverse gene pool means that congenital diseases are almost unknown. The semi-arid nature of its typical habitat also means that infectious diseases are very uncommon. It should be noted though that the Kano Brown Goats are more prone to mastitis than other Nigerian goat breeds and this is something to look out for.
Behavior / temperament:
Goats are curious, social and intelligent animals and the Kano Brown Goat is especially so, as it tends to be managed more protectively than some other West African breeds. They therefore interact with humans frequently during the day. This is a gentle breed that is easy to manage. Like all goats, the Kano Brown Goat is very sure footed and will even climb trees to forage. Their long necks also meant that they are active browsers. Like all goats they investigate their environment with their mouths, so if you approach them be ready to be chewed upon.
Housing / diet:
Kano Brown Goats are deemed very valuable and they are typically penned in or near to the village. They are never kept indoors, but where they graze is managed, typically by having a village child shepherd them. They are well-adapted to the semi-arid environments where they are typically raised. They need shelter during the hottest part of the day but are typically left in tree shade during this time.
The Kano Brown Goat is a non-discerning grazer and can subsist on rough grass, shrubs and trees. Sometimes their feed is supplemented with maize and millet, but typically they are allowed to graze and browse as they will. They are quite prolific milk producers and need plenty of water when being milked or raising kids.
Written by Dyfed Lloyd Evans
Main Meat Breed, meat
Nigeria, Sahelian type goat, commonest meat goat
Kano Brown Goat, Nigeria's Main Meat Breed
This is by far the commonest goat seen in the meat markets of Nigeria and hundreds are trucked down from their place of origin in Kano state in the north of Nigeria to all the southern markets. It is a Sahelian type goat with the characteristic spindly legs. They have shorter ears and a typically brown or chestnut hide. Both males and females have horns and the males are characterized by their beards and the mane of hair on their shoulders.
Economically this is by far the most important breed in the sami-arid region of northern Nigeria, where they are mainly raised. Like all Sahelian-derived goats they are very tolerant to heat. This breed browses as well as grazes and their long necks helps them reach the leaves of local bushes.
Like all Sahelian goats, this is a very, very, tame breed. I have seen them trucked to market, ushered out of the truck and then just left there and they stay where they are in their own little huddle, not even trying to make off.
Genetically they are a breed offshoot of the Sokoto red goat, selected for meat production. They are slightly smaller and lighter than the Sokoto but their bodies are rounder with better meat conformation.
I was involved in some of the early stages of breed improvement and trait selection. Kano Browns were crossed with Boer goats to improve meat conformation and with West African dwarfs to improve disease resistance. This is a goat of arid regions and is not trypanotolerant. Therefore, despite being by far the commonest meat goat it cannot be reared in the southern regions of West Africa.
The Knao Brown really is the general purpose goat and it's milked and sold for its meat and its hide.
The Kano Brown x West African Dwarf goat makes an extremely good pet due to its small size and its very even temperament. The Kano Brown itself is a very calm, almost sedentary goat that is great for a small flock and in Northern Nigeria they are often the city goat of choice, providing milk and meat.
The bred works well with a halter and can be tied for long periods or even led like a dog..
From DLlE Sep 27 2012 8:43AM