Australian Miniature Goat

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The basics:
The Australian Miniature Goat is a new breed of pet goat which has been under development in Australia since around 1997. It is being developed from selective cross breeding of goat breeds such as: Cashmeres, Angoras, Australian Bush Goats, Toggenburgs, British Alpines, Saanans, Boers, and Anglo Nubians.

According to the Miniature Goat Breeders Association of Australia (MGBA), "Australian Miniature Goats are genetically small animals. They are a "Designer Breed" with impeccable temperaments that come in all colours and combinations. Although Australian Miniature Goats are not scaled down versions of their larger counterparts, their conformation is similar to that of the larger breeds, with all parts of the body in balanced proportion relative to their size. An Australian Miniature Goat is considered to be; an Australian bred animal, not exceeding 57cm (female) and 60cm (male) in height, that meets the breed standard requirements and has at least 5 generations of “miniature” breeding behind it."

Appearance / health:
Australian Miniature Goat come in all coat types, including short, smooth, fluffy, long and in all colors and color patterns. There are four breed types which are based predominately on ear structure:

Elf - short ear
Pixie - upright ear
Munchkin - folded ear
Nuwby - pendulous ear

Although each breed type is predominantly based on ear type, they are slightly different in body shape and ear length. Facial profile is also slightly different.

Goats are sensitive animals that can suffer from various infectious and chronic diseases that are sometimes undetected until too late. Vaccinations, as well as de-worming and de-lousing applications must be conducted as needed. Milking goats should be checked regularly using prescribed mastitis tests for udder health. Milking areas should always be clean and the goat’s teats treated with teat dip after milking to prevent mastitis.

Goats must be inspected frequently to detect any signs of poor health, infections, or other ailments. Signs include cloudy or teary eyes, dull or fluffed up coat, droopy tail, hunched back, or poor appetite. A veterinarian should always be on call to address health concerns.

Behavior / temperament:
Goats are inherently curious, active, intelligent, and social. They are known to have the ability to overcome enclosures by unraveling the gate, climbing over the mesh, or pushing and ramming the fence down. Goats have good coordination and balance and can manage to climb low trees, ledges, and overhangs. Their curiosity leads them to constantly investigate items with their mouths; most items get chewed and swallowed. With a little patience, goats can be taught to carry or pull loads, respond to calls, and lead a herd. As social animals, they easily get along with other farm animals.

Housing / diet:
As herd animals, goats are best kept in pairs or groups. As grazers, they require an outdoor habitat that is securely fenced to prevent escape or foraging in restricted areas. The area should be large enough to allow the goat to roam. The recommended habitat per goat is 200 sq. ft. of yard or pasture plus a sheltered or indoor area of about 15 sq. ft. The sheltered area should be adequately built to keep the goats safe from rain and strong winds.

Keeping goats inside the house is not recommended because of the pet’s tendency to gnaw and chew on furniture and furnishings. Goats are also not known to adhere to toilet training.

The ideal food for domesticated goats is alfalfa hay and grass hay. This should be available daily in quantities of at least 3% of the goat’s body weight. Small quantities of feed grain and concentrates (often protein-enriched) like goat show or goat grain can also be given to add nutrition. Supplements are often used to address deficiencies inherent to local habitats.

Clean water is essential to a goat’s daily diet. It should always be available and provided where it cannot be soiled. Dirty and moldy water is hazardous to the goat’s health. Milking goats should be kept away from aromatic or strong-tasting foliage like garlic, onions, mint, and cabbage, which could taint the flavor of the milk.


cuddle, gorgeous little animal, children, fantastic family pet, great personality, hobby farm


MGBA, miniature goat breed

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