Alpine Goat

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Other common names: French–Alpine Goat; Alpine Chamoisée; Alpine Dairy Goat

The basics:
The Alpine Goat originated in the French and Swiss Alps. It is a hardy, agile and productive dairy goat breed which was especially appreciated by French breeders. Between 1910 and 1920, the Alpine Goat was integrated into many French herds, and in 1930 the breed was formalized in France with the creation of a stud book for the “Alpine Chamoisée”.

The Alpine, or French Alpine Goat as it is commonly known outside of France, is today one of the most important commercial dairy breeds. In addition, it has been instrumental in the creation of several other important dairy goat breeds. In 1903, an Alpine was sent to England, and led to the development of the British Alpine Goat. Alpine Goats in Switzerland were standardized by color and today are known as the Oberhasli Goat.

According to the Alpines International Club, “French Alpines were first imported to the United States in 1922, by Dr. Charles P. Delangle.” The French Alpine is currently the second most popular dairy goat breed in the United States.

Appearance / health:
Alpine Goats are large with a rangy coat. The hair on both sexes is short, although the male has a pronounced beard and long hair along the spine. The face is straight and the ears are medium-sized, smooth, and erect. Body colors range from white to tan, gray, brown, red, black, with various combinations and patterns. Females are productive dairy goats with well-developed udders and teats.

The Miniature Alpine Goat is a cross between an Alpine doe and a Nigerian Dwarf buck.
Goats are sensitive animals that can suffer from various infectious and chronic diseases that are sometimes undetected until too late. Vaccinations, as well as de-worming and de-lousing applications must be conducted as needed. Milking goats should be checked regularly using prescribed mastitis tests for udder health. Milking areas should always be clean and the goat’s teats treated with teat dip after milking to prevent mastitis.

Goats must be inspected frequently to detect any signs of poor health, infections, or other ailments. Signs include cloudy or teary eyes, dull or fluffed up coat, droopy tail, hunched back, or poor appetite. A veterinarian should always be on call to address health concerns.

Behavior / temperament:
Goats are inherently curious, active, intelligent, and social. They are known to have the ability to overcome enclosures by unraveling the gate, climbing over the mesh, or pushing and ramming the fence down. Goats have good coordination and balance and can manage to climb low trees, ledges, and overhangs. Their curiosity leads them to constantly investigate items with their mouths; most items get chewed and swallowed. With a little patience, goats can be taught to carry or pull loads, respond to calls, and lead a herd. As social animals, they easily get along with other farm animals.

Housing / diet:
As herd animals, goats are best kept in pairs or groups. As grazers, they require an outdoor habitat that is securely fenced to prevent escape or foraging in restricted areas. The area should be large enough to allow the goat to roam. The recommended habitat per goat is 200 sq. ft. of yard or pasture plus a sheltered or indoor area of about 15 sq. ft. The sheltered area should be adequately built to keep the goats safe from rain and strong winds.

Keeping goats inside the house is not recommended because of the pet’s tendency to gnaw and chew on furniture and furnishings. Goats are also not known to adhere to toilet training.

The ideal food for domesticated goats is alfalfa hay and grass hay. This should be available daily in quantities of at least 3% of the goat’s body weight. Small quantities of feed grain and concentrates (often protein-enriched) like goat show or goat grain can also be given to add nutrition. Supplements are often used to address deficiencies inherent to local habitats.

Clean water is essential to a goat’s daily diet. It should always be available and provided where it cannot be soiled. Dirty and moldy water is hazardous to the goat’s health. Milking goats should be kept away from aromatic or strong-tasting foliage like garlic, onions, mint, and cabbage, which could taint the flavor of the milk.


great personality, excellent milk production, quality milk, beautiful breed, fast growing kids


CAE prevention, ft tall Fences, head butt, escape artists, electric fence, skittish thing


European Alpine bloodlines, elegant dairy breed, quality goat feed, ADGA American Alpines, easy keepers

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