Scientific name: Anser anser domesticus
Other common names: Production Toulouse; Dewlap Toulouse; Exhibition Dewlap Toulouse
The Toulouse Goose originated in Toulouse, southern France, for the purpose of making the delicacy foie gras. Today, their meat is eaten in much of Europe, while they are also raised amongst many small farmers for their meat and ornamental value.
The American Livestock Breeds Conservancy recognizes one breed, "Toulouse," and two types: Production and Dewlap. The most common - the Production type - is typically a utility bird found on small farms and homesteads. The Dewlap Toulouse is a massively boned bird, bred for ability to gain weight rapidly and produce foie gras when force fed. Some Dewlap geese are bred as a decorative show bird with an exaggerated dewlap and keel.
Varieties: Buff, Gray
Uses: Foie Gras, Guard, Meat, Pets, Ornamental, Weeding
Temperament: Calm and friendly, the Dewlaps tend to be very lazy
Production Strain: 18 - 20 lbs
Dewlap Strain: 20 - 26 lbs
Parenting abilities: Varies amongst bloodlines. The Dewlaps can crush their eggs.
Noise level: Average
Cable of flight: No
Meat production: Very good, excellent producer for foie gras
Egg production: 25 - 40 per year with production strains. The Dewlaps tend to produce 20 - 35 eggs per year.
What else you should know:
Due to their large size, the Delwap Toulouse requires extra care. Fowl tend to need a diet richer in calcium to support their large frame, and should be feed 18 - 22% crude protein diets. Fowl that are being kept for breeding purposes should not be permitted to get overweight, and are best bred in trios or pairs. It usually takes the Dewap Toulouse two to three years before they can be bred.
Toulouse that are raised for foie gras tend to be raised in small pens and are sometimes even force feed. Toulouse raised for roasting are traditionally kept on pasture.
eggs, Watch Dog Geese, Best Backyard Security, excellent weed eaters, friendliest breeds
dog houses, heaviest breed, exhibition dewlap strains, rentable breed, smaller utility birds
Go Get Your Goose
I really enjoy working with Toulouse Geese. They are one of the friendliest breeds of geese. They take well to pasturing. They often do well with other species of poultry and livestock, more so than other breeds of geese. Caution is necessary, as with all geese, when it comes to ganders during breeding/hatchling season.
These geese are beautiful and maintain themselves. They are very hardy and do well in summer and winter. Housing requirements are minimal. My geese live in dog houses and Rural King blue barrels.
As far as production, Toulouse meat quality is good. These geese do not produce a lot of eggs for a very long period in the spring so hatching will be a short and critical season. Adding additional lighting to your facilities will help increase production. However, if you are a small operation and/or are looking for a pasture flock, reproduction will be a difficult aspect of raising these birds.
I would highly recommend Toulouse geese to any small farmer/hobbyist looking for some sustainable poultry. Remember to source your birds early and enjoy!.
From Ivagrovegirl Mar 3 2014 8:50PM
Friendly, productive geese
There are two main strains of Toulouse geese - the smaller utility birds and the dewlaps. The exhibition dewlap strains are considerably larger than the utility strains. They’re beautiful birds, but can be rather lethargic and comparatively short lived.
Utility strains are lighter weight birds. Mine are around 13 lbs, and while mine are pets, if you were looking for meat birds Toulouses are an excellent choice. Mine also lay a decent quantity of eggs. These smaller strains are fairly active geese that make exceptional grazers and, if given full access to pasture, will eat mainly grass.
When on pasture, these are surprisingly economical birds to raise. Mine spend the day grazing and only eat their pellets when they’re in their house at night. If you’re not keeping them on pasture, however, they could be rather spendy critters to feed if you’re trying to make an economical return on them.
Mine do eat a decent amount of feed on the days that they are kept in their smaller run during bad weather. Fortunately, there is very little weather that geese consider bad. When it’s hot, they settle down in the shade and when it’s pouring rain they splash around in the puddles to see who can get the muddiest.
The larger exhibition Toulouses have a low set body and their keel can drag low enough that they have problems with those feathers getting dirty. While still lower set than other breeds, utility Toulouses generally hold themselves high enough that they don’t need any special accommodations.
Still, in order for any goose to keep their feathers in good shape, these birds do require access to more than just a water dish. A child’s wading pool works well to give them enough room to splash around and play while still being easy to clean.
Toulouses can be a bit shier and more nervous than some of the more outgoing breeds like the Embdens, but when raised closely with people they are extremely sweet and endearing birds. They can benefit from having more outgoing breeds in the flock with them to boost their confidence.
They aren’t particularly vocal in their frequency of honking, but Toulouses do like to call to each other as well as talk to their human friends and can be quite loud in their volume. These are large birds that require a lot of space and are only suited to rural areas.
If you have the space available, Toulouses are friendly, productive geese that I wouldn’t want to be without..
From gardenfairy Sep 10 2014 4:04AM
This review is based on my experience with only one Toulouse goose. We rescued this male goose as a stray, and at first he was very friendly towards us. We did not own any other geese when we brought this one home, but after awhile we decided to buy two other geese, a pair of African geese, so that our Toulouse wouldn't be alone. Not long after this, our Toulouse goose started to get very aggressive towards us and would bite us whenever we got close to him. Because of this. I would not recommend Toulouse geese, especially not for families with children. Our African geese were extremely friendly and much nicer than the Toulouse, so I would recommend those instead..
From Shadowmere Jan 14 2014 3:16PM