Sumatra Chicken

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Willem Hoekstra

Other common names: Sumatran Pheasants; Java Pheasant Game Birds

The basics:
The Sumatra Chicken originated on the island of Sumatra in Indonesia. Believed to be closely related to the jungle fowl, the Sumatra tends to have a personality which is more similar to wild game birds than domestic chickens. In 1847, Sumatra Chickens were exported from Sumatra to the United States and Europe for cockfighting. In 1883, the Black Sumatra was first inducted into the American Standard of Perfection, the official breed standard for the poultry fancy in North America.

Unfortunately, the Sumatra Chicken is currently highly endangered, and has been given a classification of "critical" by the American Livestock Breeds Conservancy. The "critical" category means, "Fewer than 500 breeding birds in the United States, with five or fewer primary breeding flocks (50 birds or more), and estimated global population less than 1,000."

Types: Bantam, Largefowl
Varieties (Pea Comb): Black, Blue, Dun, Khai, Platinum
Uses: Fishing Lures, Ornamental
Bantam: 22 - 24 oz
Largefowl: 4 - 5 lbs
Personality: Wild and alert
Broody: Yes
Preferred climate: Moderate
Handles confinement: No
Egg production: Fair
Egg color: Tinted
Egg size: Medium

What else you should know:
Roosters can be highly aggressive amongst each other and are best separated. Adding birds to the flock can become tricky, and it is often easiest to allow hens to brood and raise their chicks into the flock.

Some Sumatra's are human aggressive, and the breed is not recommended for children. If taking eggs from a broody hen, thick gloves are recommended.

Health of the Sumatra chicken varies amongst bloodlines. Some breeders claim them to be fragile and unsuitable for extreme temperatures.


watchful, exhibition type, charming fellows, great foragers, gorgeous chicken


small eggs, wild personality, flighty, scream bloody murder, protective long sleeves, pecks


Prima donnas, solid black feathers, primitive undomesticated breed

Sumatra Chicken Health Tip

Sumatra Chicken

From PeggyG Apr 17 2015 6:33AM


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