Other common names: Ko-Shamo; O-Shamo; Chu-Shamo; Kimpa-Shamo
The Shamo Chicken is an oriental gamefowl which was developed in Japan, but which may have originated in Thailand. The Shamo Chicken was probably of Malay and Asil gamefowl stock.
According to the American Livestock Breeds Conservancy, "In 1941, to protect the breed from possible extinction, the Japanese government placed the breed under protection of law. The first Shamos known in America returned home with G.I.s after World War II; some probably being transported as eggs in a pocket. In America’s south, the breed was admired and became popular for crossbreeding to produce superior fighting stock. Even today the majority of Shamos in America can be found in southern states."
Types: Bantam, Largefowl
Varieties (Pea Comb): Any color
Uses: Ornamental, Fighting
Bantam: 36 - 44 oz
Kimp Shamo: 3 - 4 lbs
Chu Shamo: 6 - 8 lbs
O Shamo: 7.5 - 12.4 lbs
Personality: Confident, intelligent and social with their owners. Highly aggressive amongst other fowl.
Preferred climate: Warm
Handles confinement: No
Egg production: Poor
Egg color: Tinted
Egg size: Large
What else you should know:
Shamo chickens can be raised together as chicks. However, as they age roosters will need separated. Hens can be kept together, if they have enough space. If you intend to cage birds it is best to break the birds into pairs. Introducing birds into the flock is best done with natural methods, or raising chicks together. Introducing adults can be deadly.
Shamo chickens can suffer from various health problems, depending on the strain. Chicks are best raised with artificial methods, as hens are clumsy with eggs and chicks. Chicks should be on low protein diets so they don't outgrow their bodies. Perches should not be provided for young chicks, as it can bend their breast bones, or hurt their legs.
Proper feed and housing will be necessary for good fertility. Though, Shamo chickens can eat commercial grade feeds, they are better of when feed rice instead of corn or soybeans. Birds will also need heat in the winter, if you live in a cold climate.