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Serama Chicken

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Willem Hoekstra

Other common names: Malaysian Serama; Ayam Serama; New American Serama; American Serama

The basics:
The Serama chicken is a bantam chicken which originated in Malaysia. They are the smallest chicken breed in size and weight, with most Serama weighing less than 500 grams. The origins of the Serama are unclear, but in Malaysia it is considered to be a landrace chicken - birds which share some common traits but lack specific breed standards of size and color. The Serama was first imported to the United States in 2001, and to Europe in 2003.

Because there are no written standards for the Serama in Malaysia, breed standards have been set by various national Serama organizations. According to the Serama Council of North America (SCNA), "The importation of landraces from Asia into the West has occurred several times and most of our modern breeds are descendants of such imports. Once in the West, these landraces have then been refined into breeds, varieties, etc. In other words, refined, to suit Western tastes. The Asiatics (cochin, brahma and langshan) are classic examples of just such events. In the East, they are not separate breeds, and are more regional variations of the same thing. Those original variations were refined into separate varieties and breeds in the West. This process is now beginning with the serama."

Types: Bantam
Varieties (Single Comb): Any color, can be smooth, frizzled or hookless (Silkied) feathered.
Uses: Ornamental, Pets
Weights:
Micro: Anything under Class A weights
Class A: Roosters up to 13 oz, Hens up to 12 oz
Class B: Roosters up to 16 oz, Hens up to 15 oz
Class C: Roosters up to 19 oz, Hens up to 17 oz
Class D: Larger then class C, these birds are culls
Personality: Tame and gentle disposition
Broody: Yes
Preferred climate: Warm
Handles confinement: Yes
Egg production: Poor
Egg size: Small
Egg color: White

What else you should know:
Serama's are easy to keep, but do require special planning and preparation. Due to their small size, they are more at risk to be injured or killed by predators. Keep your birds safe, by providing them with an enclosed play area. Seramas do not handle cold weather well, and may need brought into the house, or heated during the cold seasons.

The smaller weight classes of Serama can have fertility troubles, with the Micro birds often being infertile. Proper incubator conditions are necessary for good hatch rates, and healthy chicks. Once hatched, chicks should be housed separately from active and larger breeds.

The Serama did inherit the lethal 'creeper' gene from the Japanese bantam. Therefore, if you breed two short legged fowl together, expect 25% of the chicks to die in during the incubation period.

It is also best to not breed to frizzled fowl together. As a double dose of the gene will cause brittle feathers.

wonderful

friendly breed, handsome little miniatures, beautiful little chicken, best pet birds, regal appearance

challenging

rainy weather, flighty breed, high price tag, short legs, egg production

interesting

possible indoor pet, small white egg, high pitched crow, hiphop dance routine

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