Orpington Chicken

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(189 Reviews)

Willem Hoekstra

The basics:
The Orpington chicken was developed by William Cook in Orpington in Kent, England in 1886. Mr. Cook's goal was to create a dual purpose bird which would have a good table weight and could lay around 150 - 180 eggs a year. He created the Orpington by crossing Minorcas, Langshans and Plymouth Rocks.

The first Orpingtons looked very much like Langshan Chickens, and were all black. Between 1889 and 1905, Mr. Cook developed White Orpingtons, Buff Orpingtons (with a rich golden buff plumage) and Blue Orpingtons. The Orpington bantam chicken was later developed in Germany.

Types: Bantam, Largefowl
Varieties (Single Comb): Black, Blue, Brown Red, Buff, Buff Columbian, Chocolate, Chocolate Mottled, Cuckoo, Gold Laced, Lavender, Lemon Cuckoo, Jubilee, Mottled, Partridge, Silver Laced, White and more
Uses: Eggs, Meat, Ornamental, Pets
Bantam: 34 - 38 oz
Largefowl: 8 - 10 lbs
Personality: Docile and very sweet, a fine choice for a pet
Broody: Yes
Preferred climate: Any
Handles confinement: Yes
Egg production: Good (3/week)
Egg color: Brown
Egg size: Large

What else you should know:
With exhibition quality Orpingtons, special care should be taken to keep birds in dry and well drained housing. Otherwise, their fluffy feathers can easily get muddy and turn them into a mess. Pop may also collect near your birds vent. Occasional bathing or trimming, may prove necessary.

Because of their extra fluff, Orpingtons are more prone to mite and lice infestations. Check your birds monthly and treat as necessary. If you are breeding your fowl, you may have to trim their vents to improve fertility.

Orpingtons are naturally lazy and are prone to getting fat. To help prevent this from occurring, you can rake your chickens feed into leaves or straw.


sweet birds, large dual purpose, Consistent layers, friendly birds, great backyard chickens


raccoons, bit overweight, adequate coop space


fantastic mothers, natural flock leaders, beautiful soft feathery, longer laying season, big body

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