Other common names: Livornese Chicken
The Leghorn Chicken originated in Tuscany, Italy and were first exported to the United States in 1852, and then to England in 1870.
According to the American Livestock Breeds Conservancy (ALBC), "Leghorns are active, even ambitious chickens. On range they are splendid foragers and small eaters. The breed is prolific, highly fertile, and hardy. Leghorn chickens lay very large numbers of white eggs – in fact, they lay as well or better than other breeds. It is the combination of hardiness, rate-of-lay, and small appetite that about 1870 turned American poultrymen’s heads and won the Leghorn chicken lasting popularity."
The standard sized Leghorn Chicken is the most popular commercial egg producer in the United States, and in many other countries around the world.
Types: Bantam, Largefowl
Varieties (Single Comb & Rosecomb): Barred, Black, Black Tailed Red, Buff, Columbian, Dark Brown, Gold, Light Brown, Silver, Mille Fluer, White
Uses: Eggs, Ornamental
Bantam: 22 - 26 oz
Largefowl: 4.5 - 6 lbs
Personality: Energetic, alert and afraid of any sudden noise or movement.
Broody: Rarely, occurs with non-white varieties.
Preferred climate: Single Combed Leghorns prefer warm climates. Rosecombs are suitable for any.
Handles confinement: Yes
Egg production: Excellent (5/week)
Egg color: White
Egg size: Extra Large
What else you should know:
The appearance of the Leghorn has a lot to do with which country it is bred in. In the UK, Leghorns are larger, have higher posture, and are only recognized in the color white. In the USA, Leghorns are a bit smaller, and can be productive animals as well as ornamental.
Leghorns are excellent layers, and should be provided with a diet that has sufficient calcium levels. If your feed is not providing enough calcium, consider adding oyster shells to your hens diets. Hens will lay well for their first year, and are often replaced afterwards.
crisp white egg, free range, egg laying maniacs, commercial egg ventures, fantastic egg production
awful meat chickens, flighty, poor nesters, avoid human contact, nervous birds, Leghorn roosters
quick maturity, voracious eaters, fast weight gain, nearly allyearround egg
"Have you ever had a chicken that refuses to stay in the area you create for them? We have plenty of field space for our chickens, but given the change, they will find any spot in our fence they can fit into and escape to the yard....to the porch...and into the cat house. They peck at the cat food, sit in the bird bath, and then sneak back in to their home each night. Then, the egg count was getting low. It didn't make any sense. Why would they stop laying eggs? Then, much to our surprise, we found the missing eggs.....IN THE CAT HOUSE! Yes, many of the chickens, and all different breeds, were sneaking into the cat house to lay their eggs instead of doing it in their lovely home! Let's just say the spot in the fence was quickly fixed and they've gone back to laying eggs in the appropriate places! Having chickens has been nothing but entertainment! I hardly remember life before chickens, and I really think everyone should have a chicken, at least once in their life. Leghorns are known for being nervous but ours seems to be content....if yours is nervous, maybe give it a cat house to lay eggs in! ."
From cheezysmilegal Feb 16 2017 3:20PM
"I was very satisfied with my flock of White Leghorn chickens. Although they have a reputation of being flighty, this was not my experience at all. My flock was social and showed no signs of aggressiveness toward me or other animals.<br><br>They are a smaller bodied chicken, so they aren't good for meat production, but they are one of the best egg laying breeds there are. They also start laying earlier than most; as early as 4-1/2 months of age. <br><br>White Leghorns require less food, since they are smaller than a lot of other breeds. This equates to better egg production for less feed costs. They lay medium/large to jumbo white eggs. <br><br>As long as plenty of water is provided, they can take the heat of summer. They can also survive winters down to -10 F. as long as they have a snug, secure hen house that's free of drafts.<br><br>Even though they love to forage, they also do well when confined 100% of the time to a coop and fenced chicken yard. For individuals only interested in egg production, I highly recommend White Leghorns.."
From katsglass Jul 21 2015 2:55PM
"The leghorn chicken is a light weight flighty chicken. They aren't particularly good at foraging and they aren't a good looking bird. <br>They are good egg layers often laying 250-300 eggs a year. The lay white eggs. White eggs are the exact same as brown eggs except for the pigment in the egg shell. Nutrition wise they are exactly the same but consumers believe that brown eggs are superior. <br>Because most consumers want brown eggs these birds have no value in a small farm. Leghorns are decent for a small backyard flock because they lay a lot of eggs and are someone elusive to predators. They also aren't good as a pet because they are very skiddish and flighty.."
From Drhunt20 Sep 25 2015 3:46PM