Leghorn Chicken

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Other common names: Livornese Chicken

The basics:
The Leghorn Chicken originated in Tuscany, Italy and were first exported to the United States in 1852, and then to England in 1870.

According to the American Livestock Breeds Conservancy (ALBC), "Leghorns are active, even ambitious chickens. On range they are splendid foragers and small eaters. The breed is prolific, highly fertile, and hardy. Leghorn chickens lay very large numbers of white eggs – in fact, they lay as well or better than other breeds. It is the combination of hardiness, rate-of-lay, and small appetite that about 1870 turned American poultrymen’s heads and won the Leghorn chicken lasting popularity."

The standard sized Leghorn Chicken is the most popular commercial egg producer in the United States, and in many other countries around the world.

Types: Bantam, Largefowl
Varieties (Single Comb & Rosecomb): Barred, Black, Black Tailed Red, Buff, Columbian, Dark Brown, Gold, Light Brown, Silver, Mille Fluer, White
Uses: Eggs, Ornamental
Bantam: 22 - 26 oz
Largefowl: 4.5 - 6 lbs
Personality: Energetic, alert and afraid of any sudden noise or movement.
Broody: Rarely, occurs with non-white varieties.
Preferred climate: Single Combed Leghorns prefer warm climates. Rosecombs are suitable for any.
Handles confinement: Yes
Egg production: Excellent (5/week)
Egg color: White
Egg size: Extra Large

What else you should know:
The appearance of the Leghorn has a lot to do with which country it is bred in. In the UK, Leghorns are larger, have higher posture, and are only recognized in the color white. In the USA, Leghorns are a bit smaller, and can be productive animals as well as ornamental.

Leghorns are excellent layers, and should be provided with a diet that has sufficient calcium levels. If your feed is not providing enough calcium, consider adding oyster shells to your hens diets. Hens will lay well for their first year, and are often replaced afterwards.


crisp white egg, free range, egg laying maniacs, commercial egg ventures, fantastic egg production


awful meat chickens, flighty, poor nesters, avoid human contact, nervous birds, Leghorn roosters


quick maturity, voracious eaters, fast weight gain, nearly allyearround egg

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