Other common names: Ganoi; Vietnamese Fighting Fowl; Vietnamese Naked Neck Chicken; Vietnamese Ga Noi
The Ga Noi is a hard-feathered, gamefowl breed that is characterized by having no feathers on the neck. It is found in a region of southeast Asia that includes Malaysia, Thailand, Vietnam and Indonesia. The Ga Noi has been bred as a fighting bird and is much closer in appearance to the Red Junglefowl (Gallus gallus), from which all chickens are derived.
Ga Noi has two types, the naked neck and the feathered neck. However even feathered neck versions have naked necks when young. Formally the naked neck bird is termed Ga Noi Don (but Ga Noi is the usual shorthand). Ga Noi are unusual naked neck chickens in that, in colder climes, after 1 year of age the chickens may develop downy neck feathers.
Archeological evidence suggests that the naked neck mutation first occurred in the Malay Chicken, which itself came from India (as either the greater Malay or Asil breeds — there is great confusion here as the Malay chicken originates in Malaysia, but the greater Malay is found in Pakistan and Malayoid chickens are known throughout south Asia, southeast Asia and Indonesia). Though the naked neck form is not common in Malaysia today, they can still be found as local chickens. However, the breed, which is very tolerant to heat made its way to the neighbouring countries and is very common in Vietnam, where it's called the Ga Noi (the Vietnamese do, however, maintain it is a native breed). The situation is further complicated as the Ga Noi has been exported all over south east Asia and interbred with local chickens. As a result, the true first Malayoid naked neck bird of the region may never be known and may even be technically extinct. Today the Ga Noi is the closest we have to the archetype of the original naked neck chicken.
Varieties (Pea Comb): Black, Black Breasted Red, Spangled, and many more
Uses: Fighting, Meat
Weight: 2.8 - 5 kg
Personality: Wild and wary of most people, but will learn to trust their handler. Amongst other fowl, the Ga Noi is highly aggressive, and roosters must be raised separately.
Handles confinement: No
Preferred climate: Warm
Eggs: The old fashioned fighters lay 30 - 50 eggs/year. Chinese crosses can lay up to 100 eggs/year.
What else you should know:
The bird's genetics are made more complex as, along with the Naked Neck trait they also possess the Late Feather trait which means that they do not develop their full plumage until late in the adolescent bird's development and regions apart form the neck (such as under the wings, the thighs and the breast remain unfeathered).
Takes around 15 months to mature.