Other common names: Deshi Naked Neck (Bangladesh); Ganji (Pakistan); Bengali Naked Neck; Native Naked Neck
The Desi or Deshi is the village chicken of Pakistan, Northern India and Bangladesh, typically called the 'native chicken'. This chicken typically forms the backbone of the village economy. The term 'desi' originates from sanskrit and means 'region, province or country'. In common parlance it's used to refer to the people, cultures, and products of the Indian subcontinent. When applied to chickens it has the connotation of 'village, local or native'. In terms of genetics these chickens are characterized as D. Nana (Naked Neck, Desi type).
It is believed that chickens originated in the Indus Valley of India, and India has both game type and domestic type chickens. The naked neck trait, however, originated in southeast Asia (most probably Malaysia). India has been trading with Asia for millennia so it is possible that naked neck game hens were brought to India by these traders. The Bay of Bengal (where naked neck types predominate) was also one of the stopping-off points of the spice trade, and it is possible that Asiatic Naked Neck gamefowl were brought there by ships of the Dutch East Indies company in the 17th century as their first stop-off point after Malaysia on the route back to Europe.
Whatever the origin, naked neck gamefowl bred with the local domestic chicken breeds and the naked neck trait entered the local population. These chickens, following many generations of natural and human generation were the progenitors of modern desi chickens and the naked neck breed.
Types: Bantam, Largefowl
Varieties (Single Comb): Color varies amongst each individual.
Uses: Eggs, Meat
Weight: 2 - 3 lbs
Personality: The Desi Naked Neck is raised as a semi-wild bird. Yet, it will quickly become used to humans and rather tame if frequently handled.
Preferred climate: Warm
Handles confinement: Yes
Egg production: Poor (1/week)
Egg color: Brown
Egg size: Small
What else you should know:
Desi naked necks are heat tolerant and require less feed than other chickens, but they mature late, with the average age when they lay their first eggs being 234 days. They retain the laying pattern of the ancestral gamefowl antecedents, producing about 55 eggs per year, divided into three clutches under traditional scavenging management practices. When farmed more intensively, egg production can double.