Tuli cattle are a medium-sized breed developed in southern Africa from Sanga cattle. Sanga cattle are believed to have originated in the 7th century from the crossbreeding of indigenous African cattle with Zebu cattle, which were brought to Africa during the Umayyad Muslim invasion.
According to the Tuli Breeders' Society of South Africa, "In the early 1940's in Southern Rhodesia (present day Zimbabwe) the Government was promoting a cattle improvement scheme whereby bulls from imported European breeds were made available to the indigenous people. The idea was to "improve" the indigenous cattle stock. Mr Len Harvey, a South African born agricultural advisor working for the Government... had previously noticed that among the Tswana type cattle, in the south western corner of Zimbabwe where he was posted, there was a particular yellow type of sanga, consistently in good condition and seemingly better adapted to the environment. It took him four years to sell his idea to the powers that be but in 1945 3000 acre of ground in the Tribal Trust area 40km south west of Gwanda was set aside for a cattle breeding program with the "revolutionary" aim to improve the indigenous cattle through a process of selection instead of crossbreeding. The necessary infra structure was laid on and in 1946/47 the first group of 20 cows and a bull was bought from the locals and established on the farm. Within months new arrivals brought the numbers up to 60 cows and two bulls. In time the farm on the Guyu Creek, a tributary of the Tuli River, became known as the T.B.S (Tuli Breeding Station)."
The Tuli Breed Society of Zimbabwe was formed in 1961. Tuli cattle were imported into South Africa in the 1970’s and are affiliated to the South Africa Stud Book. The Tuli was introduced to Australia in 1990, and in 1991, Tuli semen was imported into the United States for research by a number of universities and branches of the United States Department of Agriculture.
Appearance / health:
Tuli cattle have a small thoraco-cervical hump and are a solid color - either yellow, golden-brown or red.
Behavior / temperament:
Tulis are known for their early maturity, docile nature, good mothering ability and high fertility, and they can withstand intense heat without showing signs of stress. Due to their unique genotype, Tulis offer the maximum hybrid vigor in a crossbreeding program.
Housing / diet:
Tuli Cattle are extremely tolerant to heat, insects and "nutritional stress".
uninproved grazing, harsh bushveld, Low maintenance, parasite tolerance
Tuli cattle in marginal areas.
Having bred Tuli cattle in the harsh bushveld of Zimbabwe and North Carolina in U.S.A. I found them to be the best breed for the uninproved grazing, heat and parasite tolerance, fertility and ease of calving. Low maintenance was a major consideration, as I had a full time job in both these situations, docility essential, as my disabled son worked with them during the day, taking them their salt/minerals, filling water troughs, moving paddocks etc. They made a profit where few other breeds would have coped.
From Andy H Oct 19 2009 4:12PM