Texas Longhorn Cattle

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The basics:
The Texas Longhorn is a cattle breed which is distinguished by its exceptionally long horns and its ability to survive in hot, sparse terrain with little supplemental feed. The Texas Longhorn was developed in southern Texas in the early 1800's,
and is a descendant of Spanish, English and Mexican cattle.

According to the International Texas Longhorn Association (iTLA), "Although "Mexican" cattle of the long horned variety provided the basic strain, historian J. Frank Dobie documented that an infiltration of cattle of mongrel American blood contributed to the evolution of the Texas Longhorn. Dobie estimated the Texas Longhorn evolved as 80% Spanish influence and 20% mongrel influence."

Today, the Texas Longhorn is favored for its hardiness, easy birthing, lean meat, high fertility, docile temperament and nostalgic link to American history. The Miniature Texas Longhorn is just 1/3 the size of normal Texas Longhorns, and has its own breed registry.

Appearance / health:
Texas Longhorns are medium to large cattle characterized by the horns on both sexes. Steers can grow horns averaging 4 feet long from tip to tip. Horns on some cows and bulls grow up to 86 inches long. Horns come in different sizes and shapes, including flat, curved, and double or triple twisted. Texas Longhorns are also known for not having uniform colors or markings.
Like other livestock, cattle require regular vaccinations and inoculations (for example, rabies inoculations) for disease prevention and health management. Similar to other mammals, cows can suffer a variety of ailments and health issues. A veterinarian should be on call and provide regular checkups and monitoring for the entire herd.

Behavior / temperament:
Cattle are docile animals that have strong maternal instincts. They are big and bulky, and could, therefore, inflict harm without intending to. Handling and brushing them constantly while juvenile will help train them to be calm and trusting around humans, which is helpful especially when they need to be attended to by the veterinarian or groomer.

Housing / diet:
Housing for cattle is essentially to give them shelter from extreme weather conditions. Barns, rub-in sheds, stalls, and other structures like windbreaks, should be available where the cows graze. Aside from manmade shelters, trees and tall bushes can provide resting places for cattle to minimize heat stroke or wind chill.

Shelters will give the cows the option to seek safe haven from strong winds, extreme heat or cold, and heavy rains. Shelters should be strong, stable, spacious, well ventilated, and waterproof. Barns should be provided with water supply, and stalls should be lined with hay. They should also be cleaned regularly.

Sprinklers and other cooling systems are recommended for areas that overheat during summer months. Professional and humane fencing should be provided. All poisonous plants should be removed from the pasture; and hay should always be kept dry (wet hay grows molds, becoming a health hazard for cows).

A good quality pasture for grazing is the basic dietary requirement of cattle. The recommended pasture size per cow is 10 acres, without which, the diet should be supplemented with hay. The recommended quantity of hay is an average of 2% of the animal’s body weight per day (or 2 lbs. of hay per 100 lbs. of body weight). Supplements include grain mixes, protein and mineral cubes, and salt blocks, depending on the type of cow, its uses, and the local climate.

Providing a constant supply of fresh water is essential. An adult cow consumes an estimate of up to 20 gallons of water per day.


majestic presence, looooong horns, exceptional foragers, beef producers


intimidating, lean animal


cholesterol, great Riding Steers, mesquite trees, willing attitude, colder climate

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