Other common names: Mini Hereford
Hereford Cattle originated in Herefordshire, England in the mid-1700's when farmers needed to produce more beef to meet the demand. Hereford's were first introduced to the United States in the early 1800's and have since become a popular meat cattle not only in southwest USA, but also in Central America, Australia, and New Zealand, where they are the largest registered breed.
In the late 1960s, Point of Rocks Ranch in Fort Davis, Texas used certified dwarf-free Hereford bloodlines to create the Miniature Hereford cattle we know today. By 1989 breeding stock was available for sale.
Appearance / health:
The Hereford is distinguished by its yellowish brown to deep red body color highlighted by a white head, neck, dewlap, belly, and tail. For a bovine to be classified as a Miniature Hereford, they are scored by frame. Most Miniature Hereford frames range from 38 to 43 inches at the hip.
Like other livestock, cattle require regular vaccinations and inoculations (for example, rabies inoculations) for disease prevention and health management. Similar to other mammals, cows can suffer a variety of ailments and health issues. A veterinarian should be on call and provide regular checkups and monitoring for the entire herd.
Behavior / temperament:
Cattle are docile animals that have strong maternal instincts. They are big and bulky, and could, therefore, inflict harm without intending to. Handling and brushing them constantly while juvenile will help train them to be calm and trusting around humans, which is helpful especially when they need to be attended to by the veterinarian or groomer.
Housing / diet:
Housing for cattle is essentially to give them shelter from extreme weather conditions. Barns, rub-in sheds, stalls, and other structures like windbreaks, should be available where the cows graze. Aside from manmade shelters, trees and tall bushes can provide resting places for cattle to minimize heat stroke or wind chill.
Shelters will give the cows the option to seek safe haven from strong winds, extreme heat or cold, and heavy rains. Shelters should be strong, stable, spacious, well ventilated, and waterproof. Barns should be provided with water supply, and stalls should be lined with hay. They should also be cleaned regularly.
Sprinklers and other cooling systems are recommended for areas that overheat during summer months. Professional and humane fencing should be provided. All poisonous plants should be removed from the pasture; and hay should always be kept dry (wet hay grows molds, becoming a health hazard for cows).
A good quality pasture for grazing is the basic dietary requirement of cattle. The recommended pasture size per cow is 10 acres, without which, the diet should be supplemented with hay. The recommended quantity of hay is an average of 2% of the animal’s body weight per day (or 2 lbs. of hay per 100 lbs. of body weight). Supplements include grain mixes, protein and mineral cubes, and salt blocks, depending on the type of cow, its uses, and the local climate.
Providing a constant supply of fresh water is essential. An adult cow consumes an estimate of up to 20 gallons of water per day.
Trumbull Prairie Ranch
Why Miniature Herefords
Trumbull Prairie Ranch has chosen to raise Miniature Hereford cattle for a number of reasons. We believe that there is a demand in agriculture today for a smaller frame beef animal and we think that Miniature Herefords fit this demand the best.
The reasons for miniature cattle are as follows:
Miniature cattle require less space per head, which in turn means you can have more head per acre, thereby spreading your risk.
Miniature cattle require less feed per head, which translate into less cost to carry a cow over to the next year.
The facilities (gates, fences, etc.) needed to handle miniature cattle can be smaller and lighter in scale, thereby saving you capital on your initial investments and maintenance costs.
Handling miniature cattle is much less intimidating than full size cattle, especially for the young person or beginner.
The reasons for Miniature Herefords are as follows:
Miniature Herefords are one of the largest breeds, in number, of all miniature cattle, thereby allowing Trumbull Prairie Ranch a large pool of high quality animals to chose from.
Hereford cattle, in general, are one of the most docile breeds of cattle, making them ideal for youngsters and inexperience people to handle.
Hereford cattle are also know for their marbling, which is what makes beef taste so good.
Hereford cows are wonderful mothers, requiring little assistance, which saves on labor and costs.
The final reason is tradition. Hereford cattle were and are symbolic of the beef industry. There is nothing prettier than a field or pasture full of red cattle with white faces!
Trumbull Prairie Ranch is producing beef for agriculture in the 21st. century the way it was done in the 18th century. If you think we can help you, come by and see us or give us a call at (618) 729-3889.
From tbruyle5 Sep 19 2011 4:20PM