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Limousin Cattle

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The basics:
Limousin cattle are an ancient breed which are native to the regions of Limousin and Marche in south central France. Because of the difficult terrain it originated in, the Limousin developed into an adaptable, hardy breed. Today, the Limousin are both efficient free-range foragers and are also able to quickly convert feed into mass in feedlots. Limousins are known for their muscular build, feed efficiency, ease of management and calving ease.

The Limousin was brought to Canada in 1968, and to the United States in 1971. The North American Limousin Foundation (NALF), founded in 1968 is presently the largest Limousin association in the world.

Appearance / health:
Limousin Cattle are a golden red color, with lighter coloring around the nose, eyes and around their midsections. The coat is short and curly in winter and sleek in summer. They are usually medium bodied and well-muscled. They are massive in the front with a medium shoulder hump and large hind quarters, though narrow through the flank area. The heavy musculature of the Limousin is a highly heritable trait, and they are considered an excellent source for introducing mass into the lighter breeds while maintaining relatively low birth weights.

Like other livestock, cattle require regular vaccinations and inoculations (for example, rabies inoculations) for disease prevention and health management. Similar to other mammals, cows can suffer a variety of ailments and health issues. A veterinarian should be on call and provide regular checkups and monitoring for the entire herd.

Behavior / temperament:
Since 1968, Limousin have been bred to have a docile temperament, and this is what they are known for today.

Housing / diet:
Housing for cattle is essentially to give them shelter from extreme weather conditions. Barns, rub-in sheds, stalls, and other structures like windbreaks, should be available where the cows graze. Aside from manmade shelters, trees and tall bushes can provide resting places for cattle to minimize heat stroke or wind chill.

Shelters will give the cows the option to seek safe haven from strong winds, extreme heat or cold, and heavy rains. Shelters should be strong, stable, spacious, well ventilated, and waterproof. Barns should be provided with water supply, and stalls should be lined with hay. They should also be cleaned regularly.

Sprinklers and other cooling systems are recommended for areas that overheat during summer months. Professional and humane fencing should be provided. All poisonous plants should be removed from the pasture; and hay should always be kept dry (wet hay grows molds, becoming a health hazard for cows).

A good quality pasture for grazing is the basic dietary requirement of cattle. The recommended pasture size per cow is 10 acres, without which, the diet should be supplemented with hay. The recommended quantity of hay is an average of 2% of the animal’s body weight per day (or 2 lbs. of hay per 100 lbs. of body weight). Supplements include grain mixes, protein and mineral cubes, and salt blocks, depending on the type of cow, its uses, and the local climate.

Providing a constant supply of fresh water is essential. An adult cow consumes an estimate of up to 20 gallons of water per day.

wonderful

Strategic Crossbreeding, Limousin cross calves, beef suckler herd, cold climates, experienced handlers

challenging

extreme heat, hot temperament traits, starter breed

interesting

lifetime cow productivity, Continental breeds, Limousin Foundation NALF, hardy breed, lean meat quality

Limousin Cattle Health Tip

Limousin Cattle

From DLlE Sep 15 2012 9:46AM

4/5

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