Jersey Cattle were originally bred in the Channel Island of Jersey, as descendants of local breeds from the Normandy mainland. To maintain the purity of the Jersey breed, importation of foreign breeds of cattle was prohibited in the late 1700s, lasting more than 200 years. Jersey cattle were first brought to the United States in the mid-1800s. Eventually, because of the breed’s tolerance to wide ranges of climates and habitats, Jersey cattle became common in Australia, New Zealand, Canada, Japan, South Africa, and South America.
Jersey Cattle are popular for the high butterfat content of their milk, and for their gentle disposition.
Appearance / health:
Jersey cows are relatively small cows that come in a wide range of colors from light gray to brown and tan to almost black. The muzzle is light brown, the tip of the tail is dark brown, and the hooves are black. A dark shade of color is typically seen on the hips and shoulders. Some are solid in color, while others have broken patterns.
Being small, Jersey cows are favored for their low maintenance and effective high yield of milk compared to their body size and feeding requirements.
Like other livestock, cattle require regular vaccinations and inoculations (for example, rabies inoculations) for disease prevention and health management. Similar to other mammals, cows can suffer a variety of ailments and health issues. A veterinarian should be on call and provide regular checkups and monitoring for the entire herd.
Behavior / temperament:
Cattle are docile animals that have strong maternal instincts. They are big and bulky, and could, therefore, inflict harm without intending to. Handling and brushing them constantly while juvenile will help train them to be calm and trusting around humans, which is helpful especially when they need to be attended to by the veterinarian or groomer.
Jersey cows are favored for their small size, docile temperament, and ability to thrive even in hot climates. Bulls are known to be somewhat aggressive.
Housing / diet:
Housing for cattle is essentially to give them shelter from extreme weather conditions. Barns, rub-in sheds, stalls, and other structures like windbreaks, should be available where the cows graze. Aside from manmade shelters, trees and tall bushes can provide resting places for cattle to minimize heat stroke or wind chill.
Shelters will give the cows the option to seek safe haven from strong winds, extreme heat or cold, and heavy rains. Shelters should be strong, stable, spacious, well ventilated, and waterproof. Barns should be provided with water supply, and stalls should be lined with hay. They should also be cleaned regularly.
Sprinklers and other cooling systems are recommended for areas that overheat during summer months. Professional and humane fencing should be provided. All poisonous plants should be removed from the pasture; and hay should always be kept dry (wet hay grows molds, becoming a health hazard for cows).
A good quality pasture for grazing is the basic dietary requirement of cattle. The recommended pasture size per cow is 10 acres, without which, the diet should be supplemented with hay. The recommended quantity of hay is an average of 2% of the animal’s body weight per day (or 2 lbs. of hay per 100 lbs. of body weight). Supplements include grain mixes, protein and mineral cubes, and salt blocks, depending on the type of cow, its uses, and the local climate.
Providing a constant supply of fresh water is essential. An adult cow consumes an estimate of up to 20 gallons of water per day.
maternal instinct, easy calvers, butterfat yields, Smallscale Milk Production, lower feed requirements
Cranky Cows, milk fever, bloat, grass staggers, mastitis
good meat crosses, easy keeper, big brown eyes, different climates, family milk cow
The curious cow
Jersey cows are one of the best looking bovines, they are brown or fawn with black muzzles. The Jersey females are extremely docile if bred around humans. The bulls on the other hand have a reputation for being one of the most aggressive. They are known to be the most curious breed and usually are the troublemakers of the heard. They are the easy to calve and the females reach their reproductive age earlier than other cow breeds.
They are the smallest dairy bovine, the males can weigh between 540kg-820kg and the females can weigh between 400 kg- 500 kg. These cows are a great asset to any farm because of their ability to adapt to any climate; they also produce more milk than any of dairy bovine and on less feed. The Jersey cow’s milk is 18% higher in protein and 20% higher in calcium. The milk is also high in butterfat, this makes the milk taste even better.
This breed is one of my favourite to work with if you thinking of getting a dairy cow look no further these guys are full of entertainment, affection and fantastic milk producers..
From Brianne87 Jan 3 2016 7:09AM
Great Backyard or Dairy Herd Choice
Jerseys are among the top breeds for production dairy herds and are known for a good amount of production, but moreover for their butterfat and elements. While Holsteins are the top choice more often, some herds do focus solely on Jerseys for their quality and efficiency and others will mix in a percentage of Jerseys to bring up butterfat contents to get dividends for milk elements.
For the backyard homestead, the Jersey is our cow of choice, hands-down. They make more than enough milk for a family and have excellent (incomparable, in my opinion) butterfat and solids for diverse uses ranging from light cream to butter and cheese with a strong curd that is easy to work with. The volume of butterfat makes it cost-effective to keep this cow and use their milk in numerous ways to help pay for its upkeep.
Because Jerseys are smaller in body they have much lower feed requirements, thereby increasing the efficiency of their production above and beyond the larger breeds. our Jerseys have produced well and consistently throughout their lactations on a good quality hay and very little grain..
From MaryW Jul 19 2014 8:42AM
Marigold our Jersey
Marigold, our Jersey cow is not very easy to work with. She gives copious quantities of beautiful, healthy raw milk with loads of butterfat, but getting it out of her is not easy. She likes to prance in the stall, especially when she is finished with her food and wants out. We have tied her legs together in the past, and she gets out of the ropes. We have tied them tighter, and once I thought she was going to fall over. So she was not easy for us to handle. Jersey bulls are mean too. They are a smaller cow/bull, but they can be hard to handle. .
From rnlumber Jun 5 2012 11:34PM