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Dutch Belted Cattle

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Other common names: Lakenvelder Cattle; Dutch Lakenvelder

The basics:
The Dutch Belted Cattle breed is an old dairy cattle breed which was developed in the Netherlands. According to the Dutch Belted Cattle Association of America, "The Dutch Belted breed traces directly to the original belted cattle which were described in Switzerland and Austria. The breed was then established in the Netherlands in the 17th century. From the records obtainable, it seems they were bred by the nobility who conceived the idea of breeding animals of all kinds to a particular color, mainly with a band of white in the center and both ends black. For over 100 years they and their descendants worked upon this striking color marking until they produced belted cattle, rabbits, goats, poultry, and swine."

Appearance / health:
According to the Dutch Belted Cattle Association of America, "Dutch Belteds are efficient animals of moderate size between Holsteins and Jerseys. Cows weigh from 900-1500 pounds with bulls bulls weighing 1350-2000 pounds. They are black, or occasionally red, with a dazzling white belt around the middle. This belt should begin a little back of the shoulder and extend not quite to the hips and entirely around the body. Intelligence and friendly disposition make Dutch Belted cattle an excellent choice for family farms, rotational grazing, and other systems where ease of handling is valued."

Like other livestock, cattle require regular vaccinations and inoculations (for example, rabies inoculations) for disease prevention and health management. Similar to other mammals, cows can suffer a variety of ailments and health issues. A veterinarian should be on call and provide regular checkups and monitoring for the entire herd.

Housing / diet:
Housing for cattle is essentially to give them shelter from extreme weather conditions. Barns, rub-in sheds, stalls, and other structures like windbreaks, should be available where the cows graze. Aside from manmade shelters, trees and tall bushes can provide resting places for cattle to minimize heat stroke or wind chill.

Shelters will give the cows the option to seek safe haven from strong winds, extreme heat or cold, and heavy rains. Shelters should be strong, stable, spacious, well ventilated, and waterproof. Barns should be provided with water supply, and stalls should be lined with hay. They should also be cleaned regularly.

Sprinklers and other cooling systems are recommended for areas that overheat during summer months. Professional and humane fencing should be provided. All poisonous plants should be removed from the pasture; and hay should always be kept dry (wet hay grows molds, becoming a health hazard for cows).

A good quality pasture for grazing is the basic dietary requirement of cattle. The recommended pasture size per cow is 10 acres, without which, the diet should be supplemented with hay. The recommended quantity of hay is an average of 2% of the animal’s body weight per day (or 2 lbs. of hay per 100 lbs. of body weight). Supplements include grain mixes, protein and mineral cubes, and salt blocks, depending on the type of cow, its uses, and the local climate.

Providing a constant supply of fresh water is essential. An adult cow consumes an estimate of up to 20 gallons of water per day.

wonderful

best looking cows, white belt

challenging

dairy breeds, poor conformation

interesting

oreo cow

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