Other common names: Beltie
The Belted Galloway is a breed of polled (hornless) beef cattle originating from Galloway in southwest Scotland. The exact origins of the breed are unclear, although it is generally thought that the white "belt" that distinguishes the Belted Galloway from the native black Galloway, was a result of cross breeding with Dutch Belted Cattle in the 18th century.
The Miniature Belted Galloway Cattle is a smaller version of the full sized Belted Galloway Cattle.
Belted Galloways, also known as Belties, are currently listed with the American Livestock Breeds Conservancy as a "watched" breed, which means there are fewer than 2,500 annual registrations in the United States and a global population of less than 10,000. In 2007 they were formally removed from the UK Rare Breeds Survival Trust's watch list, having recovered sufficiently from the devastation of the foot and mouth crisis of the early 2000's, to have reached in excess of 1500 registered breeding females.
Appearance / health:
Galloway cattle are naturally polled. The most visible characteristics of the Belted Galloway are its long hair coat and the broad white belt that completely encircles the body. Its coarse outer coat helps shed the rain, and its soft undercoat provides insulation and waterproofing, enabling the breed to happily overwinter outside. Black Belties are most prominent, but Dun and Red Belties are also recognized by breed societies, the latter being comparatively rare and sought after.
Like other livestock, cattle require regular vaccinations and inoculations (for example, rabies inoculations) for disease prevention and health management. Similar to other mammals, cows can suffer a variety of ailments and health issues. A veterinarian should be on call and provide regular checkups and monitoring for the entire herd.
Behavior / temperament:
Cattle are docile animals that have strong maternal instincts. They are big and bulky, and could, therefore, inflict harm without intending to. Handling and brushing them constantly while juvenile will help train them to be calm and trusting around humans, which is helpful especially when they need to be attended to by the veterinarian or groomer.
Housing / diet:
Housing for cattle is essentially to give them shelter from extreme weather conditions. Barns, rub-in sheds, stalls, and other structures like windbreaks, should be available where the cows graze. Aside from manmade shelters, trees and tall bushes can provide resting places for cattle to minimize heat stroke or wind chill.
Shelters will give the cows the option to seek safe haven from strong winds, extreme heat or cold, and heavy rains. Shelters should be strong, stable, spacious, well ventilated, and waterproof. Barns should be provided with water supply, and stalls should be lined with hay. They should also be cleaned regularly.
Sprinklers and other cooling systems are recommended for areas that overheat during summer months. Professional and humane fencing should be provided. All poisonous plants should be removed from the pasture; and hay should always be kept dry (wet hay grows molds, becoming a health hazard for cows).
A good quality pasture for grazing is the basic dietary requirement of cattle. The recommended pasture size per cow is 10 acres, without which, the diet should be supplemented with hay. The recommended quantity of hay is an average of 2% of the animal’s body weight per day (or 2 lbs. of hay per 100 lbs. of body weight). Supplements include grain mixes, protein and mineral cubes, and salt blocks, depending on the type of cow, its uses, and the local climate.
Providing a constant supply of fresh water is essential. An adult cow consumes an estimate of up to 20 gallons of water per day.
hardy breed, low maintenance, docile personality, truly excellent beef, handsome cattle
dairy cows, quantity, grain costs
disease resistant, outstanding hides, rotational grazing, good foragers, Oreo cookie cows
Belted Galloways.....the beautiful beef breed!
We have raised Belted Galloways for over 20 years and have enjoyed the breed. They are a beautifully packaged beef breed! Naturally polled, no horns, easy keepers that are energy efficent, too. Belties are medium framed cattle that are good foragers. We do rotational grazing which works well with them. We are happy to be raising a heritage breed, that is making a come back. They come in three colors, red, dun and black. My grandchildren are now showing them in 4-H. The meat is lean, tasty and well marbeled. We could have chosen any breed but we feel the Belted Galloways have been perfect for our farm and family. .
From kathi jurkowski Nov 19 2011 8:40AM
Belted Galloway Cattle
I work with these cattle nearly everyday as a part time job. They are very distinctive with the white around the middle of them. These cattle grow very quickly into big cattle. This being said, they require more feed. If you are using, these cattle for milk, they produce a heavier milk. I recommend these cattle for meat though. Personally, I find it to have more flavor. This meat has low fat and can be considered healthy. As far as the cattle themselves, they are even tempered and not difficult to deal with. In the winter they have a harder time dealing with cold than other breeds, so I have to keep an eye on that. I highly recommend these long living cattle purely because of their meat..
From Abby299 Jan 22 2015 4:57PM
Where's the milk with the Oreos?
Belted Galloway cattle are often referred to as Oreo cookie cows, due to their color pattern. We liked the way these looked and decided to get a couple. As dairy cows, they aren't very good. They do produce milk, but the quality and quantity leaves a lot to be desired.
Just one of our Brown Swiss cows produced more milk in a day than 4 Belted Galloway cows together.
Belted Galloway are better suited for beef. Their meat is fine to medium textured with marbling similar to Angus. The flavor gets better if the meat is aged before cooking. Belted Galloway get quite large, Bulls can easily top 1800 - 2000 lbs. Cows around 1500 lbs. 1300 lbs dressed is not impossible.
The problem with raising these for beef is the cost. There aren't a lot of Belted Galloways in the USA. That makes calves very pricey. The cost of feeding them for beef can be large , as grain costs are rising rapidly. If you know without a doubt that you can sell the meat for more than $15 per pound, you might break even..
From PeggyG Apr 14 2015 4:40PM