Developed through a breeding program that started in 1908 in Texas, the Beefmaster is the descendant of multiple crosses of the Brahman (of the Gir and Guzerat lineage) with Hereford and Shorthorn cattle. It is said that at some point, the Brazilian Nellore was introduced to the mix. This composite breed was given the name Beefmaster in the 1930s and recognized by the USDA in 1954. The “all-purpose” Beefmasters currently compose the fifth largest breed registry in the United States.
Appearance / health:
The development of the Beefmaster breed was primarily based on characteristics that improve the productivity of the cattle, which are: weight, conformation, milking ability, fertility, hardiness, and disposition. Because of this, the Beefmaster has no particularly distinguishing feature in terms of color, presence of horns, or type of hide. Typically, the Beefmaster has the loose skin folds and polled characteristic similar to the Brahman. The body is muscular, hardy, and able to repel insects.
Like other livestock, cattle require regular vaccinations and inoculations (for example, rabies inoculations) for disease prevention and health management. Similar to other mammals, cows can suffer a variety of ailments and health issues. A veterinarian should be on call and provide regular checkups and monitoring for the entire herd.
Behavior / temperament:
Cattle are docile animals that have strong maternal instincts. They are big and bulky, and could, therefore, inflict harm without intending to. Handling and brushing them constantly while juvenile will help train them to be calm and trusting around humans, which is helpful especially when they need to be attended to by the veterinarian or groomer.
Housing / diet:
Housing for cattle is essentially to give them shelter from extreme weather conditions. Barns, rub-in sheds, stalls, and other structures like windbreaks, should be available where the cows graze. Aside from manmade shelters, trees and tall bushes can provide resting places for cattle to minimize heat stroke or wind chill.
Shelters will give the cows the option to seek safe haven from strong winds, extreme heat or cold, and heavy rains. Shelters should be strong, stable, spacious, well ventilated, and waterproof. Barns should be provided with water supply, and stalls should be lined with hay. They should also be cleaned regularly.
Sprinklers and other cooling systems are recommended for areas that overheat during summer months. Professional and humane fencing should be provided. All poisonous plants should be removed from the pasture; and hay should always be kept dry (wet hay grows molds, becoming a health hazard for cows).
A good quality pasture for grazing is the basic dietary requirement of cattle. The recommended pasture size per cow is 10 acres, without which, the diet should be supplemented with hay. The recommended quantity of hay is an average of 2% of the animal’s body weight per day (or 2 lbs. of hay per 100 lbs. of body weight). Supplements include grain mixes, protein and mineral cubes, and salt blocks, depending on the type of cow, its uses, and the local climate.
Providing a constant supply of fresh water is essential. An adult cow consumes an estimate of up to 20 gallons of water per day.
physical traits, nice lean beef, Beefmaster bull
Beefmaster, el mejor para climas difíciles
La raza beefmaster es una que trabaja muy bien en climas y ambientes complicados. Para zonas de garrapata y humedad relativa media es ideal. Tolera muy bien el calor y el crecimiento diario con una dieta basada en pasto y agua da resultados fenomenales. En el norte de México tenemos de los mejores criadores de esta raza. Aun y cuando su apariencia no es uniforme por el "breedcrossing" se pueden conseguir lotes muy parejos dependiendo el manejo que se le de. Las pariciones son buenas y las madres procuran sus cría haciendo su desarrollo mejor. Los animales de la raza Beefmaster son de gran talla, disponen de cuernos y alcanzan índices de crecimiento elevado. Resisten climas variados y se muestran afanosos por lograr el alimento. Rinden canales de magnífica condición. La piel es suelta y el color del pelaje es rojo castaño. Como ventajas de la raza Beefmaster se pueden citar las siguientes: Los animales son grandes y musculosos, resisten condiciones climáticas variadas, el índice de crecimiento es elevado, son muy aptos para el agostadero, buen rendimiento en canal, cierta resistencia a las garrapatas, buena producción láctea.
From ganaderiamex May 7 2013 8:19AM
Not the Best nor the Worst
I won't say that any breed of cattle are particularly smart, but the Beefmaster bull I worked with made some cows look like they should be members of MENSA. He was always getting lost in his own pasture and sometimes we had to show him where the water source was. Again. During storms when other cows headed for shelter, he would panic and run in circles, sometimes running into trees or through fences.
But, he wasn't chosen for his intellect, but rather his ability to breed quality calves. And that was one thing he could do without any help from humans. Although he was cross-bred to Hereford and Santa Gertrudis cows most often, the calves tended to resemble Beefmasters predominantly. They carried the same qualities too, weighing heavy and growing fast.
Beefmaster calves are a little hard for smaller cows to deliver, especially if it is their first time. The calves grow well though, and whether purebred or cross-bred the Beefmasters were extremely hardy in both cold and hot weather. Because they weigh heavy when weaned, the calves sell well at market. Sometimes they are docked a few points due to physical traits such as their very small ears.
They forage well and can thrive even on poor drought grass during the summer. They will need extra supplemental feed in winter, more than some breeds. But everything they eat goes straight to muscle, creating a nice lean beef with just the right amount of marbling..
From JKinsey Mar 3 2014 7:16PM