Ayrshire Cattle

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Other common names: Dunlop cattle; Cunninghame cattle

The basics:
The Ayrshire cattle breed originated in the County of Ayr in Scotland, sometime before 1800. The breed was first brought to the United States by Henry W. Hills, of Windsor, Connecticut around 1822.

Appearance / health:
Ayrshires are reddish-brown and white. The red can be an orange to a dark brown, with or without colored legs. The color markings vary from nearly all red to nearly all white.

Like other livestock, cattle require regular vaccinations and inoculations (for example, rabies inoculations) for disease prevention and health management. Similar to other mammals, cows can suffer a variety of ailments and health issues. A veterinarian should be on call and provide regular checkups and monitoring for the entire herd.

Behavior / temperament:
Cattle are docile animals that have strong maternal instincts. They are big and bulky, and could, therefore, inflict harm without intending to. Handling and brushing them constantly while juvenile will help train them to be calm and trusting around humans, which is helpful especially when they need to be attended to by the veterinarian or groomer.

Housing / diet:
Ayrshire Cattle are strong and rugged, and excel in foraging for themselves under adverse feeding or climatic conditions.

A good quality pasture for grazing is the basic dietary requirement of cattle. The recommended pasture size per cow is 10 acres, without which, the diet should be supplemented with hay. The recommended quantity of hay is an average of 2% of the animal’s body weight per day (or 2 lbs. of hay per 100 lbs. of body weight). Supplements include grain mixes, protein and mineral cubes, and salt blocks, depending on the type of cow, its uses, and the local climate.

Providing a constant supply of fresh water is essential. An adult cow consumes an estimate of up to 20 gallons of water per day.


great milk cow, nice 4H project, good udders, family cow Ayrshires, long productive life


smaller milk return


moderate size, pretty docile breed, sweet fluid milk, high protein content

Ayrshire Cattle Health Tip

Ayrshire Cattle

From PeggyG Apr 13 2015 5:04PM


Ayrshire Cattle Behavior Tip

Ayrshire Cattle

From MaryW Jul 18 2014 7:31AM


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