Other common names: South African Rock Scorpion
Scientific name: Hadogenes troglodytes
The Flat Rock Scorpion is native to dry, bushveld terrain in South Africa, Zimbabwe and Mozambique. Members of the Hadogenes genus of scorpions are distinguished by their flattened bodies, and very thin and long tails (mesosomas), which enables them to squeeze between rocks.
Appearance / health:
The Flat Rock Scorpion has several different color morphs which is believed to be because of the different locations they are found in. The most common morphs is a dark brown color to a lighter yellow brown color. They have very strange flattened bodies with a very thin tail and large powerful pinchers. This species will reach an adult size up to 7-8 inches.
Behavior / temperament:
The Flat Rock Scorpion is a semi-aggressive but nervous species. It almost never resorts to using it’s tail, but will not hesitate to use it’s powerful claws. This is a common beginners scorpion because of this and are almost always seen in captive collections.
This scorpion should be housed individually and will live nicely in a 5-10 gallon tank. Babies and younger scorpions can be housed in smaller enclosures such as plastic deli cups and small critter keepers.
Temperatures should stay within the range of 75-85F with humidity levels between 70-75%. Substrate is best as a sand and potting soil mix or sand and vermiculite mix. Keep substrate about 2-3 inches deep. A shallow water dish should be provided; jar lids and bottle caps work well. Tank décor should be items that will allow this scorpion ample hiding spots. Slate tiles or rocks can be used, cork bark, branches, and other things may be used.
Adults should get large crickets, cockroaches, super worms, and other large insects. Baby and younger scorpions should be offered pin head crickets, mini mealworms, and other small insects.
When a male and female are introduced the male will quickly grab the females pinchers and begin shaking (known as “juddering”). They will go through a short shoving match and the male will produce a spermatophore and begin positioning the female over it. When the female gets on top of the spermatophore, she will grab it up with her genital opening, then the couple will separate and make a quick retreat usually in opposite directions.
flat body, African beautie, beginner keepers, nice display piece, low maintenance
skittish species, escape artist
energy fighting, scorpion scurry, cork bark, rock crevices, small rocky spots
"These scorpions are smaller than other Scorpions like Emperor Scorpions but are not so small that it makes it hard to look after them. They are found in a humid climate in South Africa and it is important to keep them in a fairly moist setup. Potting soil or peat moss both work well as substrates and then a small very shallow water dish and a rock or piece of wood makes for a great hide away for any rock scorpion. spraying your Scorpion with a gentle mist every couple days is important to ensure that they do not become dehydrated. They can be fed meal worms as youngsters and adult crickets and even pinky mice as adults. They must be kept in a 100 % escape proof plastic container as their is no better escape artist than a scorpion. This species is suitable for beginner keepers and private keepers as their venom has almost no effect on humans, making them a harmless. They are also quite reluctant to sting and prefer to use their pedipalps.."
From RobWedderburn Sep 27 2015 1:36PM
"I got given this animal due to a friend being no longer able keep them at his house. It was in reasonable health and had gone through its final moult, so was a full adult.<br><br>These animals seem to favour tight spaces to make their burrows. You could make a scrape out of rocks for it, just make sure they cannot fall and crush the animal.<br><br>Happy enough on a diet of crickets, though I would suggest a calcium dusting on the crickets, espeacially if dealing with juvenile. As with any scorpion, they are very vulnerable after moulting, and if stressed or disturbed can become stuck in the exuvia and die.<br><br>These scorpions are visually slightly more appealing than the emperor scorpions, and have a much smaller sting. However, I would caution against handling them, as they are quite fragile. <br><br>Squish (so named as he was as flat as the specie name suggests) seemed to be out quite often at night, and was certainly more active than the Emperor scorpions I was also keeping at the time.<br><br>Seemed to do OK with room humidity and an undertank heat mat, however I am unsure if a juvenile would cope with this set up.."
From JDPayne Nov 11 2014 2:09PM
"Flat rock Scorpions are generally found in rock crevices or small rocky spots so their enclosure should represent this. These Scorpions are really aggressive and they are not the type of pet for me. They would make a nice display piece in a home as they are low maintenance. <br>These creatures are not be to messed with by inexperienced handlers and should be kept locked up at all times. They require a tank that they can move around in that contains dried out bark and lots of rocks.<br>I would not recommend this animal to many people.."
From Dean000 Oct 31 2014 12:59AM