Other common names: Arizona Hairy Scorpion; Giant Desert Hairy Scorpion
Scientific name: Hadrurus arizonensis
The Desert Hairy Scorpion is native to the Sonora and Mojave deserts of the American Southwest, areas which include parts of Southern California as well as Sonora and Baja California Norte in Mexico. Hadrurus arizonensis is the largest scorpion in North America and they spend their days in large burrows which may be a long as 2.5 meters (8 feet). They emerge at night to forage for prey and to mate.
Appearance / health:
The Desert Hairy Scorpion has a pale yellow bodyr. Like the common name suggests, this scorpion also has hair on its body.
Behavior / temperament:
Desert Hairy Scorpions are aggressive, fast, and active. However, they have not been known to have high venom levels, so they are often used as beginner pets. Unless the keeper has allergic reactions, stings by this scorpion are not of medical emergency. These are popular scorpions in captivity due to their low toxin level and large size.
Any 2-5 gallon tank is good for one adult scorpion, but larger can be used. Baby and younger scorpions may live in clear plastic containers until they are large enough for the adult enclosure.
Temperatures should be kept around 75-80F with low humidity levels of 55-60%. This species will die if the humidity is too high, so always watch the levels especially if the keeper lives in a humid area. Substrate should be 3-4 inches of sand. No decorations are really needed since these scorpions burrow, but cork flats, bark, and other items may be used to make the tank look nicer and for the scorpion to burrow under.
Adults will readily take crickets, cockroaches, super worms, and other large insects. Baby and younger scorpions may take pin head crickets, mini meal worms, and other small insects.
great addition, favorite scorpion species, voracious eater
painful sting, Feisty little critter, dry conditions, fairly aggressive temperament, local paralysis
nice sandy enclosure, extensive burrow, humidity needs
Extremely Low-Maintenance, Hardy Pet for a Responsible Adult.
This species could best be described as 'bullet proof', and thrives on virtual neglect. I would go so far as to say that folks who have issues with it, are probably fussing over it too much. Overfeeding and watering can be problematic.
This scorpion is A-OK at room temperature, in a nice sandy enclosure with hiding spaces. Give it some water to drink in a shallow dish, once a week, and throw in some crickets once or twice a month. Any more than that, and you will see your scorpion developing an unattractive, bulging, rounded body, which isn't what this animal should really look like.
This scorpion does move around and explore at night, so with a blue light, you may be able to observe it when it is active. It has a fairly aggressive temperament, and thus no attempt should be made to handle this animal. The sting is quite painful, and the venom of this species also may be highly allergenic, which means you want to avoid being stung, as you may develop an allergy to the sting, if it happens. As a result, I couldn't give this species a high rating in general as a pet, but it is an interesting and easy scorpion to keep.
Get an adult. These scorpions DO have serious problems molting in captivity, so reproducing them in captivity is also extremely difficult. If you do have one that is a juvenile, place it into a container with very deep substrate that is moister near the bottom. The scorpion will dig down to the correct level of moisture for it, to molt. You may need to provide several feet of substrate.
These scorpions are susceptible to ill effects from stress, so keep disturbances to a minimum. We unfortunately lost ours when its foot got caught in a resin alligator skull used as a hide and decoration - be extremely cautious of anthing with narrow corners that might catch a foot or a leg. The stress of being trapped proved too much for the scorpion..
From WingedWolfPsion Jan 16 2012 1:07AM
Desert Hairy Scorpion - Hadrurus arizonensis
The Desert Hairy Scorpion (Hadrurus arizonensis) is the largest scorpion in North America and does not have a very potent venom, making it suitable to be kept by beginner to intermediate keepers. They do very well using both gravel and sand as a substrate. Feeding them is very easy and they do well on a diet or crickets and but can be feed roaches and pinky mice. Although this scorpion is big, its venom is not very potent, and its sting is commonly perceived to be about as painful as a honeybee's sting.I would recommend this species for beginners to advanced keepers. I find this species to be very rewarding to keep and a great display animal..
From RobWedderburn Dec 29 2015 3:23AM