Species group: Crossbred horses
The Morab is a relatively new breed of horse which was created by cross-breeding purebred Arabian and Morgan horses. The cross-breeding of Arabians and Morgans was first done in the 1850’s, with the goal of creating a carriage horse that was still hardy and strong enough for moderate farm labor. Golddust, a famous stallion, was bred in 1855 and was the first recorded Morgan / Arabian in the Morgan Registry. Golddust was one of the most famous stallions of his day, and sired 302 foals. Golddust was never defeated in the show ring at the trot, and was said to be able to cover six miles per hour at the flat walk.
However, the true development of the Morab breed began in central California in the 1920’s, at newspaper tycoon William Randolph Hearst’s San Simeon Ranch. There, Hearst crossed Crabbett-bred Arabian stallions to working Morgan mares in an attempt to create a “sure-footed mount” capable of working cattle on the steep hills of his coastal ranch. Hearst coined the name “Morab” to describe this particular breeding program.
According to the Morab breeding formula described by the Purebred Morab Horse Association (PMHA), "any 1st generation Morab can be bred back to an Arabian or Morgan for improvements in type or qualities desired in the Morab. Breeding combinations with Arabians and Morgans produces desired qualities and type so long as there is no more than 75% of Arabian or Morgan blood or less than 25% Arabian or Morgan blood in the resultant Morab."
Pleasure riding, competitive and endurance riding
Appearance / health:
Morab's have a compact build and short back. Like the Arabians, the Morab has one backbone less than most breeds. This shorter back, combined with the longer croup of the Morgan, endows the Morab with great strength and smooth gait. The Morab's hindquarters are generally muscular and powerfully built. The breed's legs are rather thick, due to Morgan-influenced bone structure. They have comparatively short cannon bones, and solid, well-developed hooves.
The Morab's head is generally very refined, and usually includes the Arabian's concave profile, while at the same time having the more muscular jaw and substantial muzzle from the Morgan. The eyes are large, bright, and expressive. Many Morabs have the upright, flagged tail carriage found in the Arab.
All solid colors exist within the Morab breed, with bay, chestnut, and gray being the most common. White markings on the face and legs are acceptable, and are somewhat common.
Behavior / temperament:
The Morab is typically intelligent, dependable and affectionate.
gentle nature, trail rides, lovely gait, Western Pleasure, Morab Endurance
intestinal issues, potentially highstrung Arabian, naughty yearling
cross training, saddle seat, sensible Morgan, nice thick legs, excellent stamina
"I love the cross between the Arab and the Morgan. Both horses are noted for their incredible spirits and can do attitudes. They are both able to go for hours and hours without problems. The combination of the breed puts the sensible Morgan with the heart of an Arabian and you have a winning combination. <br> <br>This cross produces some of the most incredible horses for cross training between English and Western riding...Hunt to Dressage to Western Pleasure and an UNBEATABLE trail mount. They have a lovely gait that can be ridden for hours making them endurance champions. <br> <br>The Morgan is a great child's mount. The gentle nature of this breed seems to meld well with the Arabian. The breeds combined so well, they have a registry. ."
From Heartsong2013 Mar 13 2013 8:48PM
"A morab is a morgan-arabian cross, which, in a lot of ways, is a great mix of horse breeds for a variety of activities. I met my first two morabs while working with a horse rescue. They'd been neglected and untrained, two combinations I hate to see. Especially when they are adult horses that have rarely been handled and so after making sure they were physically ready to start training, I got to it. The Arabian in these horses makes them smart. Not that Morgans are dumb by any means, but Arabians just have that edge. But they're also a bit of a pain sometimes which, thankfully, the Morgan helps mellow out. <br> <br>With all Arabian crosses, you can get those ones that are more shaped like an Arabian which makes finding tack for them more expensive since it is specialized. Morabs are generally a showy cross which excels at a lot of things and you can have a bit of the Arabian refinement without dealing with a potentially high-strung Arabian all the time. Morgans also tend to have a really smooth gait so this is a great trail riding horse for those lazy Sunday afternoons where you can just get lost in the woods for a while. ."
From CoverLove Apr 22 2014 9:06AM