Species group: Catfish
Other common names: Common Pleco; Common Plecostomus; Giant Algae Sucker; Algae Eater; Plec; Pleco
Scientific name: Hypostomus plecostomus
The Suckermouth catfish is native to South America but has since been found in lakes and rivers all over the world, probably due to released pets. They are the most common fish sold for algae control in the aquarium trade. The juveniles are very popular but the adults are often traded back in because they get up to 2 feet long.
Sucker fish prefer algae as juveniles and will need algae wafers for food but as adults they will vacuum up all leftover food on the bottom of the tank and sometimes small sleeping fish at night. They also need a nutrient that comes from wood and should have a piece of wood in the tank to chew on.
These fish are nocturnal and will rarely come out in the daytime unless some really enticing food is dropped in the tank.
The Suckermouth Catfish is a species of Plecostomus which is mostly dark-colored. It has an elongated body with a large head, an under-turned sucker mouth with rasping teeth and barbels on opposite sides, and tiny eyes close to the top of the head. Bony plates protect the body but are absent from the belly, which is soft and flat.
Sucker fish are peaceful but will have a “home” or hiding place under or inside a tank ornament that they defend. Plecos have been seen chewing on the sides (slimy coats) of slow-moving tankmates like discus and angels so best not to house them with these fish. They will also accidentally suck up small fish at night while patrolling the bottom of the tank for food so avoid housing with any small fish that can fit in their mouth.
Because Plecos mature to a full size of about 2 feet, they require relatively large tanks (at least 45 gallons). They also prefer to anchor onto wood décor with their under-turned sucker-type mouths. Aquarium should be well planted and provided with cave-like structures for them to hide in during the day.
6.0 - 7.5
calm slow moving, coolest fish, excellent algae eaters, agressive tank, beautiful fish
large enough tank, EXPERT ONLY fish, larger aquariums, tremendous size, outgrow
hard outer shell/skeleton, chocolate albino, strange mouth, prehistoric kind
A great addition to freshwater aquariums
I have always owned a plecostomus in my freshwater tanks. They are great at cleaning up all the uneaten food from the other fish at the bottom of the aquarium. They will act as a sort of vacuum and clean the gravel or rocks. They also clean the algae off the side of the glass. It's still important to clean the tank regularly, but these fish are awesome filters. They can get very large, so it's important to figure out what to do with a pleco that has outgrown its current environment. They don't mind other fish and I haven't seen other fish bother them, even semi-aggressive. .
From L Sand CVT Feb 28 2018 2:50AM