Species group: Goldfish
Other common names:
Scientific name: Carassius auratus (variety)
The Ryukin Goldfish is a variety of fancy goldfish that is characterized by a dorsal hump that begins right behind the head, and a more pointed head than other varieties of Goldfish. The Ryukin is considered to be a Japanese adaptation of the Fantail Goldfish. Goldfish belong to the Carp family (Cyprinidae), and are some of the most commonly kept aquarium and outdoor pond fish. Goldfish are a domesticated version of a less-colorful Carp (Carassius auratus) and were first domesticated in China more than a thousand years ago. The Ryukin Goldfish is a very hardy fish and can be selected as a beginner fish. It is a very active fish and though it can live with other species of Goldfish, it is not compatible with weaker species such as the Telescope Goldfish and Bubble Eye Goldfish, which could be bullied by the stronger Ryukin Goldfish. Lionhead Goldfish, Oranda Goldfish, and Ranchu Goldfish are more appropriate as companions since they are more gregarious by nature.
The Ryukin Goldfish come in deep-red, red-and-white, red-and-black, red-white-black, white, iron, blue, greenish, chocolate, and calico varieties. The calico colored Ryukin Goldfish usually has a much smaller hump. The Tetsu Onaga is a rare iron-colored variety. They have very round bodies, a fat belly, and a wider caudal fin than the Fantail Goldfish. They may be long-finned or short-finned and the dorsal fin is high. The caudal fin may be twice as long as the body and may have three or four lobes. They have evenly paired anal, ventral, and pectoral fins. A long-tailed version of the Ryukin Goldfish known as Fringetail or Ribbontail Ryukin is also available. Two more variants, the Yamagata Kingyo or Yamagata Goldfish and Tetsu Onaga or Iron-colored Longtail are also available. The Yamagata Goldfish also known as Sabao or Mackerel Tail or Tamasaba is a hardy single tailed Ryukin Goldfish that has been developed in Yamagata in Northern Japan. There is a Globe Eye version of the Ryukin Goldfish which has protruding eyes in addition to all the characteristics of the Ryukin Goldfish.
Goldfish are very social fish, and flourish in a community tank free of aggressive fish.
These Goldfish are best housed in a 30-gallon tank. Ryukin Goldfish that are kept in a fish bowl have stunted growth (due to the high nitrate level) and a reduced lifespan. The Ryukin Goldfish produce a lot of waste products like ammonia and therefore never thrive in a small or crowded aquarium. Soft and silky cold-water plants grafted onto rocks or wood (e.g. Anubias, Java Fern, Anacharis, etc.) are good choices. Natural leaves that are pointed, or even plastic plants may hurt these delicate fish. The preferred substrate is fine and smooth sand which will pose little danger when the fish tends to swallow the particles. They prefer tanks with little or no current. Ryukin Goldfish require optimum water conditions. They require very well-aerated water and an efficently filtered tank.
outdoor pond conditions, Beautiful Goldfish, good starter goldfish, favorite goldfish
power filter, unsuitable tanksmates, weekly water changes, sheer size, Ammonia buildup
agile swimmers, forgiving fish, long life spans, canister filter, tall dorsal hump