Species group: Gouramis
Other common names: Golden Gourami
Scientific name: Trichogaster trichopterus
The Gold Gourami is a man-made color morph of the Three-spot Gourami.
The Gold Gourami, a tank-bred variety of the Three-Spot Gourami, has a rather compact and extended body. Its fins are rounded and quite large. The ventral fins are fragile and highly sensitive. It can be distinguished from the Three-spot Gourami by the absence of the two dark spots. The fins look very attractive with a pattern of white spots. This fish possesses a labyrinth organ that enables it to absorb atmospheric oxygen directly into the bloodstream. The body of the fish is colored a beautiful gold tone, as its name indicates. There is a deeper toned striped patterning along the back.
Gold Gourami are not as peaceful as the other Gouramis. They can sometimes attack smaller fish. The juveniles, however, make good community fish. As they grow older, it is advisable to keep them with fish of similar size. The degree of aggression varies from fish to fish.
Gold Gouramis will easily overpower fin nippers and other Gouramis. They tend to be fixated on working out a hierarchy. Very small fish or fry rarely last long in the same aquarium owing to the hunting skills of this fish.
While the labyrinth organ permits the fish to carry on in oxygen-depleted water, it is a widespread fallacy that this makes water changes avoidable. Like other fishes, Gouramis will suffer tissue damage from accumulated toxins. Regular water changes of 25 percent weekly are prescribed by aquarists. The tank decorations are in tandem with the temperaments of these fish. This entails the provision of a few hiding places and some dense plant cover. These fish will be grateful for the cover that floating plants provide. Juveniles are easily housed in a 15 - 20 gallon capacity aquarium, but adults require at least 35 gallons capacity.
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