Species group: Betta Fishes
Other common names: Siamese Fighting Fish; Betta
Scientific name: Betta splendens
The Betta Fish (also commonly known as the Siamese Fighting Fish) is one of the most popular species of freshwater aquarium fish, especially for beginning aquarists. In the wild they are found in rice paddies and canals in Laos, Thailand, and Vietnam. They are very easy to care for and accept most foods including flakes and micro-pellets, feeding the occassional bloodworm treat would be welcomed too.
Part of their appeal is their graceful and colorful appearance. Betta Fish come in many exotic color varieties including magenta, orange, yellow, white, and emerald green. In their natural state Betta Fish are a dull green and brown. However, through selective breeding, breeders have created an extensive range of colors such as marble and butterfly, as well as metallic colors such as copper, gold, and opaque. They have also produced fish with longer, differently shaped and more vividly colored fins. Today, available Betta tail shapes include: veil-tail, crown-tail, half-moon, round tail and double-tail.
Male Betta Fish are semi-aggressive, and two male Bettas can never to be housed in the same tank as they will fight to the death. Female Bettas are less aggressive than males and can be kept in groups in a large enough tank. Males and females cannot be kept together because of the high probability that the female will be harassed to death.
Bettas can actually be kept in community tanks with short finned peaceful fish like Tetras, Danios, and Cory cats because they only fight with other Bettas, or Betta looking fish. For this reason avoid Guppies and any fish with long colorful fins. Bettas long tails are a target for other semi-aggressive and aggressive fish so bettas should not be kept with barbs, gouramis, cichlids, or any other aggressive fish.
For a single betta a minimum tank size of 1 gallon is recommended. They don't need the water oxygenated because they can breath off the surface of the water but they still need the water above 72 degrees and filtered. In a one gallon tank sponge filters work great. If being housed with other fish they should have a minimum of 10 gallons and plenty of hiding places. Bettas like to hide and plants make great hiding spots and improve water quality.
beautiful color variations, big flowing fins, EASIEST pet, favorite fish species, Great solo fish
male kept nipping, community environment, Aquarium Nitrogen Cycle, suitable tankmates, delicate fins
bubblenest, live blood worms, commonly abused fish, little wiggle dances, personality love mirrors
"Betta fish or 'fighter fish' have been some of my favorite pets! They have to be alone in a fish bowl which seems depressing but it's really because they fight with other fish including their own kind. Apart from that they are a beautiful feature and provide a calm and intriguing feature to a home. Super easy to take care of. You can use tap water to put them in but have to have special drops to remove the chlorine from the water and make it so they can survive. Other than that you can choose cute accessories for their bowls from your pet store like colorful rocks, a mini castle and a plant. Cleaning is important. You have to clean their bowls at least once a week and condition their water and leave it in the room for a time to ensure the temperature of the new water matches the old or the room they are in. Feeding them is fun and you can get their food online or from a pet store. We also had little treats for them like little fried worms, also inexpensive from the pet store. ."
From JolieChevaun Apr 26 2017 4:01AM
"We found Sebastian at the pet store. He was crammed into a tiny plastic cup, resting on a shelf surrounded by other Betta fish floating in their own little plastic cups. He was diluted gray in color with a hint of muted blue underneath, and his fins appeared to have been chewed by a school of rabid minnows. Even the small amount of water he resided in was murky and appeared inhospitable. He was a mess, and he needed us. Knowing Bettas are not sociable creatures, we resolved to purchase a tank and let him live out the rest of his life in more comfortable surroundings, without the stress of living with other fish. We could not give him his natural habitat, but we could at least move him out of that too-small cup. We bought gravel to line the tank, several plants to provide hiding spots and added a large conch shell for atmosphere. Then we bought proper food and a filter to ensure that our new little friend was cozy in his new home. Over time, Sebastian’s fins grew back, revealing a beautiful display of indigo and scarlet. That pathetic gray fish from the tiny plastic cup had really blossomed! Sebastian seemed content in his tank, often appearing to inspect us from his side of the glass. We certainly did not connect with our Betta fish as well as we connected with the fur-bearing animals we had in our lives, but Sebastian was still special to us. About three years later, we awoke one morning to find him belly up in his tank. We buried him and never bought another fish again. ."
From Dulcinea2015 Sep 4 2016 4:14AM