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Is the Dachshund right for you?

Species group:

Other name(s): Doxie; Dackel; Teckel

The basics:
There's something endearing about the spunky, entertaining Dachshund. Although this German breed comes in a variety of sizes and coat textures, they're all recognizable as classic long-bodied, short-legged "weiner dogs." They do have the core personality of their hunting hound heritage-- loyal to their family, always willing to play, with a tendency to chase and perhaps to dig. As a result, they're a highly regarded family pet that adapts well into many households.

Appearance / health:
There are six (6) varieties of Dachshunds; smooth-haired, wire-haired, and long-haired. Each variety comes in two sizes: Standard and Miniature.

The smooth-haired Dachshund is the original strain. The Dachshund is a long, active, muscular dog with very short legs. He carries himself with pride and should have an intelligent, alert expression. His head is elongated with a slightly convex skull; eyebrows are arched and protruding; his muzzle is long, slightly arched, and his jaws powerful with a scissors bite and extremely strong canine teeth. It is preferred his nose be black; his eyes are dark red or brown-black, almond-shaped, and have a dark colored rim. His ears are long and hound-like with rounded ends and hang long on his cheeks. His body has a protruding sternum, which provides a front end designed for digging, and his abdomen is moderately retracted; he carries his tail in line with its back.

Long-haired Dachshunds require daily combing with a bristle brush; wire-haired need professional trimming twice a year, and smooth-haired require regular rubdown with a damp cloth. Dry shampoo or bathe when necessary. The smooth-haired dachshund has little body odor. This breed is a moderate shedder.

Dachshunds do not require a great amount of exercise, but they do need a good walk every day. A safely enclosed dog park, and close monitoring of your Dachshund while within a dog park, is another enjoyable activity for them.

Dachshunds are particularly prone to spinal disc problems; they have a tendency to become lazy and obese, which adds to their risk of back injury. Additionally, health risks to watch for include: heart disease, diabetes, urinary tract conditions, eye diseases and skin problems. Other health concerns can include: bloat, epilepsy, hypothyroidism, and joint problems. Dappled Dachshunds, and especially Double-dappled Dachshunds, Dachshunds are prone to blindness and deafness.

Behavior / temperament:
For such a little dog, Dachshunds have an impressively loud bark; they make very good little watch dogs. By nature, the Dachshund is brave, loving, friendly, playful, affectionate and intelligent. They can also be willful and tend to have characteristics of the Terrier breed. Believe it or not, many Dachshund fanciers and experts agree that the long-haired variety tends to be the calmest of the three varieties, while the wire-haired variety is the most clownish and out-going.

Dachshunds are lively and affectionate, proud, bold, and tenacious. They can be stubborn and clownish as well as mischievous. They are devoted to their family and some fanciers feel the long-haired variety is calmer than the other two types, while the wire-haired variety is more outgoing and entertaining. All are slightly difficult to train. Sometimes Dachshunds refuse to be handled. They require a substantial amount of interaction and, if you allow them to become bored, they can be very destructive. Because of this destructiveness, crate training as a puppy will make it easier to confine them when you will be away and/or unable to entertain them. Early and extensive socialization is vitally important to the Dachshund, as is obedience training. Try not to spoil your Dachshund as this will lead to demanding behaviors. Dachshunds make great little travel companions.

Dachshunds are rated high in learning rate, medium in obedience and high in problem solving skills. This combination can easily result in a very intelligent dog who isn’t overly concerned with minding you. They require a firm, knowledgeable trainer in order to prevent the Dachshund from training you. It is said that the long-haired variety is much easier to train, but they still have a mind of their own and require firm handling. Due to their tendency toward back injury, they should be trained not to jump beginning while very young. Dachshunds are also stubborn about house breaking, so implementing crate training with house training is a good way to subject your home to less accidents. Puppies should never be allowed free range of your home until they are completely house broken.


avid watchdog, lifelong companion, endearing, lovable, gentle natured dog, sweetest dog


fragile backs, expensive surgery, high prey drive, pet stores, housetraining, puppy mills, barking


Independant Thinkers, game hunting dogs, small game hunting, smooth dachshund, tenacious little beasts

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