Species group: Non-Sporting Group dogs
Other name(s): Coton; Malagasy Coton De Tulear
The royal dog of old Madagascar, the Coton de Tuléar is a playful, attention-hungry aristocrat that may have been developed from Bichon dogs originally brought to the so-called eighth continent on 16th and 17th century pirate ships.
The breed seems to have returned to Europe in the 1960s thanks to the lively tourist trade between France and Madagascar. An American studying lemurs in the 1970s imported them into the US. While everyone agrees that this dog is a charming companion, there are different breed standards being set by different organizations based on these different lineages. If you are planning to show or breed your dog, you will need to pay a lot of attention to the standards set by the registry you plan to work with. If you're just looking for a friendly pet, this debate is probably of less interest to you. All you really need to know is that this breed is widely regarded as a loving pet that responds to kind, positive training.
As far as the American Kennel Club is concerned, the Coton de Tuléar is a new member of the Non-Sporting Dogs group first officially recognized in 2014.
Appearance / health:
The Coton de Tuléar is a small dog with a beautiful cottony coat. The head is of medium-size with a short muzzle, well covered with cottony hair. The ears are set high on the head, always dangling and normally completely covered with lush cottony hair. It has dark round eyes that bear a cheerful expression in them always. The breed has a short body and a moderately long neck. The feet are small and muscular and covered with the dry fluffy hair. The tail is set low, quite long and stands upright in a sickle-like curve when alert.
The Coton de Tulear breed sheds little to no hair. Gentle brushing a few times a week helps prevent matting. An occasional bathing using an appropriate shampoo also helps keep the coat clean and healthy. The Coton's ears require cleaning once or twice a week.
The Coton requires low to moderate amounts of exercise everyday. Play sessions and regular walks are necessary to keep them physically and mentally stimulated.
The Coton de Tulear is generally a very healthy breed. Occasionally though, the breed may be prone to diseases such as neo-natal ataxia (a health condition that affects young puppies neurologically leading to lameness), progressive retinal atrophy (an inherent disease in which retinal tissue degenerates leading to loss of vision), luxating patella (dislocation of kneecap leading to lameness), and hip/elbow dysplasia (malformation of hip or elbow joints leading to limping).
Behavior / temperament:
Cotons are alert dogs and are responsive to their owner's verbal commands. They are very sociable, love human company, and are devoted to their family.
The Coton de Tulear is intelligent and responds well to obedience training. Forever eager to please, the Coton is not hard to train.
Housebreaking may be a challenge, and requires patience and consistency.
The Coton only barks when necessary. Excessive barking may be a sign of boredom, and requires adequate training and socialization.
smart, non allergenic companion, shedless coat, sociable, general cuteness, amazing family pet
separation anxiety, expensive breed, occasional haircut
long life expectancy, long hair coat, health testing, Ethics Breeders, lower maintenance hair
Coton De Tulear-A Terrific Family Pet
We purchased Sammi as a puppy from a breeder. After our yellow Lab mix passed away due to cancer, we decided, for the first time, to purchase a pure-breed rather than from a shelter. Our son had slight animal allergies, so we searched for breeds that were hypo-allergenic and shed minimally.
Sammi, now ten years old, has been a terrific family companion. Coton's are generally thought to have "clown-like" personalities. Sammi is no exception. When we get home, he immediately grabs the nearest shoe and runs all over the house with it. Then he hops on his back legs and howls until we give him a treat.
The care and maintenance for Sammi is middle of the road. His hair grows and sheds similar to human hair. He requires the occasional haircut, but is very easy to brush and wash at home. He was average to catch on to using the doggie door for bathroom breaks, but will do anything for a treat. We socialized him as a puppy to be around strangers, children, and other animals. He is very clingy to me, and prefers my company to any other family member. If I go to the restroom, he has to accompany me. If I go upstairs, he is right on my heels. That is not to say that he doesn't love his kids. He once (all 18 pounds of him) fought off a German Shepherd that was chasing our three kids.
Sammi has had very few large vet bills. He is prone to ear infections, about five a year. He had knee replacement surgery when he was six due to his tendency to "stop on a dime". He is very agile and healthy. At ten years old, he still runs in circles and scatters shoes all over the house!
I highly recommend a Coton De Tulear for anyone looking for a family pet, a best friend, a cuddler, and/or an agility dog.
*Note: Sammi has a pink nose and lips. This is not standard for the breed. Sammi was labeled "not show quality". We think he's perfect anyway!.
From Rett28 May 2 2015 6:47PM
Good for combatting certain types of bacteria
Cefazolin is a 1st generation Cephalosporin. While it does well against many gram positive bacteria (typically those with an uncovered, thick outer wall around the cell), it is very ineffective against gram negative bacteria (those with a thin wall that is protected by an extra membrane). While it does not cover everything, Cefazolin is easier on the body than many other antibiotics. For this reason, it is often used as a preoperative prophylaxis, given in IV fluids prior to surgery. Though its usefulness starts to diminish when dealing with "evolutionarily younger" bacteria, which are usually either gram negative or are developing resistances to certain classes of antibiotics, it remains a regularly used staple in the vet med world. It is commonly used for pneumonia, sepsis, certain bladder and urinary tract infections, or in conjunction with antibiotics that target gram negative bacteria to achieve as broad of a spectrum of treatment as possible in an unidentified infection..
From S Dean - Trainer and Former Vet Tech 1360 days ago
When dealing with any fear, aggressive or otherwise, distance is your friend. Find out how far the dog needs to be away from the subject of their fear and work from there.
I recently worked with a dog who is fearful of people and dogs on walks outside of his home. My mentor trainer and I took him to a field along the beach. Oso, the dog, watched people pass by and was rewarded when he brought his attention back to mom.
Many times, dogs learn to bark because it makes the scary thing go away. You want to show them that the scary thing will leave without barking. If the dog does begin to bark, move him away and treat when he focuses on you.
Desensitizing a dog that is afraid can be a long process. The older the dog or the more bad association the dog has with the stimuli only makes it worse. Be patient and remember distance is your friend..
From GoldenBoi0412 1356 days ago
Adopt a Coton de Tulear from a shelter near you
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