Species group: Sporting Group dogs
Other name(s): American Cocker Spaniel; Cocker
The happy, eye-catching Cocker Spaniel has a lot to recommend it both to pet owners and exhibitors. Its easy-going personality means that these dogs are particularly attractive to families, including families with multiple pets in the home.
In 1946, the AKC recognized the American Cocker Spaniel as a separate sporting breed from the English Cocker Spaniel, which was originally developed in the Middle Ages to flush woodcock, a game bird. The American Cocker Spaniel is smaller-- indeed, the AKC calls it the smallest breed in the hunting group-- and it boasts a rounder head with a shorter muzzle.
Appearance / health:
The Cocker Spaniel has very long hanging ears, a rounded head, and a medium-length coat. The head is chiseled with an abrupt stop. The muzzle is wide, deep, and broad with a square jaw. The upper lip hangs down, covering the lower jaw completely. The teeth are strong and should meet in a scissors bite. The nose is always black on black dogs, but may be brown on other dogs. The eyes are round, and set on so they look directly forward. The eye rims are slightly oval.
The body is compact with a short back. The top line slopes gently downwards from front to back. The front legs are straight with good bone. The tail is docked to two-fifth of its original length and is carried on a line with its back; it is constantly in motion. This breed is free and merry, sound, and well balanced throughout. In action, it shows a keen inclination to work.
Cocker Spaniels need thorough grooming every day. Some owners prefer to leave the coat long, brushing daily and shampooing frequently, with regular scissoring and clipping. Others prefer to clip the coat to medium length to make it more functional. Either way, the dog requires routine trimming. They also need regular bathing, to clean their skin and minimize odor.
The eyes of the Cocker Spaniel need regular cleaning. Their ears require careful attention, as ear infections often occur due to the restricted airflow; in addition, the long ears usually trail in food bowls—unless specially designed ones are used—and therefore need regular cleaning. Attention must be paid to the lip folds, making sure that they are clean and free from infection. Teeth have to be regularly cleaned. Feet should be checked for matted hair or dried mud. Careful brushing is required to avoid pulling out the silky hair. This breed is an average shedder.
Cockers have plenty of stamina and need regular exercise. They adjust well to apartment living if they are adequately exercised, and are fairly active indoors. A small yard is sufficient for exercising. Walking for 60 to 80 minutes is sufficient.
Some major health concerns in Cocker Spaniels are: cataracts; glaucoma; and patellar luxation (dislocation of the kneecap).
Some minor concerns include: hip dysplasia (lameness due to deformed hips); ectropion (an outward turning or sagging of the eyelid); entropion (an inward folding of the eyelid, particularly the lower one); allergies; seborrhea (flaking on the face, scalp or trunk); lip fold pyoderma (bacterial infection of the skin); otitis externa (bacterial infection of the external ear canal); liver disease; urolithiasis (crystals / stones in the urine causing acute ureteral obstruction); prolapse of nictitans gland ("flipping out" of the tear gland located behind the third eyelid); phosphofructokinase deficiency (genetic disease preventing glucose metabolism into energy resulting in exercise intolerance; muscle disease and anemia); and cardiomyopathy (heart muscle disease that impairs the heart's ability to pump blood). Other medical concerns occasionally found among Cocker Spaniels include gastric torsion (twisting of the stomach after gastric distention occurs) and elbow dysplasia.
Immune mediated hemolytic anemia (IMHA) is relatively common in Cockers, and is almost always fatal. IMHA is an accelerated destruction of red blood cells due to the attachment of immunoglobulin and/or complement to the erythrocyte membrane (red blood cells). It is a common cause of severe anemia and hemolysis (breaking open of red blood cells and the release of hemoglobin into the surrounding fluid or plasma) in dogs. It is a fast-acting, silent killer.
Behavior / temperament:
Bold and keen to work, the Cocker Spaniel is equally suited to life as a gundog or as a companion pet. Cheerful, sweet, and sensitive, the Cocker Spaniel is an inseparable friend of children, and respectful of its master's authority without much challenge. Merry and endearing, they are happy tail-waggers. Cockers love, and need, people around to be happy.
They are lively, playful, and devoted, but may require to be socialized well when they are young, to avoid timidity. This breed may be difficult to housebreak. However, it is intelligent and can be easily trained. The Cocker Spaniel’s rate of obedience is high, whereas that of problem solving is low.
Cocker Spaniels are often too quick to sound the alarm at every new sight and sound, and may bark excessively.
beautiful cocker spaniels, happy nature, great watchdog, perfect gentleman, wonderful cockers
rambunctious children, separation anxiety, Cherry Eye Cocker, common eye condition, mammary tumors
ETHICAL breeder, great apartment dog, pure energy cockers, puppy mill survivors
Spaniels, stubborn but funny
I have had my Cocker Spaniel from a puppy. Always strong-willed and likes to do her own thing, she has an almost cat-like attitude. Unfortunately she has some anxiety issues, which makes her a bit nippy and not to be trusted around children, and i find this to be pretty typical with the breed in that they do not really like to be manhandled. Although, as a child I had a Spaniel, and that one let us do whatever we wanted to her, dress her up like a doll and sit in a baby carriage, she sat through it all. They are smarter than you think, probably TOO smart, and they can anticipate your moves and are very aware of certain words. Extremely food driven, anything can be accomplished as long as there are treat involved. Training is easy, but often with my Spaniel, it comes down to "if i feel like it". She is funny, and will "talk" or "grumble" to get your attention, since she knows barking to get what she wants is unacceptable. My Spaniel has extreme storm fear, to the point where conditioning and natural methods did not help, and Valium was our only option to calm her down. Now as a senior, storms don't present as much of an issue, as we believe she has either calmed down, or is beginning to lose her hearing. As most dogs with floppy ears, she has had issues, although for the first 7 years of her life, there were no issues there at all, but now we are constantly cleaning and battling ear issues. Only yearly vet checkups have occurred, and she is in overall wonderful health, no emergency trips for this pooch! Loves to play, and will fetch with you all day long! Loving in her own way, not a lap dog, but will seek out pets on the head, or sit by you when she so feels inclined.Not a dog for everyone, but lovable in her own way. More personality in that little body than alot of people have!.
From jjolin Oct 16 2015 10:54AM
The way your dog's body was meant to be fed
There are so many misconceptions about raw feeding and I hope to quickly properly educate you so making an opinion for yourself is easier. I am a certified nutritionist for dogs and cats and the moment I finished my education I knew I needed to make better choices for my own personal dogs in regards to how I fed them. There are pros and cons to any feeding method so I cannot say it's going to be easy to know exactly what choices to make. The doubtful mind always says no, so anyone unfamiliar with anything is always hesitant. I see that a lot with other professionals in the field, specifically veterinarians. I am fortunate to have an integrative veterinarian who 100% supports this feeding method. Lets talk about the pros as there are many. There is no possible way to dispute that a dog's (especially cats) digestive system and teeth are designed for a diet of animal tissue, they are carnivores. Having jagged teeth throughout their mouth and a very short digestive tract, their bodies are not equipped to properly process plant material. Think of a cow's or sheep's flat teeth, made for grinding plants, and their 4 chambered stomachs, made to digest and assimilate nutrients from plants. They are herbivores. Feeding a diet of dry dog food, which is very heavy in plant based ingredients of many varieties,synthetic vitamins, and taste additives reeks havoc on their entire body systems over time. Some say feeding raw is expensive and time consuming. I'm part of a group with thousands and thousands of raw feeders around the world and we completely disagree. If you can follow a simple recipe you can make raw food for your pet. Learning how to shop for ingredients on sale and making relationships with local butchers is all you need to make it affordable. I feed two dogs raw cheaper than I wold purchasing an average quality dry food. It CAN be done if your pet's lifetime of health is important to you. There are so many support systems out there for this approach, it truly couldn't be any easier. The shelf life of raw food is far longer than that of dry food. Did you know that the nutrients and quality of dry food diminishes with the passing of each day? My dog's food is kept in a deep freezer and put in the refrigerator for thawing each night, ready for the next day. Freezing locks in all nutrients and can be kept for years without spoiling. Does your dog suffer from chronic conditions like ear infections and skin issues? Did you ever think it could be food related? Well let me tell you that it is. I have assisted with completely eradicating a host of chronic health issues in dogs and cats with diet alone. To most recently include a chihuahua with disc disease and no use of his hind legs. He now climbs steps and runs. He is 12 years old. No other therapy than a raw diet, regular massage, and one veterinary acupuncture visit. Let's talk about the cons. Now, most freeze dried and premade raw can be expensive for the amount you get. Feeding freeze dried is mostly for convenience. I use it when I need convenience like a weekend camping trip. I enjoy making my dog's food. There a lot of satisfaction in it for me. There is so much talk about bacteria like salmonella and e.coli when someone references raw food. Can it be present in raw food? Of course! But, did you know that your dry food can and does have the same bacteria? Dry and canned pet food recalls are a very common for bacteria. I have 100% control over the ingredients, processing, and storing of my pets raw food. Proper handling and sourcing of raw ingredients can and does deeply diminish the probability of bacteria. What about parasites? Again, yes of course raw materials can have parasites. As can dry and canned mass produced pet food. And again, the proper handling and sourcing of these ingredients remove this concern. (As a note: I have been raw feeding for over 5 years and NOT ONE of my dogs or clients have been treated for parasites or bacterial issues) Proper formulation can be a con to raw feeding. Honestly, its ridiculously easy. But without the proper ratio of ingredients you can cause issues. Companies make you think it is hard. They want to make you buy their product. It's a marketing scheme that works and unfortunately affects our pets negatively. I hope this review can shed light into the seemingly scary world of raw feeding. Educate yourselves and don't be afraid to jump in head first. Your pet's health and quality of life will be all the proof you need to know this is without a doubt the best decision you have ever made. .
From Megan S 57 days ago
behavior training tool
All dogs need to learn how to behave and a great "brain-break" and self soothing tool to use between activities or for crate training is a kong. Filled with a treat or small bit of peanut butter, this activity can provide the dog with a reward sensation as well as a much needed chewing activity for "down time" between trainings. We have utilized this with many of our breeds but huskies can be downright destructive to any material, so use of the kong is fabulous (while supervised) once the husky reaches maturity. As puppies are constantly teething and learning what is THEIRS and what is yours, kongs are a wonderful "replacement" tool for your couch, shoes and other destructible items in your home. .
From petlover2 90 days ago
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