Species group: Non-Sporting Group dogs
Other name(s): Standard Chinese Shar-Pei; CSP; Shar-Pei; Shar Pei; Chinese Fighting Dog; Pei
The Chinese Shar-Pei isn't just another pretty face. This wrinkled dog, named one of the world's rarest breeds in 1978, continues to win fans because of its unusual looks and calm personality. A properly trained Shar-Pei is loyal to family and cool toward strangers, and it's important to socialize this dog early to make sure your pet doesn't become overly aggressive toward strangers or other animals. While it may be too tough a challenge for the novice dog owner, they can be a rewarding pet for the calm, confident person with some experience.
The backstory behind the Shar-Pei is almost as amazing as the so-called hippopotamus face. Originally developed in ancient China, this powerful dog herded cattle, hunted wild boar, and guarded family homes. When the dog-fighting craze took the world by storm, they prove to be excellent fighters because the wrinkled skin and prickly coat allowed them to wiggle out of their opponent's grasp. However, when dog ownership crashed during the Maoist era, these dogs came close to extinction. The story goes that a Hong Kong businessman published a plea to save the breed, resulting in 200 dogs being smuggled or imported into the United States to establish the ancestry of almost all Shar-Peis found in America today. The traditional Chinese strain, the so-called "bone mouth," has fewer wrinkles than the American strain, the heavily wrinkled "meat mouth."
Appearance / health:
The Chinese Shar-pei is immediately recognizable due to their unique "hippopotamus" head shape, small triangular ears, curled coin tail, wrinkly body, and their bluish-black tongue. Other than the Shar-pei, only the Chow-Chow has the bluish-black tongue.
The Chinese Shar-Pei is a medium sized, muscular, well-built dog with a heavily wrinkled coat and large head. The head has a blunt wide muzzle with a moderately defined stop. The puppies have more wrinkles than the adults do. The eyes are small, almond-shaped, and sunken. The ears are very small in comparison to the size of the head and triangular, rounded at the tips, and curled at the edges. The ears also have the capability to move. The neck is moderately long and muscular with heavy folds of loose skin around it. The tail of the breed is also unique. It is round and thick at its base and tapering to a point at its tip. The tail is set high and usually curls to either side of the back.
The Chinese Shar-Pei sheds seasonally twice a year. During this time, the breed requires brushing more often. If kept inside, the shedding is not as prominent as the temperature stays more consistent. The breed may resist cleaning of ears and trimming of nails.
Owners may take their dogs out for daily walks or let them play in a fenced area.
Shar-pei can be prone to health conditions, just as any other breed, so be sure that research has been properly done prior to bringing one home. They can be prone to hereditary skin disorders, eyelid problems (Entropion), and yeast infections of the ears or skin. In the western world, Shar-Pei have been strongly bred for a distinctive thick muzzle and heavily folded skin. This has created a predisposition in Shar-Pei to an auto inflammatory disease called Familial Shar Pei Fever (FSF).
Behavior / temperament:
Pei are considered to be an excellent family dog. They can be standoffish with strangers, but are not considered to be unfriendly. They can be described as highly intelligent, independent, and dignified. Early training, socialization, and dominance exercises are necessary to help the Shar Pei adjust with its surroundings. Shar-Pei tend to form strong bonds with their family members, and can be over-protective at times. They are easy to housebreak.
The Shar-Pei responds best to firm, gentle, and consistent training. The trainer needs to establish a strong leadership to be able to impart obedience training without using harsh methods. Shar-Pei benefit from early dominance exercises and socialization.
They do not normally bark without reason. However, most tend to snort, grunt, and/or snore.
Written by Jennifer Harless
great family dog, intellegent nature, beautiful shar pei, loyal animal, devoted breed, PERFECT house dog
eye problems, short life spans, special shampoos, reputable breeders, puppy mill, skin irritation
prick ears, different coat types, unique personalities
Love of my life!
If I ever knew, how much you can fall in love with an animal and how much that love is sometimes stronger than everything and everybody... I got my beautiful Shar-Pei 8 years ago, and since the moment he stepped into my home, we are inseparable. Honestly, I wanted a hyperactive dog, with whom I would ride bicycle, who will run to catch a stick etc, and at the beginning I was very disappointed whit the dog I got :). Long story short I got a " Ferdinand the Bull", I got the dog that literally smelled the flowers and grass, and minding his own business while other dogs are playing, catching the sticks, learning new commands... I remember the sentence from the famous cartoon that I repeated to him: '' Ooh Ferdinand, why don't you play with all the other little bulls and bump your head .." However, I named him Arthur, it sounded more bourgeoisie than Ferdinand :) Shar Pei is a pedigree that I wouldn't probably recommend to anyone. There is a lot of negative things about this pedigree: 1.Serious (often chronic) health problems;they are prone to a plethora of eye problems, skin diseases, kidney disease, and more. We tried to cure ear bacteria and infections for a very long time and we are hanging out at the Vet's ambulance so often , that we became very close friends ... 2. They are obsessed with their owners :). They very often suffer from separation anxiety... Arthur has his own chair at the kitchen window and he is capable of waiting for me on that chair for more than 6 hours... He is following every my step, and acts like a dog who never sleeps and who is ready for an action just not to stay alone or to be left. He is not sociable, for him other people and animals are not important . I am the only person he needs. I am sometimes flattered with that behaviour, but only sometimes :). Because if someone loves you so much, you must love him even more ... And that's where the problems start. We are now unconditionally loyal to each other and inseparable couple who doesn't let anyone to get so close into our lives..
From biljana Mar 12 2017 12:11AM
Hard e-collars are THE best way to prevent your pet from messing up their incision site
Hard e-collars are very effective at keeping dogs' mouths off their incision sites. These are the cheapest and most effective way of reducing incision site complications. I send every surgery patient home with an e-collar. These surgical procedures are often performed on younger patients that are very prone to trying to lick their incision sites..
From Rachel_Muur_DVM 4 days ago
The younger, the better.
Dogs learn by repetition: PATIENCE.
Dogs can also be annoyed if we demand tricks or obedience all day long.
PATIENCE, PERSEVERANCE and FIRMNESS are key when it comes to educating our puppy.
Make allowances for the ill.
The wellbeing of the whole family, including the pet, will depend on educating at an early age, and that requires TIME. Do you have it?
From 8-12 weeks of age on, your pup should start learning the difference between what is right and what is wrong. Decide now what will be allowed at home: some people do not mind having the dog on furniture or beds; for others this is unpleasant; the same applies to beggin at the table, jumping over people, chewing on furniture, and any other unwanted behavior. If you want the dog to learn certain habits, make sure that your rules are obeyed from the beginning.
Use a firm voice and short simple commands such as: don't, stop, sit, stay.
Do not use long human phrases like: why are you doing this to me, what's wrong with you, Fido, sweet heart, didn't I tell you a thousand times not to pee on the carpet?! Your dog will probably not understand!
On the other hand, rewards and scoldings should always be given at the moment of the action, or they may not be associated with such actions.
Avoid physical abuse. Never use violence. You will only get a fearful -and perhaps- injured dog. Remember that a firm "no" works for him to realize that something is wrong with his behavior..
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