Species group: Toy Group dogs
Other name(s): Cavalier; Cav; CKCS
Who can resist the big-eyed charm of the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel? This endearing toy breed was developed from the English Toy Spaniels who were favorite pets of Tudor ladies and even-- as the name suggests-- actual kings. Highly social, this dog is a great choice for the family where there's almost always someone around both for active exercise and for relaxed cuddling. However, because of this need to be near their humans, they're a poor choice for the family where the home is empty most of the day. A lonely Cavalier King Charles Spaniel might lose its delightful personality and act out by chasing, barking, or simply withdrawing and becoming timid.
The cute yet aristocratic appearance didn't happen by accident. In the 1920s, an American breeder began to seek out long-nosed Toy Spaniels that looked like the animals in Van Dyck's contemporaneous portraits of King Charles II and his spaniels. In 1995, the Cavalier King Charles was officially recognized by the American Kennel Club as a separate breed.
Appearance / health:
The Cavalier is a lovely small spaniel with a body slightly longer than it is tall; it has a level topline, a flat skull and a cone-shaped muzzle; it has a shallow stop, well developed nose and wide nostrils; the eyes are round, dark, and expressive; the ears are long with copious feathering; the bite should be scissored; the tail is occasionally docked by no less than 1/3 its original length, though many prefer not to dock the tail; the chest, tail, legs and feet should all be heavily feathered. The coat is long and silky with an occasional slight waviness to it. There are four accepted colorations: Blenheim, Tri-colored, Ruby, and Black and Tan.
You should brush your Cavalier with a firm bristled brush or comb him. Because all of his feathering is subject to matting and tangles, brushing and combing must be thoroughly done quite frequently. Trim the hair on the feet and between the foot pads; no other trimming of the hair should be done. Clean his ears regularly and watch his eyes for any signs of over-tearing or infection. Though the Cavalier tolerates regular bathing (either dry shampoo treatments or fully wet bathing), avoid overly wet-bathing him during the colder months. If you have given him a wet bath, ensure he is fully dry to avoid him chilling, which he can quickly do. The Cavalier is considered an average shedder; however, your diligent good brushing or combining regimen will help cut down on dog hair in the house.
For apartment dwellers, a daily walk is essential to the health of your Cavalier as they, like any dog, has an instinctive need to walk. Otherwise, Cavaliers typically get sufficient exercise romping in the house or their backyard. Cavaliers should be taught early not to jump up onto or down off of furniture in order to avoid knee and joint injuries later in life.
For a Toy breed, the Cavalier is surprisingly healthy, with the primary concerns being only luxating patella, heart murmur (which is actually rather common) and hip dysplasia. Other less common health issues include syringomyelia, early onset deafness, back trouble, hereditary eye disease, mitral valve heart disease (typically first diagnosed as a heart murmur), cataracts, and the ear infections that are usually seen in any canine breed with long, folded ears.
Careful questioning of your breeder about her parent stock and who offers a health guarantee, along with a vet check prior to purchase, will help minimize your chances of purchasing a Cavalier of inferior breeding.
Behavior / temperament:
The Cavalier is a happy little tail-wagger of a canine companion. She is outgoing, lively, eager to please, and fearless. She is possessed of an intelligence capable of understanding what her owner wants and this makes her easy to train using a method of gentle obedience training. Cavalier’s are people dogs and require a lot of companionship to be mentally and emotionally happy; she should not be left alone for extended periods of time. Because the Cavalier is the descendant of hunting dogs, she will occasionally have an urge to give chase, so never let her run unleashed in an area that is not safely enclosed. The Cavalier is a very good choice for a novice dog owner.
The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is a natural pleaser with a wonderful temperament, making them an ideal canine companion for singles, couples, or the family. They love interaction with people and have a deep need for consistent human attention on a regular, daily basis. They do not do well when left alone for even moderate amounts of time and do very poorly if left alone for extensive periods of time and leaving them alone for long periods of time will lead to unwanted behaviors such as nervousness, nuisance barking and chewing. They are not at all dog-aggressive and, with proper socialization as puppies, make excellent companions for other dogs in the home and even make good companions for cats. Cavaliers have a playful, curious nature.
The Cavalier is rated high in learning rate, obedience and problem solving skills. Because of their eager-to-please attitude, they are very easily trained using positive reinforcement training – usually just the praise and attention of their owner for a task or command well performed is sufficient positive reinforcement for this sensitive little spaniel. Cavaliers are naturally tidy, clean dogs and respond very well to proper crate training; this will also aide in housebreaking your Cavalier. The greatest key to success with your Cavalier is early socialization and lots of it – to other people, to strangers, to pets of all types. Leash training is essential to the health and well-being of your Cavalier so they do not bolt away from you in response to a need to chase something interesting. Obedience training is a terrific way to accomplish these training necessities and socialization at the same time.
Though the Cavalier is not known to be an excessive barker, they will bark in alert; and, those who are left alone frequently and for long periods of time will become neurotic, nuisance barkers.
cuddle, luxurious coat, greatest family dog, small loving dogs, loving temperament, friendliest dog
heart murmurs, huge health issues, irresponsible breeding practices, neurotic, syringomyelia
average intelligence, Cavaliers love water, Super Lazy, snoring, docile breed
A Spunky & Funny Friend
I've owned my Cavalier King Charles Spaniel for 4 years and I cannot imagine what life would be like without him. This dog is extremely smart, and sensitive. He picks up on moods, knows when to show his sense of humor, and loves LOVES loves to cuddle. If he could, he wouldn't spend every waking second (sleeping second too) snuggled up on my lap. Our Cav loves everyone he meets, after ensuring they are safe of course. He lets kids hug and kiss him, plays gently with our cats, and greets strangers with a tail wag. Our boy has tons of very soft, fine, fur. We have to groom him weekly otherwise his ears become matted. If you are thinking of a Cavalier, make sure to keep up with the grooming! I did a lot of research before deciding to get a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, and I educated myself on all of the diseases they are prone to. When I purchase my Cav, I made sure his parents were cleared for the diseases they are prone too (specifically heart disease). He is now four years old and so far so good! He's a special part of our family..
From annieanalaigh Jan 17 2019 5:17PM
Good for combatting certain types of bacteria
Cefazolin is a 1st generation Cephalosporin. While it does well against many gram positive bacteria (typically those with an uncovered, thick outer wall around the cell), it is very ineffective against gram negative bacteria (those with a thin wall that is protected by an extra membrane). While it does not cover everything, Cefazolin is easier on the body than many other antibiotics. For this reason, it is often used as a preoperative prophylaxis, given in IV fluids prior to surgery. Though its usefulness starts to diminish when dealing with "evolutionarily younger" bacteria, which are usually either gram negative or are developing resistances to certain classes of antibiotics, it remains a regularly used staple in the vet med world. It is commonly used for pneumonia, sepsis, certain bladder and urinary tract infections, or in conjunction with antibiotics that target gram negative bacteria to achieve as broad of a spectrum of treatment as possible in an unidentified infection..
From S Dean - Trainer and Former Vet Tech 618 days ago
Clicker train your dog to go on command!
The best uses for clicker training, when you are house training, are teaching your dog to do his business on command, and teaching him to alert you that he needs to go outside.
To teach a dog to eliminate on command, it's as simple as clicking when they begin to squat and rewarding them (calmly and quietly; dogs don't really like to be startled in the middle of doing that). When you get to where you can tell they are about to squat, you add the cue by saying "Potty" or "Bathroom" or whatever word you want to use right before they squat, then clicking and rewarding when they do it.
To teach a dog to alert you to his needs, you can hang a bell on the door. Click whenever he touches it and let him outside (in this case, the reward is opening the door).
Clicker training is great for so many things, including house training!.
From TricksForTreats 609 days ago
Adopt a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel from a shelter near you
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