Species group: Toy Group dogs
Other name(s): Cavalier; Cav; CKCS
Who can resist the big-eyed charm of the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel? This endearing toy breed was developed from the English Toy Spaniels who were favorite pets of Tudor ladies and even-- as the name suggests-- actual kings. Highly social, this dog is a great choice for the family where there's almost always someone around both for active exercise and for relaxed cuddling. However, because of this need to be near their humans, they're a poor choice for the family where the home is empty most of the day. A lonely Cavalier King Charles Spaniel might lose its delightful personality and act out by chasing, barking, or simply withdrawing and becoming timid.
The cute yet aristocratic appearance didn't happen by accident. In the 1920s, an American breeder began to seek out long-nosed Toy Spaniels that looked like the animals in Van Dyck's contemporaneous portraits of King Charles II and his spaniels. In 1995, the Cavalier King Charles was officially recognized by the American Kennel Club as a separate breed.
Appearance / health:
The Cavalier is a lovely small spaniel with a body slightly longer than it is tall; it has a level topline, a flat skull and a cone-shaped muzzle; it has a shallow stop, well developed nose and wide nostrils; the eyes are round, dark, and expressive; the ears are long with copious feathering; the bite should be scissored; the tail is occasionally docked by no less than 1/3 its original length, though many prefer not to dock the tail; the chest, tail, legs and feet should all be heavily feathered. The coat is long and silky with an occasional slight waviness to it. There are four accepted colorations: Blenheim, Tri-colored, Ruby, and Black and Tan.
You should brush your Cavalier with a firm bristled brush or comb him. Because all of his feathering is subject to matting and tangles, brushing and combing must be thoroughly done quite frequently. Trim the hair on the feet and between the foot pads; no other trimming of the hair should be done. Clean his ears regularly and watch his eyes for any signs of over-tearing or infection. Though the Cavalier tolerates regular bathing (either dry shampoo treatments or fully wet bathing), avoid overly wet-bathing him during the colder months. If you have given him a wet bath, ensure he is fully dry to avoid him chilling, which he can quickly do. The Cavalier is considered an average shedder; however, your diligent good brushing or combining regimen will help cut down on dog hair in the house.
For apartment dwellers, a daily walk is essential to the health of your Cavalier as they, like any dog, has an instinctive need to walk. Otherwise, Cavaliers typically get sufficient exercise romping in the house or their backyard. Cavaliers should be taught early not to jump up onto or down off of furniture in order to avoid knee and joint injuries later in life.
For a Toy breed, the Cavalier is surprisingly healthy, with the primary concerns being only luxating patella, heart murmur (which is actually rather common) and hip dysplasia. Other less common health issues include syringomyelia, early onset deafness, back trouble, hereditary eye disease, mitral valve heart disease (typically first diagnosed as a heart murmur), cataracts, and the ear infections that are usually seen in any canine breed with long, folded ears.
Careful questioning of your breeder about her parent stock and who offers a health guarantee, along with a vet check prior to purchase, will help minimize your chances of purchasing a Cavalier of inferior breeding.
Behavior / temperament:
The Cavalier is a happy little tail-wagger of a canine companion. She is outgoing, lively, eager to please, and fearless. She is possessed of an intelligence capable of understanding what her owner wants and this makes her easy to train using a method of gentle obedience training. Cavalier’s are people dogs and require a lot of companionship to be mentally and emotionally happy; she should not be left alone for extended periods of time. Because the Cavalier is the descendant of hunting dogs, she will occasionally have an urge to give chase, so never let her run unleashed in an area that is not safely enclosed. The Cavalier is a very good choice for a novice dog owner.
The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is a natural pleaser with a wonderful temperament, making them an ideal canine companion for singles, couples, or the family. They love interaction with people and have a deep need for consistent human attention on a regular, daily basis. They do not do well when left alone for even moderate amounts of time and do very poorly if left alone for extensive periods of time and leaving them alone for long periods of time will lead to unwanted behaviors such as nervousness, nuisance barking and chewing. They are not at all dog-aggressive and, with proper socialization as puppies, make excellent companions for other dogs in the home and even make good companions for cats. Cavaliers have a playful, curious nature.
The Cavalier is rated high in learning rate, obedience and problem solving skills. Because of their eager-to-please attitude, they are very easily trained using positive reinforcement training – usually just the praise and attention of their owner for a task or command well performed is sufficient positive reinforcement for this sensitive little spaniel. Cavaliers are naturally tidy, clean dogs and respond very well to proper crate training; this will also aide in housebreaking your Cavalier. The greatest key to success with your Cavalier is early socialization and lots of it – to other people, to strangers, to pets of all types. Leash training is essential to the health and well-being of your Cavalier so they do not bolt away from you in response to a need to chase something interesting. Obedience training is a terrific way to accomplish these training necessities and socialization at the same time.
Though the Cavalier is not known to be an excessive barker, they will bark in alert; and, those who are left alone frequently and for long periods of time will become neurotic, nuisance barkers.
cuddle, luxurious coat, greatest family dog, small loving dogs, loving temperament, friendliest dog
heart murmurs, huge health issues, irresponsible breeding practices, neurotic, syringomyelia
average intelligence, Cavaliers love water, Super Lazy, snoring, docile breed
"So, strictly speaking, I suppose Jake wasn't exactly my dog, and he passed away when I was still pretty young, but the memories I have of Jake are nothing but wonderful and all the stories I hear about him from my mom (which are plentiful) sweet, complimentary stories that make me smile.<br> Jake was a Blenheim Cavalier King Charles Spaniel that my mom got from a professional breeder at a dog show when she was about the age I am now and she was battling depression at the time. Jake was the perfect remedy for a sad soul. His sweet and cuddly easygoing nature was just what the doctor ordered. He was my mom's best friend, confidant, and snuggle buddy for years. He was a generally happy, but easily spooked little dog who lived for loves and cuddles. He was super easy to train because he was so eager to please the people he loved and had no desire to be apart from them. He never barked, and if dog barked at him he had the occasional bladder control issue because it made him nervous, but after a little reassurance, he was fine. He got on swimmingly with any living creature who was nice to him. His best friend was a cat named Buddy that would come to my mom's apartment in the afternoons to lay in the sunspot under the window with Jake for a few hours and then they'd say their farewells until the next sunny day. Jake did not particularly like to be outside; one time my parents took him hiking and afterwards he was so afraid they'd do it again, that they had to pick him up and carry him to the grass just to get him to go potty!<br> When my mother was pregnant with me, she was put on bed rest for four months. Four months of being alone in bed all day with nothing to do while my dad was at work. I imagine that would have been awful, but who else was there to make everything better but her best friend and confidant, her little Blenheim bundle of love? He snuggled with her all day, every day without complaint and without even asking to go to the bathroom, he just held it in until my dad got home to let him out. I think Jake's love and company was probably the only thing that kept my mom sane for that period of time.<br> When I finally arrived, Jake wasn't happy about being replaced as "the baby," but there wasn't an aggressive bone in his body, so he respectfully tolerated me until my first birthday. On my first birthday, I was given a cupcake. Apparently, I did not have a taste for cupcakes when I was one- a sentiment I cannot wrap my head around today- and so I decided to call Jake over and share it with him. A beautiful friendship was born that day. He watched over me and showed me affection when I sat still long enough to receive it. He was a little old to keep up with me by the time I was around, but that didn't stop him from loving me and my mom and dad until he got into his ripe old age and lost his hearing, his sight, and smelled a bit like old cabbage, and finally he passed away on Mother's Day. I'd like to believe he held on that long just to be there that morning to tell my mom happy Mother's Day, and just how much he loved her. I will always remember his love and his patience. He was truly a wonderful companion.."
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