Caucasian Ovcharka

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Is the Caucasian Ovcharka right for you?

Species group:

Other name(s): Caucasian Sheepdog; Caucasian Ovcharka Guardian Dog; Caucasian Shepherd's Dog; Kavkaskaya Ovcharka;

The basics:
The Caucasian Ovcharka is a large, powerful livestock guarding dog native to the mountain regions of the Georgian, Armenian and Azerbaijani Republics, as well as the steppe regions of the northern Caucasus. For centuries, it has lived in a semi-wild state functioning as a watchdog, a herding dog, and sometimes as a fighting dog, while surviving the fierce climate and terrain. They are popular in the nations of the former Soviet Union for their hardiness, strength, and ability to withstand any climate. Indeed, they have been known to fight wolves and coyotes.

As a result, this breed has been developed into a tough, independent-minded dog that demands an experienced owner who knows how to provide consistent training and socialization. If you are fragile or easily intimidated by a large dog, this is not the right choice for you. The ideal owner is a confident trainer with deep insight into dog psychology, coupled with the time and desire to train the pet to do something worthwhile.

The American Kennel Club registers Caucasian Ovtcharkas as part of the Foundation Stock Service-- the first step on the path to official recognition for the breed in the US. It has already been assigned to the working group.

Appearance / health:
The Caucasian Ovcharka's head is massive, wedge-shaped, and tapers slightly to a blunt muzzle with high-set hanging ears. The slightly almond-shaped eyes are set deep. The skull is wide with well developed pronounced cheek bones. The forehead is wide and flat. The bone structure is massive with well-developed muscles. The thick tail hangs down but may be carried above the back as a sickle-shaped hook or ring when the dog is excited or moving.

They shed heavily once a year. Regular brushing and combing removes dead hair. The coat of the longhaired variety requires frequent brushings, paying special attention to the spots where tangles may occur. The shorthaired variety needs less grooming, but should still be combed and brushed.

They require moderate amounts of exercise. Short sprints of 15-20 minutes are necessary to keep them happy. Dogs may accompany their masters on a bike ride as they run along. Walking is a good form of exercise, but with large breeds, it may not be sufficient.

Caucasians are a relatively healthy breed. However, as with all large dogs, they can be afflicted with hip dysplasia, a condition marked by abnormal hip formation that can cause lameness.

Behavior / temperament:
The Caucasian Ovtcharka's original purpose was to protect livestock and hence they protect their family as "flock." They are very catlike. Caucasians are serious dogs and are not usually very playful though some of them can be. They virtually fear nothing though they are not aggressive. They are not attack dogs but their protective instincts are strong. They do not trust strangers and dislike unfamiliar situations. They love snow.

Early socialization and obedience class are necessary to help Caucasians adapt to different people and situations. Training needs to be consistent, firm, and patient. Harsh training methods may not work for a Caucasian.

They are not very noisy though they may bark at anything they think is suspicious.


gentle giant, best guard dogs, alert protector, tough dog, working dog, livestock guardian dog


natural aggression, aggressive dog, strong defense drive


great primative breed, huge powerful dog, rare breeds, strong fence, guys worst nightmare

Helpful Caucasian Ovcharka Review

Caucasian Ovcharka

From katesorenson Jul 13 2015 2:24PM


Caucasian Ovcharka Training Tip

Caucasian Ovcharka

From 553 days ago

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