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Is the Bolognese right for you?

Species group:

Other name(s): Bichon Bolognese; Bolognese Toy Dog; Bologneser; Bolo; Botoli; Bottolo

The basics:
As its name suggests, the Bolognese originated in the northern Italian city of Bologna, where it was developed as early as the 12th century into a charming toy breed that become a popular present exchanged between Renaissance nobles. Alas, it almost vanished in modern times and is gradually being recovered thanks to the efforts of breeders who work to save rare dogs.

The Bolognese has been recorded in the American Kennel Club's Foundation Stock Service since 1999, a step on the path toward recognition in the US.

Appearance / health:
The Bolognese is a small, stocky toy dog with a thick layer of pure white fluffy hair covering its entire body. The body is square with a short neck and muzzle. The ears are set high and mostly hanging. The eyes are round and big, mostly black. The tail is set high, curved over the back and covered by hair.

The breed normally does not shed. However, since the coat is long and dense, it requires daily brushing and combing, and monthly grooming sessions. Regular grooming is necessary because the hair tangles very easily.

They require some amounts of exercise everyday. A short walk or a play session may be sufficient for most dogs of this breed.

The Bolognese is normally a very healthy dog but may be prone to diseases like luxating patellas (dislocation of the kneecap), eye abnormalities, and hip / elbow dysplasia (hereditary disease that affects the hip and elbow joints causing lameness).

Behavior / temperament:
The Bolognese is an alert dog with acute hearing. They require constant human company and cannot do without their owners for too long. Poorly socialized dogs may show excessive timidity.

The Bolognese requires consistent crate training. It responds rather well to obedience training and has a high rate of learning. Early socialization with different people and situations will help to prevent behavioral problems.

The Bolognese by nature is not aggressive or noisy. However, it tends to bark at strangers and tends to howl when left alone.

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