Species group: Hound Group dogs
Other name(s): Black and Tan; American Black and Tan Coonhound; American Black and Tan
The Black and Tan Coonhound is one of several fine tracking breeds developed from foxhounds in the American south in order to pursue raccoons-- a pursuit that demands courage, tenacity, and enthusiasm about working with a human partner. The Black and Tan was recognized by the AKC as a separate breed from the American Foxhound in 1945, the first coonhound to receive that honor. Like the other coonhounds such as the Redbone, the Black and Tan is respected for its enthusiasm in the field and its ability to relax by the fire at home with the family. It can be a fine choice for hunters or families who love to spend a lot of time exploring the outdoors.
Appearance / health:
There are two types of Black and Tan Coonhound: show and field. The show types are a bit larger compared to the field types. Black and Tan Coonhounds are large and powerful dogs. The head is average in size with a large black nose and long drooping lips. The eyes are hazel to dark brown in color. The ears are very long and hanging. The feet are compact, with well-knuckled, strongly arched toes, and thick, strong pads. The tail is strong, carried free, and is at approximately right angle to back when the dog is in action.
Black and Tan Coonhounds are moderate shedders. Brushing their coat twice a week is sufficient to stimulate coat growth and remove dead hair. Coonhounds have a typical doggy smell. Bathing may be required every week or month. Toe nails can be trimmed once in two or three weeks. Ears should be checked and cleaned regularly. Occasional brushing using special toothpaste and toothbrush available at pet stores helps to prevent tartar build up.
Taking them for a walk regularly presents them with new sights and smells and satiates their instinct for adventure. Keeping them involved in agility and tracking class serves as an outlet for their high energy levels.
Black and Tan Coonhounds are prone to hip dysplasia, (a hereditary disease which may eventually cause crippling lameness and arthritis of joints) hypothyroidism (a pathological condition resulting from severe thyroid insufficiency), and skin and coat problems.
Behavior / temperament:
Black and Tan Coonhounds are hunting dog and companion dog rolled into one. They are generally placid dogs, but can be persistent on the hunt. They are scent hounds and have a strong exploratory instinct. They should not be let off leash, as they can be difficult to recall.
Coonhounds are intelligent and quick to learn. They do exceptionally well in activities such as tracking, search, and rescue. However, they may pose difficulty in agility and obedience training that involves little or no use of their keen sense of smell. Harsh disciplinary measures need to be avoided while training, as this may adversely affect their behavior.
Black and Tan Coonhounds are average barkers. However, they start baying if left alone for few hours. They bay excessively when not provided with sufficient physical exercise and mental stimulation.
great hunters, tracking dog, rural area, great family dog, country dogs, sweet dog
loud bark, invisible squirrels, Loud, city living, apartment dwellers, hyper ones
hypersensitive nose, gps collar, slight jowls, exciting scents, big ears
With a Grain of Salt
My neighbor came to me one day saying he had seen a dog thrown out of the back of a truck, but didn't know where it had gone after that. I found her; a thin built dog that was so stubborn to get where she wanted to go that she slowly dragged her road burn covered, broken pawed self for an hour in the summer heat as I followed her, slowly getting closer until I could slip a rope on and walk her home with me.
Stubborn! I had always heard hound dogs were dogs that were always on alert and stubborn, but I never imagined she would be that ten out of ten. But she was. She still is! She never stopped pacing the yard, going on full alert at every sound coming from the woods around us, and she had no slow pace. Soon after this, I found out another thing I'd heard was true: hound dogs are master escape artists. Have you ever seen the kennels for them that have concrete floors, roofed tops, fencing to the ceiling, and a padlock on it? There is a reason for all that security, this dog can climb fences, jump fence, dig under fences, or just bust it open if "needed." It is hard to stop a dog that wants to hunt.
Despite being terrified (likely due to past abuse) of adults, Maida has always been great with kids. My toddler can crawl all over her, pull her ears, chase her with clanging pots and pans, screech - Maida just puts up with it all and still wants to give her kisses.
She is also great with other animals. She has never fought our other dogs, chased the horses, or killed the chickens. In fact, whenever we had new chicks, Maida has basically adopted them. She sleeps near them, follows them when they eventually explore the pastures, chases the other dogs away from them if they seem likely to eat one at random, and the scar on her face? She got that from fighting off a pair of raccoon's that had broken into the chicken pen one night.
The only thing that can get on my nerves about her is when she bays, which is going to happen because she is a hound dog. It is surprisingly loud, and as far as I can tell she will never lose her voice no matter how often she uses it to alert the whole neighborhood that a squirrel went up a tree in her presence.
Pros: gentle, friendly, intelligent, endurance
Cons: loud, stubborn, escapist.
From Caitlin_P Jun 20 2015 10:27AM
Important for every dog, extremly important for dogs with osteoarthritis
Best way to prevent, or at least prolong the time before your old dog becomes arthritic is to keep them lean and strong. This is also important for longevity and overall health, so it should be your main goal if you want to keep your dog alive and well for as long as possible. I can't stress the importance of keeping your dog fit and strong if it has osteoarthritis. If your dog is overweight joints have to bear more weight, and if it's muscles aren't strong joints bear even more weight then they should, which leads to increased friction and damage of the joints. If your dog is in perfect physical condition (body condition score 4-5 on 9 point scale) joints bear minimum amount of weight they have to, and if it's muscles, tendons and ligaments are strong they reduce weight bearing of the joints even more. This is important for overall health, as well as in cases of osteoarthritis and other orthopedic conditions. So keep your dog fit and strong. .
From Vuk Ignjic DVM 128 days ago
Choke collars are not the best tools to use for dogs who pull. How many times have you seen people walking their dogs on a choke collar and the dog pulling?! This is because to properly use a punishment device, which is what a choke collar is, you should only have to give 3 or 4 firm, appropriate corrections and then your dog should never repeat the behavior again. People do not have the stomach to give their dogs a stiff enough correction to work in 3 or 4 trials. Further, weaker handlers do not have the strength to give their (large) dogs a strong enough correction for them to understand. Hence, while the correction will work in the short term, all too soon, the dog is back to pulling again and that level of correction has become simply a nag. Then the correction will need to be stronger to get them to attend to it.
For a dog who outweighs or out-muscles its handler, the use of a head halter is a better choice, as it gives one greater control of the weakest part of the dog's body, their head. Just as we can use a halter to guide a horse, so can we use the same technique to guide a dog.
Laura Garber, CPDT-KA, CC, FFCP
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