Species group: Non-Sporting Group dogs
Other name(s): Eskie; American Eskimo; American Spitz
The American Eskimo Dog is a furry white cutie that belongs to the Spitz family. It looks huggable and is certainly well-regarded as a pet, thanks to its high intelligence and engaging personality. Because it's so open to training and performing, the Eskie has often appeared in circus acts across America. However, thanks to this same high intelligence, a neglected Eskie will find a way to cause trouble. Be sure you have enough time to spend in vigorous play that involves both body and mind if you're thinking about this breed.
The name is completely misleading. The dog was brought to American by German immigrants. However, it began to be recognized as a distinct breed at the same time as the beginning of World War I, when anti-German sentiment was at a high. Therefore, the name was changed from the German Spitz Dog to the American Eskimo Dog.
Appearance / health:
Eskies are recognized by the American Kennel Club (“AKC”) in three varieties: the Toy, which is 9 - 12 inches at the withers; the Miniature, which is between 12 - 15 inches; and the Standard, between 15 - 19 inches.
Eskies give an appearance of a strong, compact, agile dog, with a broad chest. Their neck is thick; their legs are medium length and should be well boned. Though Eskies are born with floppy ears, the ears should stand erect in adulthood. Overall, the American Eskimo Dog should give an appearance of a dog that’s been bred for hard work and endurance.
The Eskie should have a large, wedge-shaped head that is broad and “Nordic” in type and the adults have triangle-shaped ears that stand up (the ears of an Eskie puppy typically flop over). The head of the female is narrower than the male. Their dark eyes are widely spaced and slanting and, while their eyes may sometimes be hazel or yellow, they should never be rounded or bulged. The Eskie has a tapered muzzle that is neither too short nor too long. Their tails curl up and over their backs, in a feather-like manner; this is referred to as a “plume.” Females will sometimes carry their tails down.
Eskies have beautiful and distinctive black (preferable) or brown lips, noses and eye rims. Some consider blue eyes in an Eskie to be an indication of poor health or less than desirable breeding. Blue eyes are considered a defect.
The American Eskimo dog is a heavier than average shedder. During coat blows, your Eskie will need to be brushed daily. For general maintenance of the coat, brushing three or four times a week using a firm bristle brush will go far to keeping the coat in good condition and, even more importantly, this regular brushing goes far toward preventing matting and tangling of the coat. Bathing should be done only when necessary as Eskies tend to have very dry skin and it is very important to brush and comb them until they are fully tangle-free before bathing. As a rule, the Eskie does not have any natural odor and are self-groomers.
Food habits: American Eskimo Dogs have been noted to display food habits different from other breeds and can be very picky eaters. You may notice your Eskie eating fast or, sometimes, they avoid eating at all if they do not like the food. A human-grade, quality dog food that contains no corn is recommended. Many dogs, including the American Eskimo Dog, are allergic to corn; furthermore, corn is not easily digestible. If you notice your Eskie refusing to eat, it is recommended that you try several different foods in order to find one that he likes.
The American Eskimo can do well as an apartment dog provided he can be provided with frequent, long walks and stimulating games. A dog tired from proper exercise is less likely to indulge in destructive behavior. Of course, a nice backyard, properly fenced, is always the preferable environment for your companion dog to safely play and run of excess energy.
The American Eskimo Dog is, for the most part, a healthy breed. However, they can be prone to: Progressive Retinal Atrophy (“PRA”), bladder stones, elbow and knee degeneration, luxating patella, Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease, cataracts, and epilepsy. The Eskie can be prone to allergies, particularly flea allergies. If your Eskie is not kept flea-free, it can suffer from flea-bite dermatitis/acute moist dermatitis, also known as “hot spots.”
Behavior / temperament:
American Eskimo Dogs are smart, curious, and can be mischievous if it is not properly trained as a puppy and if it is not given something to do; they also have high problem solving skills and incredible agility – two qualities that could cause an untrained Eskie to find all kinds of “fun” stuff to get into. Properly trained, the Eskie can be a very obedient member of the family. They do require mental and physical stimulation and will invent “jobs” for themselves if not given any by their owners.
The Eskie is a wonderful companion dog, as well as a very good watch dog. They are protective by nature but seldom bite; an excellent watchdog that is non-threatening and non-aggressive. They can be “alert barkers,” alerting their people to unfamiliar activity and, to some, this alert barking can become a nuisance. They are very loyal; quite busy and playful as a puppy; and mature into an affectionate companion that enjoys attention. They are suspicious, reserved, and distrustful of strangers. An untrained Eskie who has not been properly socialized as a puppy can be very willful and they can easily develop bad habits if they are not healthily stimulated.
The American Eskimo Dog is extremely intelligent and therefore is easy to train, particularly if the training begins early in puppyhood. The Eskie is obedient and eager to please, but requires firm, fair, and consistent training to achieve and maintain proper social skills. Socialization from an early stage is will, in most cases, prevent later aggressive tendencies.
Eskies are barkers. They were originally bred to warn their owners if anything abnormal approached the home / farm, and they haven't forgotten their watchdog instincts.
great watchdogs, beautiful smile, smartest dogs, intelligent breed, sweet, snow white hair
High Maint, destructiveness, full-time job, escape artist, problem barkers, regular grooming
independent thinkers, excellent mousers, double coat, biweekly bath, whitening shampoo
"I have been the proud co-owner of a Purebred American Eskimo named Baby for 14 years. We did not know that he would live up to his name so well at birth, as his name was simply the next step from his parents, Guy and Lady. But boy did he turn out to be a big baby. Scared of his own shadow. This is not necessarily a breed standard, as his parents were little spitfires! Baby is an anxious, constant yapping, wannabe ankle biting, rule breaker with lifelong housebreaking problems. But he is also loyal, alert, and loving to those he trusts. His parents are much better in every issue, so don't let Baby scare you off. But this breed needs a lot of attention, training, and A LOT of grooming (A LOT A LOT!), so keep those things in mind.."
From CarrieG Feb 22 2017 3:49AM
"Best way to prevent, or at least prolong the time before your old dog becomes arthritic is to keep them lean and strong. This is also important for longevity and overall health, so it should be your main goal if you want to keep your dog alive and well for as long as possible. I can't stress the importance of keeping your dog fit and strong if it has osteoarthritis. If your dog is overweight joints have to bear more weight, and if it's muscles aren't strong joints bear even more weight then they should, which leads to increased friction and damage of the joints. If your dog is in perfect physical condition (body condition score 4-5 on 9 point scale) joints bear minimum amount of weight they have to, and if it's muscles, tendons and ligaments are strong they reduce weight bearing of the joints even more. This is important for overall health, as well as in cases of osteoarthritis and other orthopedic conditions. So keep your dog fit and strong. ."
From Vuk Ignjic DVM 36 days ago
"The first concern for dog owners, when it comes to crate training, is whether this is a cruel way to train your dog. My usual answer is ABSOLUTELY NOT! The important thing is to start at an early age, following this advice: - Keep the crate in a room where you often spend time when at home, for example your living room. - At the beginning, let your dog go in and out the crate as he pleases. - Leave in the crate a t-shirt of yours, an old one will do; the smell on it will make the dog feel more comfortable. - Water is a must in the crate and I don’t personally recommend to leave food inside, unless you want to give your dog a bone or something to chew on. It is also perfectly fine to use the crate when your dog misbehaves, most people think it is not but try to think of it this way: when you were a kid your mum must have told you, and probably more than once, to go to your room after you did something wrong, and I am pretty sure this didn’t make you hate your room. It works the same with dogs, by putting them in the crate you will make them calm down and give them time to reflect and learn, as long as you follow these few rules: - The crate must be in the same room, or a room close by, as you are; don’t punish your dog by leaving him alone in the basement. - If your dog misbehaves don’t send him to the crate right away, let it to go the first couple of times. - Don’t keep him in the crate for too long and absolutely do not shout at him while is in the crate. - Avoid the use of the crate if the room is full of people or dogs. ."
From Luca Trainer 165 days ago