Species group: Non-Sporting Group dogs
Other name(s): Eskie; American Eskimo; American Spitz
The American Eskimo Dog is a furry white cutie that belongs to the Spitz family. It looks huggable and is certainly well-regarded as a pet, thanks to its high intelligence and engaging personality. Because it's so open to training and performing, the Eskie has often appeared in circus acts across America. However, thanks to this same high intelligence, a neglected Eskie will find a way to cause trouble. Be sure you have enough time to spend in vigorous play that involves both body and mind if you're thinking about this breed.
The name is completely misleading. The dog was brought to American by German immigrants. However, it began to be recognized as a distinct breed at the same time as the beginning of World War I, when anti-German sentiment was at a high. Therefore, the name was changed from the German Spitz Dog to the American Eskimo Dog.
Appearance / health:
Eskies are recognized by the American Kennel Club (“AKC”) in three varieties: the Toy, which is 9 - 12 inches at the withers; the Miniature, which is between 12 - 15 inches; and the Standard, between 15 - 19 inches.
Eskies give an appearance of a strong, compact, agile dog, with a broad chest. Their neck is thick; their legs are medium length and should be well boned. Though Eskies are born with floppy ears, the ears should stand erect in adulthood. Overall, the American Eskimo Dog should give an appearance of a dog that’s been bred for hard work and endurance.
The Eskie should have a large, wedge-shaped head that is broad and “Nordic” in type and the adults have triangle-shaped ears that stand up (the ears of an Eskie puppy typically flop over). The head of the female is narrower than the male. Their dark eyes are widely spaced and slanting and, while their eyes may sometimes be hazel or yellow, they should never be rounded or bulged. The Eskie has a tapered muzzle that is neither too short nor too long. Their tails curl up and over their backs, in a feather-like manner; this is referred to as a “plume.” Females will sometimes carry their tails down.
Eskies have beautiful and distinctive black (preferable) or brown lips, noses and eye rims. Some consider blue eyes in an Eskie to be an indication of poor health or less than desirable breeding. Blue eyes are considered a defect.
The American Eskimo dog is a heavier than average shedder. During coat blows, your Eskie will need to be brushed daily. For general maintenance of the coat, brushing three or four times a week using a firm bristle brush will go far to keeping the coat in good condition and, even more importantly, this regular brushing goes far toward preventing matting and tangling of the coat. Bathing should be done only when necessary as Eskies tend to have very dry skin and it is very important to brush and comb them until they are fully tangle-free before bathing. As a rule, the Eskie does not have any natural odor and are self-groomers.
Food habits: American Eskimo Dogs have been noted to display food habits different from other breeds and can be very picky eaters. You may notice your Eskie eating fast or, sometimes, they avoid eating at all if they do not like the food. A human-grade, quality dog food that contains no corn is recommended. Many dogs, including the American Eskimo Dog, are allergic to corn; furthermore, corn is not easily digestible. If you notice your Eskie refusing to eat, it is recommended that you try several different foods in order to find one that he likes.
The American Eskimo can do well as an apartment dog provided he can be provided with frequent, long walks and stimulating games. A dog tired from proper exercise is less likely to indulge in destructive behavior. Of course, a nice backyard, properly fenced, is always the preferable environment for your companion dog to safely play and run of excess energy.
The American Eskimo Dog is, for the most part, a healthy breed. However, they can be prone to: Progressive Retinal Atrophy (“PRA”), bladder stones, elbow and knee degeneration, luxating patella, Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease, cataracts, and epilepsy. The Eskie can be prone to allergies, particularly flea allergies. If your Eskie is not kept flea-free, it can suffer from flea-bite dermatitis/acute moist dermatitis, also known as “hot spots.”
Behavior / temperament:
American Eskimo Dogs are smart, curious, and can be mischievous if it is not properly trained as a puppy and if it is not given something to do; they also have high problem solving skills and incredible agility – two qualities that could cause an untrained Eskie to find all kinds of “fun” stuff to get into. Properly trained, the Eskie can be a very obedient member of the family. They do require mental and physical stimulation and will invent “jobs” for themselves if not given any by their owners.
The Eskie is a wonderful companion dog, as well as a very good watch dog. They are protective by nature but seldom bite; an excellent watchdog that is non-threatening and non-aggressive. They can be “alert barkers,” alerting their people to unfamiliar activity and, to some, this alert barking can become a nuisance. They are very loyal; quite busy and playful as a puppy; and mature into an affectionate companion that enjoys attention. They are suspicious, reserved, and distrustful of strangers. An untrained Eskie who has not been properly socialized as a puppy can be very willful and they can easily develop bad habits if they are not healthily stimulated.
The American Eskimo Dog is extremely intelligent and therefore is easy to train, particularly if the training begins early in puppyhood. The Eskie is obedient and eager to please, but requires firm, fair, and consistent training to achieve and maintain proper social skills. Socialization from an early stage is will, in most cases, prevent later aggressive tendencies.
Eskies are barkers. They were originally bred to warn their owners if anything abnormal approached the home / farm, and they haven't forgotten their watchdog instincts.
great watchdogs, beautiful smile, smartest dogs, intelligent breed, sweet, snow white hair
High Maint, destructiveness, full-time job, escape artist, problem barkers, regular grooming
independent thinkers, excellent mousers, double coat, biweekly bath, whitening shampoo
American Eskimo Dog, Baby is a baby!
I have been the proud co-owner of a Purebred American Eskimo named Baby for 14 years. We did not know that he would live up to his name so well at birth, as his name was simply the next step from his parents, Guy and Lady. But boy did he turn out to be a big baby. Scared of his own shadow. This is not necessarily a breed standard, as his parents were little spitfires! Baby is an anxious, constant yapping, wannabe ankle biting, rule breaker with lifelong housebreaking problems. But he is also loyal, alert, and loving to those he trusts. His parents are much better in every issue, so don't let Baby scare you off. But this breed needs a lot of attention, training, and A LOT of grooming (A LOT A LOT!), so keep those things in mind..
From CarrieG Feb 22 2017 3:49AM
This will check for an underlying condition that can lead to corneal ulcers.
The STT evaluates tear production. "Dry eye" is a condition in dogs that can predispose them to corneal ulcers (imagine your eyes feeling like sandpaper because there aren't enough tears to clear out the everyday debris that lands in the eyes). If the debris isn't cleared out, it can lead to abrasions on the surface of the eye (ie. cornea) and cause ulcers. This test is very simple to perform, but dogs need to sit still for it. For some patients, this can be very challenging. This test is part of every eye work-up to ensure we aren't missing an additional problem..
From Rachel_Muur_DVM 12 days ago
The importance of socialization
As it is for us human beings, socializing in the early stages of our lives is extremely important for our growth and self esteem. The most important thing is to make sure that your puppy has had enough socialization and to ensure that it wasn’t taken away too soon from his litter. Often puppies, especially when for sale, are taken away from their mother and siblings way too soon. If this is not your case and your puppy was brought up following the right guidelines, make sure to provide him with the right amount of socialization time. One of the most effective ways to do so is to take him to a puppy day care. Here your puppy will be followed and looked after by a team of experts and dog trainers. Depending on the set up and environment of the day care, I recommend a minimum age of 3 months when you first bring your puppy to day care. Very important is to take it easy at the beginning: once or twice a week, for the first month at least, should be enough for your puppy, in order to give him time to adapt and get used to the day care. Most puppies will love it and they will learn from other dogs, with help of the trainers, with regard to how to behave, play and have fun. .
From Luca Trainer 341 days ago
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