Species group: Non-Sporting Group dogs
Other name(s): Eskie; American Eskimo; American Spitz
The American Eskimo Dog is a furry white cutie that belongs to the Spitz family. It looks huggable and is certainly well-regarded as a pet, thanks to its high intelligence and engaging personality. Because it's so open to training and performing, the Eskie has often appeared in circus acts across America. However, thanks to this same high intelligence, a neglected Eskie will find a way to cause trouble. Be sure you have enough time to spend in vigorous play that involves both body and mind if you're thinking about this breed.
The name is completely misleading. The dog was brought to American by German immigrants. However, it began to be recognized as a distinct breed at the same time as the beginning of World War I, when anti-German sentiment was at a high. Therefore, the name was changed from the German Spitz Dog to the American Eskimo Dog.
Appearance / health:
Eskies are recognized by the American Kennel Club (“AKC”) in three varieties: the Toy, which is 9 - 12 inches at the withers; the Miniature, which is between 12 - 15 inches; and the Standard, between 15 - 19 inches.
Eskies give an appearance of a strong, compact, agile dog, with a broad chest. Their neck is thick; their legs are medium length and should be well boned. Though Eskies are born with floppy ears, the ears should stand erect in adulthood. Overall, the American Eskimo Dog should give an appearance of a dog that’s been bred for hard work and endurance.
The Eskie should have a large, wedge-shaped head that is broad and “Nordic” in type and the adults have triangle-shaped ears that stand up (the ears of an Eskie puppy typically flop over). The head of the female is narrower than the male. Their dark eyes are widely spaced and slanting and, while their eyes may sometimes be hazel or yellow, they should never be rounded or bulged. The Eskie has a tapered muzzle that is neither too short nor too long. Their tails curl up and over their backs, in a feather-like manner; this is referred to as a “plume.” Females will sometimes carry their tails down.
Eskies have beautiful and distinctive black (preferable) or brown lips, noses and eye rims. Some consider blue eyes in an Eskie to be an indication of poor health or less than desirable breeding. Blue eyes are considered a defect.
The American Eskimo dog is a heavier than average shedder. During coat blows, your Eskie will need to be brushed daily. For general maintenance of the coat, brushing three or four times a week using a firm bristle brush will go far to keeping the coat in good condition and, even more importantly, this regular brushing goes far toward preventing matting and tangling of the coat. Bathing should be done only when necessary as Eskies tend to have very dry skin and it is very important to brush and comb them until they are fully tangle-free before bathing. As a rule, the Eskie does not have any natural odor and are self-groomers.
Food habits: American Eskimo Dogs have been noted to display food habits different from other breeds and can be very picky eaters. You may notice your Eskie eating fast or, sometimes, they avoid eating at all if they do not like the food. A human-grade, quality dog food that contains no corn is recommended. Many dogs, including the American Eskimo Dog, are allergic to corn; furthermore, corn is not easily digestible. If you notice your Eskie refusing to eat, it is recommended that you try several different foods in order to find one that he likes.
The American Eskimo can do well as an apartment dog provided he can be provided with frequent, long walks and stimulating games. A dog tired from proper exercise is less likely to indulge in destructive behavior. Of course, a nice backyard, properly fenced, is always the preferable environment for your companion dog to safely play and run of excess energy.
The American Eskimo Dog is, for the most part, a healthy breed. However, they can be prone to: Progressive Retinal Atrophy (“PRA”), bladder stones, elbow and knee degeneration, luxating patella, Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease, cataracts, and epilepsy. The Eskie can be prone to allergies, particularly flea allergies. If your Eskie is not kept flea-free, it can suffer from flea-bite dermatitis/acute moist dermatitis, also known as “hot spots.”
Behavior / temperament:
American Eskimo Dogs are smart, curious, and can be mischievous if it is not properly trained as a puppy and if it is not given something to do; they also have high problem solving skills and incredible agility – two qualities that could cause an untrained Eskie to find all kinds of “fun” stuff to get into. Properly trained, the Eskie can be a very obedient member of the family. They do require mental and physical stimulation and will invent “jobs” for themselves if not given any by their owners.
The Eskie is a wonderful companion dog, as well as a very good watch dog. They are protective by nature but seldom bite; an excellent watchdog that is non-threatening and non-aggressive. They can be “alert barkers,” alerting their people to unfamiliar activity and, to some, this alert barking can become a nuisance. They are very loyal; quite busy and playful as a puppy; and mature into an affectionate companion that enjoys attention. They are suspicious, reserved, and distrustful of strangers. An untrained Eskie who has not been properly socialized as a puppy can be very willful and they can easily develop bad habits if they are not healthily stimulated.
The American Eskimo Dog is extremely intelligent and therefore is easy to train, particularly if the training begins early in puppyhood. The Eskie is obedient and eager to please, but requires firm, fair, and consistent training to achieve and maintain proper social skills. Socialization from an early stage is will, in most cases, prevent later aggressive tendencies.
Eskies are barkers. They were originally bred to warn their owners if anything abnormal approached the home / farm, and they haven't forgotten their watchdog instincts.
great watchdogs, beautiful smile, smartest dogs, intelligent breed, sweet, snow white hair
High Maint, destructiveness, full-time job, escape artist, problem barkers, regular grooming
independent thinkers, excellent mousers, double coat, biweekly bath, whitening shampoo
"American Eskimo Dog, Baby is a baby!
I have been the proud co-owner of a Purebred American Eskimo named Baby for 14 years. We did not know that he would live up to his name so well at birth, as his name was simply the next step from his parents, Guy and Lady. But boy did he turn out to be a big baby. Scared of his own shadow. This is not necessarily a breed standard, as his parents were little spitfires! Baby is an anxious, constant yapping, wannabe ankle biting, rule breaker with lifelong housebreaking problems. But he is also loyal, alert, and loving to those he trusts. His parents are much better in every issue, so don't let Baby scare you off. But this breed needs a lot of attention, training, and A LOT of grooming (A LOT A LOT!), so keep those things in mind.."
From CarrieG Feb 22 2017 3:49AM
"The way your dog's body was meant to be fed
There are so many misconceptions about raw feeding and I hope to quickly properly educate you so making an opinion for yourself is easier. I am a certified nutritionist for dogs and cats and the moment I finished my education I knew I needed to make better choices for my own personal dogs in regards to how I fed them. There are pros and cons to any feeding method so I cannot say it's going to be easy to know exactly what choices to make. The doubtful mind always says no, so anyone unfamiliar with anything is always hesitant. I see that a lot with other professionals in the field, specifically veterinarians. I am fortunate to have an integrative veterinarian who 100% supports this feeding method. Lets talk about the pros as there are many. There is no possible way to dispute that a dog's (especially cats) digestive system and teeth are designed for a diet of animal tissue, they are carnivores. Having jagged teeth throughout their mouth and a very short digestive tract, their bodies are not equipped to properly process plant material. Think of a cow's or sheep's flat teeth, made for grinding plants, and their 4 chambered stomachs, made to digest and assimilate nutrients from plants. They are herbivores. Feeding a diet of dry dog food, which is very heavy in plant based ingredients of many varieties,synthetic vitamins, and taste additives reeks havoc on their entire body systems over time. Some say feeding raw is expensive and time consuming. I'm part of a group with thousands and thousands of raw feeders around the world and we completely disagree. If you can follow a simple recipe you can make raw food for your pet. Learning how to shop for ingredients on sale and making relationships with local butchers is all you need to make it affordable. I feed two dogs raw cheaper than I wold purchasing an average quality dry food. It CAN be done if your pet's lifetime of health is important to you. There are so many support systems out there for this approach, it truly couldn't be any easier. The shelf life of raw food is far longer than that of dry food. Did you know that the nutrients and quality of dry food diminishes with the passing of each day? My dog's food is kept in a deep freezer and put in the refrigerator for thawing each night, ready for the next day. Freezing locks in all nutrients and can be kept for years without spoiling. Does your dog suffer from chronic conditions like ear infections and skin issues? Did you ever think it could be food related? Well let me tell you that it is. I have assisted with completely eradicating a host of chronic health issues in dogs and cats with diet alone. To most recently include a chihuahua with disc disease and no use of his hind legs. He now climbs steps and runs. He is 12 years old. No other therapy than a raw diet, regular massage, and one veterinary acupuncture visit. Let's talk about the cons. Now, most freeze dried and premade raw can be expensive for the amount you get. Feeding freeze dried is mostly for convenience. I use it when I need convenience like a weekend camping trip. I enjoy making my dog's food. There a lot of satisfaction in it for me. There is so much talk about bacteria like salmonella and e.coli when someone references raw food. Can it be present in raw food? Of course! But, did you know that your dry food can and does have the same bacteria? Dry and canned pet food recalls are a very common for bacteria. I have 100% control over the ingredients, processing, and storing of my pets raw food. Proper handling and sourcing of raw ingredients can and does deeply diminish the probability of bacteria. What about parasites? Again, yes of course raw materials can have parasites. As can dry and canned mass produced pet food. And again, the proper handling and sourcing of these ingredients remove this concern. (As a note: I have been raw feeding for over 5 years and NOT ONE of my dogs or clients have been treated for parasites or bacterial issues) Proper formulation can be a con to raw feeding. Honestly, its ridiculously easy. But without the proper ratio of ingredients you can cause issues. Companies make you think it is hard. They want to make you buy their product. It's a marketing scheme that works and unfortunately affects our pets negatively. I hope this review can shed light into the seemingly scary world of raw feeding. Educate yourselves and don't be afraid to jump in head first. Your pet's health and quality of life will be all the proof you need to know this is without a doubt the best decision you have ever made. ."
From Megan S 21 days ago
"behavior training tool
All dogs need to learn how to behave and a great "brain-break" and self soothing tool to use between activities or for crate training is a kong. Filled with a treat or small bit of peanut butter, this activity can provide the dog with a reward sensation as well as a much needed chewing activity for "down time" between trainings. We have utilized this with many of our breeds but huskies can be downright destructive to any material, so use of the kong is fabulous (while supervised) once the husky reaches maturity. As puppies are constantly teething and learning what is THEIRS and what is yours, kongs are a wonderful "replacement" tool for your couch, shoes and other destructible items in your home. ."
From petlover2 54 days ago
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