Species group: Non-Sporting Group dogs
Other name(s): Xolo; Xoloitzcuintle; Mexican Hairless Dog; Perro sin Pelo Mexicano; Chien nu mexicain
Believed to be one of the earliest domesticated dog breeds, the Xoloitzcuintli (Mexican Hairless Dog) could date back 3,000 years, according to figurines of the Xolo found in tombs of the Toltec, Aztec, Mayan, Zapoteca and Colima Indians. Although many breeds do change over time, it's believed that today's Xolo is virtually the same dog that the Aztecs and Mayans prized millennia ago. Loyal to family and an excellent watchdog, they still demand attention today.
Because this dog is a more primitive breed, it might not be right for the newbie dog owner. You need to be able to provide kind, consistent socialization that doesn't violate a sensitive animal's trust.
Appearance / health:
The Mexican Hairless Dog comes in Toy, Standard and Miniature size varieties. Xolos also come in two coat varieties, the coated and the hairless. The Xolo has a broad skull and black or skin colored nose. It has almond shaped eyes that are dark with large upright bat like ears. Its keen sense of hearing makes it an excellent watchdog.
Both coated and hairless varieties of Xolos do not require much attention by way of grooming. In the hairless variety most skin problems that arise have been found to be due to poor breeding, neglect or the deprivation of natural protection as a result of clogging of pores from over bathing or over lotioning. A well bred hairless Xolo requires bathing and lotion only once or twice a month to keep its skin fine and soft.
The coated Xolo needs to be bathed and brushed daily or at least weekly to keep shedding at bay. Toe nails need to be clipped weekly along with brushing of teeth. The hairless variety is preferred by allergy sufferers, as there is no hair to shed while the coated variety, with regular brushing sheds very little.
The Xolo can be prone to allergies, skin issues (and not necessarily from being a poorly bred dog), ear infections, seizures, luxating patellas, and several eye problems. Skin health in the hairless variety is of some concern and a sweater in very cold climates is necessary. Excessive lotioning and bathing can be avoided. Dark colored and solid colored Xolos have the hardiest skin, spotted and light colors require more care.
Behavior / temperament:
The Xolo needs a great deal of companionship; it does not like being left alone for more than a few hours. Bored Xolos become anxious and destructive as they go about chewing and barking wildly. The Xolo is also sensitive to tension and distress in the house.
Like all "primitive" breeds, Xolos are difficult to housebreak. Consistent training is necessary but sometimes some Xoloitzcuintles never get fully housebroken. Obedience training requires much consistency and patience on the part of the owner of the Xolo.
Xoloitzcuintles can be a nuisance, as they tend to bark at every new sight or sound.
comfort me, intelligent, wonderful companion
sid my xolo
i love the xolo breed, you dont have a rating for bondability its a shame, as this dog is so close to me he knows what im thinking and i know what hes thinking, he is trainable yes but very intelligent, he doesnt show off wht he knows but if you have chicken he would even dance for you, when another adult puts their hand on me roughly (in play) hes there huffing at them and daring them to do it again, we havent gone further to see what he would do but the huff and the look would stop anyone , he climbs, he catches the doves in the air i really must inform my neighbour one day i know where his missing birds are, he is very playful, he knows when im feeling down and he lays on me and cuddles in to comfort me, he knows when he is being cheeky when he jumps on my bed while im on the phone , he knows he is not allowed upstairs but the look on his face you can see he is laughing, i have never bonded to an animal so much as ive bonded to our sid, he has bonded with my disabled daughter and has given her a new lease of life improving her mobility , speech and activity, he alerts me when she is not well or having a seizure he worries about her when she is not home he brings me one of her toys and he will carry it around all day or until he next sees her, they play on the trampoline together, he plays football with my son, this dog is part of my family i could never be without a xolo and never without sid..
From kassy76 Apr 16 2009 6:31AM
Xolos Xolos come in three sizes (toy, miniature & standard) and two varieties (hairless & coated). The Minis and Standards are used as guard dogs in their native Mexico and even the Toys have that same ‘working dog’ temperament. The breed is intelligent and with proper training, Xolos can excel at many things – including obedience, therapy or agility. But this breed does require proper breeding, socialization, training and direction right from the start, as Xolos can be independent and stubborn. Since this is a ‘primitive’ breed, Xolos can revert to being feral more easily than most breeds if they are without continual human contact and supervision. Young Xolos are not only intelligent but also active and therefore, can be destructive without proper supervision. The breed doesn't work for everyone but they can make a wonderful companion provided they are given the attention and training.
Xolos come in three sizes (toy, miniature & standard) and two varieties (hairless & coated). The Minis and Standards are used as guard dogs in their native Mexico and even the Toys have that same ‘working dog’ temperament. The breed is intelligent and with proper training, Xolos can excel at many things – including obedience, therapy or agility. But this breed does require proper breeding, socialization, training and direction right from the start, as Xolos can be independent and stubborn. Since this is a ‘primitive’ breed, Xolos can revert to being feral more easily than most breeds if they are without continual human contact and supervision. Young Xolos are not only intelligent but also active and therefore, can be destructive without proper supervision. The breed doesn't work for everyone but they can make a wonderful companion provided they are given the attention and training..
From Kalon Jan 17 2009 4:50AM
Exotic and unruly
The owner of this dog had found it online through a rescue, and presented at the clinic for a checkup. When the owner arrived, he walked in with the dog off of a leash because he couldn't get one on her. She tried to bite everyone. We couldn't get her in a cage. She backed herself into a corner, and we couldn't even touch her to examine her.
This is a really rare breed, and this is the only one I've ever had the misfortune of having to wrangle. It's definitely possible that I just met a bad apple, but maybe there is a reason that this interesting breed has not caught on.
Bottom line: If you have to have this exotic dog, then be prepared for the long haul of training and socializing. This is likely going to be a tough nut to crack.
Photo: "Mexico.Xoloitzcuintle.01". Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons - http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Mexico.Xoloitzcuintle.01.jpg#mediaviewer/File:Mexico.Xoloitzcuintle.01.jpg.
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