Species group: Working Group dogs
Other name(s): Sammy; Bjelkier; Samoiedskaya Sobaka; Nenetskaya Laika
The beautiful Samoyed is a spirited, intelligent working dog of the far north, originally developed by the Samoyede people of northwestern Siberia to hunt, herd reindeer, and haul sleds. They made a name for themselves at the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th, when they pulled sledges for the Arctic and Antarctic expeditions. As you might expect, they're best suited for active owners in cold climates who have lots of time to spend outside with their pets. A well-trained Samoyed is a gentle, adaptable friend who enjoys doing something useful or active. A poorly trained or neglected Samoyed, however, can become restless and start looking for something to destroy.
Appearance / health:
The Samoyed's almond-shaped eyes should be black or brown. The wedge-shaped skull is broad and slightly crowned. The muzzle is of medium length and width. The lips are black and slightly curved, giving the impression of a smile. The triangular ears are thick, well furred, and erect. The chest is deep. The tail is curled over their backs. The neck is strong and well muscled.
Samoyeds shed heavily once or twice a year. Combing the coat is done to remove any loose hair. During other times, brushing the coat at least twice a week is necessary. The dog should be bathed on an occasional basis based on outside conditions and regularity of grooming. A well-groomed dog that lives indoors most of the time will require less bathing than might be expected of a white dog. They have no doggy odor.
Most Samoyed enjoy a high level of activity, making them excellent hiking companions. A Samoyed that is getting enough regular exercise and physical and mental stimulation should be a calm and quiet housedog. Samoyeds require moderate amounts of exercise ever day. Many owners involve their dogs in sledding, racing, and herding. A combination of long daily walks, games, swims, etc. is ideal for the Samoyed. They are cold climate dogs who like to be outdoors, so think twice if you live in a hot climate.
Samoyeds are hardy dogs that generally suffer from few health problems. Obesity, skin infections, diabetes, and eye problems may occur in some dogs. Hip dysplasia (abnormal joint formation) may cause lameness in some dogs. Prospective buyers should ask for certification that the parents have been cleared of any hereditary conditions pertaining to hips and eyes.
Behavior / temperament:
Samoyeds are expressive dogs, and do not hesitate to voice their demands. Samoyeds love to dig. This behavior can be traced to the habit of digging holes for comfort in cold weather. Boredom comes easily to the Samoyed and hence owners may need to provide them the necessary mental stimulation. Incessant chewing may be the first sign of boredom. Samoyeds love being with their families and enjoy being a part of all activities. The herding instinct may be seen in some dogs.
They are intelligent dogs with a high learning rate. However, they may be obstinate at times, requiring great patience, kindness, and consistency. Positive training methods work well with these dogs, as they require good amounts of praise and motivation. However, it is important that the owner be the clear “leader of the pack” or the Samoyed may well decide it is his/her job to fill that vacancy. Exposure to different situations, people, and places socializes Samoyeds and helps them adjust to their environments.
Samoyeds will bark if left outside unattended for long periods of time; if and when squirrels, cats, other dogs, etc. pass their yard; and sometimes when people are approaching the yard. A polite, well-trained Samoyed shouldS not be overly noisy when in the house, although many of them vocalize when seeking attention. Usually, these are not loud sounds and more in the nature of small howls (“woo woo”s) than actual barks. However, some people do find the voice unpleasant.
children, white teddy bears, pure joy, lovely coat, great family pet, great disposition
chewing, high shedding season, obedience classes, hot climates, high maintenance
vicious pillow killer, double coat, Positive reinforcement works
Quincy the Samoyed
Quincy is an amazing dog. He is adorable and knows how to work his cuteness. He is definitely one of the friendliest dogs I have ever owned. When we go on walks he absolutely has to greet every single person who walks by, even if they are not interested in him. I have been trying to break him of this habit, but he is truly just a social butterfly. Everyone I meet loves him. We taught him the command 'give me a kiss' and it is probably the cutest thing ever. He comes right up to you and gives you a real kiss, although sometimes he likes to sneak some tongue in there or accidentally leaves his mouth wide open. He is also a big cuddler. He loves to get attention. When we first got him, it did take a lot of effort to potty train him. The breeder did no work with him, so we had to start all new. He had never even worn a collar before we got him. After about 2 months he is finally potty trained, well mostly. We have accidents occasionally. He has also started marking chairs inside, which will need to stop immediately. Quincy is just about perfect. He was the star dog in all the training sessions we put him in, and he picks up on new skills quick. One thing that I do not like is that he has become increasingly barky with age. He sounds like a 5 pound teacup poodle when he barks; high pitched and annoying. I am not sure if this is due to being a puppy still, or if this is just his voice. Inside the house you will hardly hear any sound out of him, except when he was playing. When he howls he still sounds like a cow mooing. Its very entertaining. Sometimes I feel bad for him because he just has so much fur. He hates being outside when its really hot out. I'm sure he will be very happy when the temperatures go down and he can play without getting too hot. When he blows his coat it also becomes very furry inside the house. It blends in well to our carpet, but it really sticks onto clothing. One thing that I like about Quincy is that I am not allergic to him. I am highly allergic to practically anything, including dogs, but Samoyeds have lower dander than other dogs, so he does not bother me. He is truly a blessing and I've grown to love him so much over the last few months. It melts my hear every time I see him and my other dog running up to me with love..
From lindsb33 Aug 17 2015 10:04PM
Ivan was my first dog and I got him when I was three. It was love at first sight, because I had always wanted (if that's possible at age three) a fluffy dog. Being a young child I dressed him in all kinds of stuff an he didn't mind one bit. He was totally calm and friendly.
He learned the things that in my opinion a dog should learn (to sit or to stop something or not to jump at other people). He was pretty smart with doors and he even could open a complicated window/door combination. He didn't necessarily like ball games and other typical dog games. He was always like: "What? You want me to run after a stick?!" And you know how Samoyeds are supposed to be sled dogs..? Well, he was not one. He preferred sitting on the sled being pulled. But I guess, that's a matter of training.
He did love winter and snow. Sometimes he slept outside in an "igloo" I had built.
Whenever he saw game, though, he was gone if you didn't call him early enough. He would never actually catch another animal, because he was too slow, and he would always come back after a few minutes.
Later in his life he had problems with arthritis, although I don't know if this was a problem of the breed or an individual problem.
You also did have to comb his hair a lot, which made the birds pretty happy, because they had some nice fluffy material for their nests.
All in all, I would absolutely recommend a Samoyed as a family dog (if it's not too hot where you live), because ours was so friendly, relaxed and fun.
From Solviken Aug 10 2015 3:35PM
Choke collars are not the best tools to use for dogs who pull. How many times have you seen people walking their dogs on a choke collar and the dog pulling?! This is because to properly use a punishment device, which is what a choke collar is, you should only have to give 3 or 4 firm, appropriate corrections and then your dog should never repeat the behavior again. People do not have the stomach to give their dogs a stiff enough correction to work in 3 or 4 trials. Further, weaker handlers do not have the strength to give their (large) dogs a strong enough correction for them to understand. Hence, while the correction will work in the short term, all too soon, the dog is back to pulling again and that level of correction has become simply a nag. Then the correction will need to be stronger to get them to attend to it.
For a dog who outweighs or out-muscles its handler, the use of a head halter is a better choice, as it gives one greater control of the weakest part of the dog's body, their head. Just as we can use a halter to guide a horse, so can we use the same technique to guide a dog.
Laura Garber, CPDT-KA, CC, FFCP
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