Species group: Toy Group dogs
Other name(s): Chinese Pug; Dutch Bulldog; Dutch Mastiff; Mini Mastiff; Mops
A little dog with a huge sense of importance, the Pug is a natural charmer. As one of the oldest dog breeds, with a history that dates back to at least 400 BCE, the Pug has been a royal pet found over the centuries everywhere from humble Tibetan monasteries to the Chinese Imperial Palace. With a dog this adorable and this self-assured, you may find it a little too easy to spoil and over-indulge your pet. But, all in all, this cute and generally quite amusing breed can be a great choice for the beginner.
As with any short-faced breed, the Pug may present some special health challenges that you should be aware of in order to provide the best care for your pampered pet.
Appearance / health:
The Pug is a little dog that gives the appearance of being more substantial than it is-- small, square and sturdy in build, with a sleek and soft coat. The head is large, round, and short faced with deep wrinkles on the forehead. The ears are soft and preferably rose-shaped; the eyes are dark, radiant, prominent and animated; the muzzle is short, flat and black; and, the teeth meet in a somewhat undershot bite. The tail is tightly curled and lies on the back. A double curl in the tail is a highly desirable trait.
The Pug is an easily groomed dog requiring brushing two or three times each week and bathing only when necessary. Dry thoroughly and quickly after bathing to prevent chill. Give attention to the nails and teeth weekly. The eyes should be washed 2-3 times per week to avoid infection. Clean the facial creasing regularly. Pugs are a seasonally heavy shedder.
While they are a toy breed, the Pug requires more exercise than the typical toy breed. Daily walks and lively games will keep them in good shape and prevent the obesity to which they are prone. Though walks should be somewhat brisk and games energetic, avoid strenuous exercise, particularly in warm weather, as it is difficult for them to breathe with such a short snout. The key to their overall health is consistent, daily exercise rather than intermittent strenuous exercise.
Pugs do not tolerate hot and cold weather; in fact, they will be stressed by it. They catch colds very easily and are prone to allergies and chronic breathing disorders due to their short muzzle (always ensure adequate ventilation). Their eyes are delicate and prone to weeping, inflammation of the cornea (“keratites”), corneal ulcers, and issues involving the eyelids. Additionally, they are prone to Pug Dog Encephalitis (“PDE”), which is a brain inflammation of unknown cause that strikes between the ages of 2 and 3 years. They are also prone to skin disorders. Other health issues that can affect the Pug are deformities of the mouth and nose, hip dysplasia, luxating patella, Legg-Perthes disease, epilepsy, inability to give birth, and heatstroke.
Behavior / temperament:
Pugs require an owner who can establish and maintain their place as the pack leader in order to be happy and to prevent them from developing unwanted behavioral characteristics. This is very important in Pug ownership because this adorable little dog is very intelligent and will resort to amusing, playful and witty strategies to get what they want, often refusing to stop until they get it. The Pug can be loving and affectionate, spunky and playful, quiet and unassuming and, occasionally, very willful. They are devoted to their owner, are good watchdogs, and rarely demonstrate any aggression. Pugs have a curious nature and will often investigate new people thoroughly. This is a good breed for the novice owner with a great sense of humor and who can remember to hold his or her place as alpha in the family pack.
The Pug is rated high in learning ability, medium in obedience, and low in problem solving. They will respond very well to basic obedience training but require a gentle hand; they are a sensitive breed and will respond to your tone of voice, making harsh punishment completely unnecessary. They will get bored with repetitious training sessions, so find ways to vary it up and make it interesting to them.
Pugs are average barkers.
apartment dog, great family pets, comical little sweethearts, loves children, entertaining, cuddle bugs
breathing problems, snoring, Pug fart, eye ulcers, anal sacs, dog hair
best toy breed, regimented feeding schedule, huge personality, pug meetups, leg hiker
The Pug Life
Owning a pug is like owning a stuffed animal. No really, they have the best temperaments one could hope for. They were actually bred to entertain children therefore they are exceptional around kids. My pug was born and raised around cats so he adapted will to other animals.
The only downside to having a pug is their snoring, but I somehow managed to let my pug know he was snoring and he'd stop. Don't ask me how, but he did. He was quick to pick up signals and queues and was patient when it came time to eating dinner scraps.
They can easily become overweight so it's ideal not to over feed them, as with any animal, moderation is key.
I've owned two pugs in my lifetime. The last one I had was my absolute joy! I couldn't have asked for a more loving companion. He went everywhere with me, including relocating overseas with me from America to Australia.
Bottom line, if you're looking for a small to medium compact dog, easy to train, well behaved and super good with little kids, a pug is an ideal dog to have.
The only down side is the amount of shedding that they do, and keeping their "wrinkled" nose clean..
From MissLadyPug Sep 19 2015 5:53AM
The way your dog's body was meant to be fed
There are so many misconceptions about raw feeding and I hope to quickly properly educate you so making an opinion for yourself is easier. I am a certified nutritionist for dogs and cats and the moment I finished my education I knew I needed to make better choices for my own personal dogs in regards to how I fed them. There are pros and cons to any feeding method so I cannot say it's going to be easy to know exactly what choices to make. The doubtful mind always says no, so anyone unfamiliar with anything is always hesitant. I see that a lot with other professionals in the field, specifically veterinarians. I am fortunate to have an integrative veterinarian who 100% supports this feeding method. Lets talk about the pros as there are many. There is no possible way to dispute that a dog's (especially cats) digestive system and teeth are designed for a diet of animal tissue, they are carnivores. Having jagged teeth throughout their mouth and a very short digestive tract, their bodies are not equipped to properly process plant material. Think of a cow's or sheep's flat teeth, made for grinding plants, and their 4 chambered stomachs, made to digest and assimilate nutrients from plants. They are herbivores. Feeding a diet of dry dog food, which is very heavy in plant based ingredients of many varieties,synthetic vitamins, and taste additives reeks havoc on their entire body systems over time. Some say feeding raw is expensive and time consuming. I'm part of a group with thousands and thousands of raw feeders around the world and we completely disagree. If you can follow a simple recipe you can make raw food for your pet. Learning how to shop for ingredients on sale and making relationships with local butchers is all you need to make it affordable. I feed two dogs raw cheaper than I wold purchasing an average quality dry food. It CAN be done if your pet's lifetime of health is important to you. There are so many support systems out there for this approach, it truly couldn't be any easier. The shelf life of raw food is far longer than that of dry food. Did you know that the nutrients and quality of dry food diminishes with the passing of each day? My dog's food is kept in a deep freezer and put in the refrigerator for thawing each night, ready for the next day. Freezing locks in all nutrients and can be kept for years without spoiling. Does your dog suffer from chronic conditions like ear infections and skin issues? Did you ever think it could be food related? Well let me tell you that it is. I have assisted with completely eradicating a host of chronic health issues in dogs and cats with diet alone. To most recently include a chihuahua with disc disease and no use of his hind legs. He now climbs steps and runs. He is 12 years old. No other therapy than a raw diet, regular massage, and one veterinary acupuncture visit. Let's talk about the cons. Now, most freeze dried and premade raw can be expensive for the amount you get. Feeding freeze dried is mostly for convenience. I use it when I need convenience like a weekend camping trip. I enjoy making my dog's food. There a lot of satisfaction in it for me. There is so much talk about bacteria like salmonella and e.coli when someone references raw food. Can it be present in raw food? Of course! But, did you know that your dry food can and does have the same bacteria? Dry and canned pet food recalls are a very common for bacteria. I have 100% control over the ingredients, processing, and storing of my pets raw food. Proper handling and sourcing of raw ingredients can and does deeply diminish the probability of bacteria. What about parasites? Again, yes of course raw materials can have parasites. As can dry and canned mass produced pet food. And again, the proper handling and sourcing of these ingredients remove this concern. (As a note: I have been raw feeding for over 5 years and NOT ONE of my dogs or clients have been treated for parasites or bacterial issues) Proper formulation can be a con to raw feeding. Honestly, its ridiculously easy. But without the proper ratio of ingredients you can cause issues. Companies make you think it is hard. They want to make you buy their product. It's a marketing scheme that works and unfortunately affects our pets negatively. I hope this review can shed light into the seemingly scary world of raw feeding. Educate yourselves and don't be afraid to jump in head first. Your pet's health and quality of life will be all the proof you need to know this is without a doubt the best decision you have ever made. .
From Megan S 56 days ago
Choke collars are not the best tools to use for dogs who pull. How many times have you seen people walking their dogs on a choke collar and the dog pulling?! This is because to properly use a punishment device, which is what a choke collar is, you should only have to give 3 or 4 firm, appropriate corrections and then your dog should never repeat the behavior again. People do not have the stomach to give their dogs a stiff enough correction to work in 3 or 4 trials. Further, weaker handlers do not have the strength to give their (large) dogs a strong enough correction for them to understand. Hence, while the correction will work in the short term, all too soon, the dog is back to pulling again and that level of correction has become simply a nag. Then the correction will need to be stronger to get them to attend to it.
For a dog who outweighs or out-muscles its handler, the use of a head halter is a better choice, as it gives one greater control of the weakest part of the dog's body, their head. Just as we can use a halter to guide a horse, so can we use the same technique to guide a dog.
Laura Garber, CPDT-KA, CC, FFCP
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