Species group: Toy Group dogs
Other name(s): Chinese Pug; Dutch Bulldog; Dutch Mastiff; Mini Mastiff; Mops
A little dog with a huge sense of importance, the Pug is a natural charmer. As one of the oldest dog breeds, with a history that dates back to at least 400 BCE, the Pug has been a royal pet found over the centuries everywhere from humble Tibetan monasteries to the Chinese Imperial Palace. With a dog this adorable and this self-assured, you may find it a little too easy to spoil and over-indulge your pet. But, all in all, this cute and generally quite amusing breed can be a great choice for the beginner.
As with any short-faced breed, the Pug may present some special health challenges that you should be aware of in order to provide the best care for your pampered pet.
Appearance / health:
The Pug is a little dog that gives the appearance of being more substantial than it is-- small, square and sturdy in build, with a sleek and soft coat. The head is large, round, and short faced with deep wrinkles on the forehead. The ears are soft and preferably rose-shaped; the eyes are dark, radiant, prominent and animated; the muzzle is short, flat and black; and, the teeth meet in a somewhat undershot bite. The tail is tightly curled and lies on the back. A double curl in the tail is a highly desirable trait.
The Pug is an easily groomed dog requiring brushing two or three times each week and bathing only when necessary. Dry thoroughly and quickly after bathing to prevent chill. Give attention to the nails and teeth weekly. The eyes should be washed 2-3 times per week to avoid infection. Clean the facial creasing regularly. Pugs are a seasonally heavy shedder.
While they are a toy breed, the Pug requires more exercise than the typical toy breed. Daily walks and lively games will keep them in good shape and prevent the obesity to which they are prone. Though walks should be somewhat brisk and games energetic, avoid strenuous exercise, particularly in warm weather, as it is difficult for them to breathe with such a short snout. The key to their overall health is consistent, daily exercise rather than intermittent strenuous exercise.
Pugs do not tolerate hot and cold weather; in fact, they will be stressed by it. They catch colds very easily and are prone to allergies and chronic breathing disorders due to their short muzzle (always ensure adequate ventilation). Their eyes are delicate and prone to weeping, inflammation of the cornea (“keratites”), corneal ulcers, and issues involving the eyelids. Additionally, they are prone to Pug Dog Encephalitis (“PDE”), which is a brain inflammation of unknown cause that strikes between the ages of 2 and 3 years. They are also prone to skin disorders. Other health issues that can affect the Pug are deformities of the mouth and nose, hip dysplasia, luxating patella, Legg-Perthes disease, epilepsy, inability to give birth, and heatstroke.
Behavior / temperament:
Pugs require an owner who can establish and maintain their place as the pack leader in order to be happy and to prevent them from developing unwanted behavioral characteristics. This is very important in Pug ownership because this adorable little dog is very intelligent and will resort to amusing, playful and witty strategies to get what they want, often refusing to stop until they get it. The Pug can be loving and affectionate, spunky and playful, quiet and unassuming and, occasionally, very willful. They are devoted to their owner, are good watchdogs, and rarely demonstrate any aggression. Pugs have a curious nature and will often investigate new people thoroughly. This is a good breed for the novice owner with a great sense of humor and who can remember to hold his or her place as alpha in the family pack.
The Pug is rated high in learning ability, medium in obedience, and low in problem solving. They will respond very well to basic obedience training but require a gentle hand; they are a sensitive breed and will respond to your tone of voice, making harsh punishment completely unnecessary. They will get bored with repetitious training sessions, so find ways to vary it up and make it interesting to them.
Pugs are average barkers.
apartment dog, great family pets, comical little sweethearts, loves children, entertaining, cuddle bugs
breathing problems, snoring, Pug fart, eye ulcers, anal sacs, dog hair
best toy breed, regimented feeding schedule, huge personality, pug meetups, leg hiker
Pug Hugs For All!
This is Jeff, he is turning 6 years old this year. The first 2 years of his life where spent being passed from home to home, family to family, the poor little guy had no consistency. Our Shar-Pei had been diagnosed with cancer at 13 years of age, leaving our 8 year old Chihuahua with no companion once he goes to the rainbow bridge... and, as if like magic, we saw Jeff available for rescue. His reasons for being passed from home to home? He is an overly affectionate, naps-a-lot little dog. Previous owners couldn't cope with him always needing to be close, but we feel his need for affection stems from not having a stable loving family whilst growing. Pugs, in general, make amazing companions! There are a few health issues to be aware of before adopting in your new family member, but if you know what to look for, they're easily cared for, easily pleased, and so so easy to love their little squished faced..
From CharlieLouM Oct 14 2018 9:53AM
Steroids are old school
In my opinion, steroids such as dexamethasone for conditions that involve chronic pain and inflammation are ineffective. Steroids will help pain by reducing inflammation it is true. Steroids are great for those one time acute injuries that need a quick anti-inflammatory. If your pet is suffering from hip dysplasia or osteoarthritis then, steroids are not going to help without injuring another part in the body. If hip dysplasia is a chronic problem then steroids is not a chronic treatment. This is the reason. Steroids, if used over a long period of time, can suppress the own body's ability to produce its own hormones needed. If a patient will be having surgery soon then, use of steroids prior to surgery and after surgery for a short time is not a bad thing. Using steroids when surgery is not going to be an option can cause a side effect that could decrease your pet's quality of life. .
From JMalone CVT 34 days ago
When dealing with any fear, aggressive or otherwise, distance is your friend. Find out how far the dog needs to be away from the subject of their fear and work from there.
I recently worked with a dog who is fearful of people and dogs on walks outside of his home. My mentor trainer and I took him to a field along the beach. Oso, the dog, watched people pass by and was rewarded when he brought his attention back to mom.
Many times, dogs learn to bark because it makes the scary thing go away. You want to show them that the scary thing will leave without barking. If the dog does begin to bark, move him away and treat when he focuses on you.
Desensitizing a dog that is afraid can be a long process. The older the dog or the more bad association the dog has with the stimuli only makes it worse. Be patient and remember distance is your friend..
From GoldenBoi0412 26 days ago